Mausoleum

The old mausoleum of Imam Husayn Shrine in Karbala, Iraq.
The entrance to Higashi Otani Mausoleum in Kyoto, Japan.
Taj Mahal, in Agra, India is the world's most famous and most photographed mausoleum.
Kumsusan Palace of the Sun, Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il's mausoleum in Pyongyang, North Korea.
The interior of the Spring Valley Mausoleum in Minnesota, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Percival Lowell - Mausoleum 2013 at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona.
The exterior view of the Mausoleum of Emperor Jahangir, located in Punjab, Pakistan

A mausoleum a is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or people. A monument without the interment is a cenotaph. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb, or the tomb may be considered to be within the mausoleum.

Overview

The word derives from the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (near modern-day Bodrum in Turkey), the grave of King Mausolus, the Persian satrap of Caria, whose large tomb was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Historically, mausolea were, and still may be, large and impressive constructions for a deceased leader or other person of importance. However, smaller mausolea soon became popular with the gentry and nobility in many countries. In the Roman Empire, these were often ranged in necropoles or along roadsides: the via Appia Antica retains the ruins of many private mausolea for miles outside Rome. However, when Christianity became dominant, mausoleums were out of use. [1]

Later, mausolea became particularly popular in Europe and its colonies during the early modern and modern periods. A single mausoleum may be permanently sealed. A mausoleum encloses a burial chamber either wholly above ground or within a burial vault below the superstructure. This contains the body or bodies, probably within sarcophagi or interment niches. Modern mausolea may also act as columbaria (a type of mausoleum for cremated remains) with additional cinerary urn niches. Mausolea may be located in a cemetery, a churchyard or on private land.

In the United States, the term may be used for a burial vault below a larger facility, such as a church. The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles, California, for example, has 6,000 sepulchral and cinerary urn spaces for interments in the lower level of the building. It is known as the "crypt mausoleum". In Europe, these underground vaults are sometimes called crypts or catacombs.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mausoleum
العربية: ضريح
aragonés: Mausoleu
беларуская: Маўзалей
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Маўзалей
български: Мавзолей
bosanski: Mauzolej
català: Mausoleu
čeština: Mauzoleum
corsu: Musuleu
dansk: Mausoleum
Deutsch: Mausoleum
eesti: Mausoleum
Ελληνικά: Μαυσωλείο
español: Mausoleo
Esperanto: Maŭzoleo
euskara: Mausoleo
français: Mausolée
Frysk: Mausoleum
galego: Mausoleo
한국어: 영묘
हिन्दी: मकबरा
hrvatski: Mauzolej
Bahasa Indonesia: Monumen makam
íslenska: Leghöll
italiano: Mausoleo
ქართული: მავზოლეუმი
latviešu: Mauzolejs
lietuvių: Mauzoliejus
magyar: Mauzóleum
Bahasa Melayu: Makam
Nederlands: Mausoleum
norsk: Mausoleum
norsk nynorsk: Mausoleum
Nouormand: Maûsolée
occitan: Mausolèu
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਦੇਹਰਾ
پنجابی: مزار
polski: Mauzoleum
português: Mausoléu
română: Mausoleu
русский: Мавзолей
Scots: Mausoleum
Simple English: Mausoleum
سنڌي: مزار
slovenčina: Mauzóleum
slovenščina: Mavzolej
српски / srpski: Маузолеј
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mauzolej
suomi: Mausoleumi
svenska: Mausoleum
тоҷикӣ: Мавзолей
Türkçe: Anıt mezar
українська: Мавзолей
اردو: مزار
Tiếng Việt: Lăng mộ
Winaray: Mausoleo
中文: 陵墓