Life and career
After spending his childhood in
Quimper, Brittany, France, he enrolled in the Paris Colonial School, which he left in 1897 for an artistic career. He was one of the first friends
Pablo Picasso made in Paris. They met in the summer of 1901, and it was Jacob who helped the young artist learn French.
 Later, on the Boulevard Voltaire, he shared a room with Picasso,
 who remained a lifelong friend (and was included in his artwork
Three Musicians). Jacob introduced him to
Guillaume Apollinaire, who in turn introduced Picasso to
Georges Braque. He would become close friends with
Christopher Wood and
Amedeo Modigliani, who painted his portrait in 1916. He also befriended and encouraged the artist Romanin, otherwise known as French politician and future Resistance leader
Jean Moulin. Moulin's famous nom de guerre Max is presumed to be selected in honor of Jacob.
Jacob, who had
Jewish origins, claimed to have had a vision of Christ in 1909, and converted to
Max Jacob is regarded as an important link between the
symbolists and the
surrealists, as can be seen in his prose poems Le cornet à dés (The Dice Box, 1917 – the 1948
Gallimard edition was illustrated by
Jean Hugo) and in his paintings, exhibitions of which were held in New York City in 1930 and 1938.
His writings include the novel Saint Matorel (1911), the verses Le laboratoire central (1921), and Le défense de Tartuffe (1919), which expounds his philosophical and religious attitudes.
The famous psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan attributed the quote "The truth is always new" to Jacob.