Martinique in France 2016.svg
Country France
 • President of Executive CouncilAlfred Marie-Jeanne[1]
 • Total1,128 km2 (436 sq mi)
 • Total376,480
 • Density330/km2 (860/sq mi)
Martiniquais (m) / Martiniquaise (f)
Time zoneUTC-04 (ECT)
ISO 3166 codeMQ
GDP (2012)[3]Ranked 23rd
Total€8.35 billion (US$10.7 bn)
Per capita€21,527 (US$27,688)
Territorial collectivity

Martinique (French pronunciation: ​[maʁtiˈnik]) is an insular region of France located in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies in the eastern Caribbean Sea, with a land area of 1,128 square kilometres (436 sq mi) and a population of 376,480 inhabitants as of January 2016. Like Guadeloupe, it is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department. One of the Windward Islands, it is directly north of Saint Lucia, southeast of Greater Antilles, northwest of Barbados, and south of Dominica.

As with the other overseas departments, Martinique is one of the eighteen regions of France (being an overseas region) and an integral part of the French Republic. As part of France, Martinique is part of the European Union, and its currency is the euro. The official language is French, and virtually the entire population also speaks Antillean Creole (Créole Martiniquais).[4]


Christopher Columbus landed on 15 June 1502, after a 21-day trade wind passage, his fastest ocean voyage. He spent three days there refilling his water casks, bathing and washing laundry.[5]

The island was then called "Jouanacaëra-Matinino", which came from a mythical island described by the Taínos of Hispaniola. According to historian Sydney Daney, the island was called "Jouanacaëra" by the Caribs, which means "the island of iguanas".[citation needed]

When Columbus landed on the island in 1502, he christened the island as Martinica; through the influence of the neighboring island of Dominica (La Dominique), it came to be known as Martinique.[vague]

The island is called "Madinina" by the locals.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Martinique
Alemannisch: Martinique
አማርኛ: ማርቲኒክ
العربية: مارتينيك
aragonés: Martinica
arpetan: Martinica
asturianu: Martinica
azərbaycanca: Martinika
تۆرکجه: مارتینیک
Bân-lâm-gú: Martinique
беларуская: Марцініка
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мартыніка
Bikol Central: Martinique
български: Мартиника
bosanski: Martinique
brezhoneg: Martinik
català: Martinica
Cebuano: Martinique
čeština: Martinik
Cymraeg: Martinique
dansk: Martinique
davvisámegiella: Martinique
Deutsch: Martinique
ދިވެހިބަސް: މާޓިނީކޫ
dolnoserbski: Martinique
eesti: Martinique
Ελληνικά: Μαρτινίκα
эрзянь: Мартиника
español: Martinica
Esperanto: Martiniko
estremeñu: Martinica
euskara: Martinika
فارسی: مارتینیک
Fiji Hindi: Martinique
føroyskt: Martinique
français: Martinique
Gaeilge: Martinique
Gagauz: Martinik
Gàidhlig: Martinique
galego: Martinica
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Martinique
한국어: 마르티니크
հայերեն: Մարտինիկա
हिन्दी: मार्टीनिक
hornjoserbsce: Martinique
hrvatski: Martinik
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মার্টিনিক
Bahasa Indonesia: Martinik
interlingua: Martinica
Interlingue: Martinica
íslenska: Martinique
italiano: Martinica
עברית: מרטיניק
Basa Jawa: Martinique
Kapampangan: Martinique
ქართული: მარტინიკა
kaszëbsczi: Martinika
қазақша: Мартиника
kernowek: Martinik
Kinyarwanda: Maritike
Kiswahili: Martinique
Kongo: Madinina
Kreyòl ayisyen: Matinik
kurdî: Martinique
Кыргызча: Мартиника
кырык мары: Мартиника
Latina: Martinica
latviešu: Martinika
Lëtzebuergesch: Departement Martinique
lietuvių: Martinika
Ligure: Martinica
Limburgs: Martinique
lingála: Martinike
Lingua Franca Nova: Martinic
lumbaart: Martinica
magyar: Martinique
македонски: Мартиник
მარგალური: მარტინიკა
Bahasa Melayu: Martinique
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Martinique
Nederlands: Martinique
нохчийн: Мартиника
Nordfriisk: Martinique
Norfuk / Pitkern: Martinique
norsk: Martinique
norsk nynorsk: Martinique
Novial: Martinik
occitan: Martinica
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਰਟੀਨੀਕ
پنجابی: مارٹینیک
Papiamentu: Martinik
Patois: Maatiniik
Piemontèis: Martinica
Plattdüütsch: Martinique
polski: Martynika
português: Martinica
română: Martinica
Runa Simi: Martinik
русский: Мартиника
Scots: Martinique
shqip: Martinika
sicilianu: Martinica
Simple English: Martinique
slovenčina: Martinik
slovenščina: Martinik
ślůnski: Martyńika
српски / srpski: Мартиник
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Martinik
Basa Sunda: Martinik
suomi: Martinique
svenska: Martinique
Tagalog: Martinika
Türkçe: Martinique
українська: Мартиніка
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مارتىنىكا
Tiếng Việt: Martinique
Winaray: Martinique
Wolof: Martinik
Yorùbá: Mártíníkì
粵語: 馬提尼克
中文: 馬提尼克