Megabyte

Multiples of bytes
Decimal
ValueMetric
1000kBkilobyte
10002MBmegabyte
10003GBgigabyte
10004TBterabyte
10005PBpetabyte
10006EBexabyte
10007ZBzettabyte
10008YByottabyte
Binary
ValueIECJEDEC
1024KiBkibibyteKBkilobyte
10242MiBmebibyteMBmegabyte
10243GiBgibibyteGBgigabyte
10244TiBtebibyte
10245PiBpebibyte
10246EiBexbibyte
10247ZiBzebibyte
10248YiByobibyte

The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information. Its recommended unit symbol is MB. The unit prefix mega is a multiplier of 1000000 (106) in the International System of Units (SI).[1] Therefore, one megabyte is one million bytes of information. This definition has been incorporated into the International System of Quantities.

However, in the computer and information technology fields, several other definitions are used that arose for historical reasons of convenience. A common usage has been to designate one megabyte as 1048576bytes (220 B), a measurement that conveniently expresses the binary multiples inherent in digital computer memory architectures. However, most standards bodies have deprecated this usage in favor of a set of binary prefixes,[2] in which this quantity is designated by the unit mebibyte (MiB). Less common is a convention that used the megabyte to mean 1000×1024 (1024000) bytes.[2]

Definitions

The megabyte is commonly used to measure either 10002 bytes or 10242 bytes. The interpretation of using base 1024 originated as a compromise technical jargon for the byte multiples that needed to be expressed by the powers of 2 but lacked a convenient name. As 1024 (210) approximates 1000 (103), roughly corresponding to the SI prefix kilo-, it was a convenient term to denote the binary multiple. In 1998 the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) proposed standards for binary prefixes requiring the use of megabyte to strictly denote 10002 bytes and mebibyte to denote 10242 bytes. By the end of 2009, the IEC Standard had been adopted by the IEEE, EU, ISO and NIST. Nevertheless, the term megabyte continues to be widely used with different meanings:

Base 10
1 MB = 1000000 bytes (= 10002 B = 106 B) is the definition recommended by the International System of Units (SI) and the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC.[2] This definition is used in networking contexts and most storage media, particularly hard drives, flash-based storage,[3] and DVDs, and is also consistent with the other uses of the SI prefix in computing, such as CPU clock speeds or measures of performance. The Mac OS X 10.6 file manager is a notable example of this usage in software. Since Snow Leopard, file sizes are reported in decimal units.[4]

In this convention, one thousand megabytes (1000 MB) is equal to one gigabyte (1 GB), where 1 GB is one billion bytes.

Base 2
1 MB = 1048576 bytes (= 10242 B = 220 B) is the definition used by Microsoft Windows in reference to computer memory, such as RAM. This definition is synonymous with the unambiguous binary prefix mebibyte.

In this convention, one thousand and twenty-four megabytes (1024 MB) is equal to one gigabyte (1 GB), where 1 GB is 10243 bytes.

Mixed
1 MB = 1024000 bytes (= 1000×1024 B) is the definition used to describe the formatted capacity of the 1.44 MB 3.5-inch HD floppy disk, which actually has a capacity of 1474560bytes.

Semiconductor memory doubles in size for each address lane added to an integrated circuit package, which favors counts that are powers of two. The capacity of a disk drive is the product of the sector size, number of sectors per track, number of tracks per side, and the number of disk platters in the drive. Changes in any of these factors would not usually double the size. Sector sizes were set as powers of two (most common 512 bytes or 4096 bytes) for convenience in processing. It was a natural extension to give the capacity of a disk drive in multiples of the sector size, giving a mix of decimal and binary multiples when expressing total disk capacity.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Megagreep
العربية: ميغابايت
azərbaycanca: Meqabayt
বাংলা: মেগাবাইট
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мэгабайт
български: Мегабайт
català: Megabyte
dansk: Megabyte
Deutsch: Megabyte
español: Megabyte
Esperanto: Megabajto
euskara: Megabyte
فارسی: مگابایت
français: Mégabyte
한국어: 메가바이트
հայերեն: Մեգաբայթ
hrvatski: Megabajt
Bahasa Indonesia: Megabita
interlingua: Megabyte
italiano: Megabyte
Basa Jawa: Mégabita
ქართული: მეგაბაიტი
қазақша: Мегабайт
latviešu: Megabaits
македонски: Мегабајт
मराठी: मेगाबाइट
Bahasa Melayu: Megabait
Nederlands: Megabyte
日本語: メガバイト
norsk: Megabyte
norsk nynorsk: Megabyte
پنجابی: میگا بائیٹ
polski: Megabajt
português: Megabyte
русский: Мегабайт
саха тыла: Мегабайт
Scots: Megabyte
sicilianu: Megabyte
Simple English: Megabyte
slovenčina: Megabajt
српски / srpski: Мегабајт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Megabajt
svenska: Megabyte
татарча/tatarça: Мегабайт
тоҷикӣ: Мегабайт
Türkçe: Megabayt
українська: Мегабайт
Tiếng Việt: Megabyte
Winaray: Megabyte
ייִדיש: מעגאבייט
粵語: 兆字節