Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria

Maximilian II Emanuel
Joseph Vivien 001.jpg
Portrait by Joseph Vivien
Elector of Bavaria
Reign1679–1726
PredecessorFerdinand Maria
SuccessorCharles Albert
Born(1662-07-11)11 July 1662
Munich
Died26 February 1726(1726-02-26) (aged 63)
Munich
BurialTheatiner Church
SpouseMaria Antonia of Austria
Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
Issue
Detail
Joseph Ferdinand
Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand Maria Onnocent
Clemens August
Johann Theodor
HouseHouse of Wittelsbach
FatherFerdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
MotherHenriette Adelaide of Savoy

Maximilian II (11 July 1662 – 26 February 1726), also known as Max Emanuel or Maximilian Emanuel,[1] was a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire. He was also the last governor of the Spanish Netherlands and duke of Luxembourg. An able soldier, his ambition led to conflicts that limited his ultimate dynastic achievements.

He was born in Munich to Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria and Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy (d.1676). His maternal grandparents were Victor Amadeus I of Savoy and Christine Marie of France, daughter of King Henri IV.

War against the Ottoman Empire

Maximilian inherited the elector's mantle while still a minor in 1679 and remained under his uncle Maximilian Philipp's regency until 1680. By 1683 he was already embarked on a military career, fighting in the defense of Vienna against the attempt of the Ottoman Empire to extend their possessions further into Europe. He returned to court for long enough to marry Maria Antonia, daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and Margaret Theresa of Spain, on 15 July 1685 in Vienna, Austria. This marriage was very unhappy since the couple disliked each other, but it was successful in producing a desired heir for both Bavaria and the Spanish monarchy. Maximilian Emanuel's fame was assured when, in 1688, he led the capture of Belgrade from the Turks, with the full support of Serbian insurgents under the command of Jovan Monasterlija.

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