March

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March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the second month to have a length of 31 days. In the Northern Hemisphere, the meteorological beginning of spring occurs on the first day of March. The March equinox on the 20th or 21st marks the astronomical beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere, where September is the seasonal equivalent of the Northern Hemisphere's March.

Origin

March, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, a book of prayers to be said at canonical hours

The name of March comes from Latin Martius, the first month of the earliest Roman calendar. It was named after Mars, the Roman god of war, who was also regarded as a guardian of agriculture and an ancestor of the Roman people through his sons Romulus and Remus. His month Martius was the beginning of the season for both farming and warfare, [1] and the festivals held in his honor during the month were mirrored by others in October, when the season for these activities came to a close. [2] Martius remained the first month of the Roman calendar year perhaps as late as 153 BC, [3] and several religious observances in the first half of the month were originally new year's celebrations. [4] Even in late antiquity, Roman mosaics picturing the months sometimes still placed March first. [5]

March 1 began the numbered year in Russia until the end of the 15th century. Great Britain and its colonies continued to use March 25 until 1752, when they finally adopted the Gregorian calendar (the fiscal year in the UK continues to begin on the 6th April, initially identical to 25 March in the former Julian calendar). Many other cultures and religions still celebrate the beginning of the New Year in March.

March is the first month of spring in the Northern Hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and part of Africa) and the first month of fall or autumn in the Southern Hemisphere (South America, part of Africa, and Oceania).

Ancient Roman observances celebrated in March include Agonium Martiale, celebrated on March 1, March 14, and March 17, Matronalia, celebrated on March 1, Junonalia, celebrated on March 7, Equirria, celebrated on March 14, Mamuralia, celebrated on either March 14 or March 15, Hilaria on March 15 and then through March 22-28, Argei, celebrated on March 16–17, Liberalia and Bacchanalia, celebrated March 17, Quinquatria, celebrated March 19–23, and Tubilustrium, celebrated March 23. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Maart
Alemannisch: März
አማርኛ: ማርች
Ænglisc: Hrēþmōnaþ
Аҧсшәа: Хәажәкыра
العربية: مارس
aragonés: Marzo
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܕܪ
armãneashti: Marțu
arpetan: Mârs (mês)
অসমীয়া: মাৰ্চ
asturianu: Marzu
Avañe'ẽ: Jasyapy
авар: Март
Aymar aru: Achuqa phaxsi
azərbaycanca: Mart
বাংলা: মার্চ
Bân-lâm-gú: 3 goe̍h
Basa Banyumasan: Maret
башҡортса: Март
беларуская: Сакавік
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сакавік
भोजपुरी: मार्च
Bikol Central: Marso
български: Март
Boarisch: Meaz
bosanski: Mart
brezhoneg: Meurzh (miz)
català: Març
Чӑвашла: Пуш уйăхĕ
Cebuano: Marso
čeština: Březen
chiTumbuka: Marichi
corsu: Marzu
Cymraeg: Mawrth (mis)
dansk: Marts
davvisámegiella: Njukčamánnu
Deutsch: März
ދިވެހިބަސް: މާރޗް
dolnoserbski: Pózymski
eesti: Märts
Ελληνικά: Μάρτιος
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Mêrs
эрзянь: Эйзюрков
español: Marzo
Esperanto: Marto
estremeñu: Marçu
euskara: Martxo
eʋegbe: Tedoxe
فارسی: مارس
Fiji Hindi: March
føroyskt: Mars
français: Mars (mois)
Frysk: Maart
furlan: Març
Gaeilge: An Márta
Gaelg: Mayrnt
Gagauz: Baba marta
Gàidhlig: Am Màrt
galego: Marzo
贛語: 三月
ગુજરાતી: માર્ચ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 3-ngie̍t
хальмг: Моһа сар
한국어: 3월
Hawaiʻi: Malaki
Հայերեն: Մարտ
हिन्दी: मार्च
hornjoserbsce: Měrc
hrvatski: Ožujak
Ido: Marto
Igbo: March
Ilokano: Marso
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মার্চ
Bahasa Indonesia: Maret
interlingua: Martio
Interlingue: Marte
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓇᑦᓯᐊᓕᐅᑦ
Ирон: Мартъи
isiXhosa: Eyokwindla
íslenska: Mars (mánuður)
italiano: Marzo
עברית: מרץ
Basa Jawa: Maret
kalaallisut: Martsi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಾರ್ಚ್
Kapampangan: Marsu
къарачай-малкъар: Март
ქართული: მარტი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: مارچ
kaszëbsczi: Strëmiannik
қазақша: Наурыз
kernowek: Mis Meurth
Kinyarwanda: Werurwe
Kiswahili: Machi
Kreyòl ayisyen: Mas (mwa)
Kurdî: Adar
Кыргызча: Март
кырык мары: Март
Ladino: Marso
лакку: Март
лезги: Март
ລາວ: ມີນາ
Latina: Martius
latviešu: Marts
Lëtzebuergesch: Mäerz
lietuvių: Kovas
Ligure: Marso
Limburgs: Miert
Livvinkarjala: Kevätkuu
lumbaart: Mars
magyar: Március
मैथिली: मार्च
македонски: Март
Malagasy: Martsa
മലയാളം: മാർച്ച്
Malti: Marzu
მარგალური: მელახი
مصرى: مارس
Bahasa Melayu: Mac
Baso Minangkabau: Maret
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 3 nguŏk
Mirandés: Márcio
мокшень: Марайков
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မတ်
Nāhuatl: Eyi metztli
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Maji
Nederlands: Maart
Nedersaksies: Meert
नेपाली: मार्च
नेपाल भाषा: मार्च
日本語: 3月
Napulitano: Màrzo
нохчийн: Март
Nordfriisk: Marts
Norfuk / Pitkern: Maach
norsk nynorsk: Månaden mars
Nouormand: Mar
Novial: Marte
occitan: Març
олык марий: Ӱярня (тылзе)
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ମାର୍ଚ୍ଚ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mart
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਰਚ
پنجابی: مارچ
پښتو: مارچ
Patois: Maach
Перем Коми: Март
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខែមីនា
Piemontèis: Mars (mèis)
Tok Pisin: Mas
Plattdüütsch: März
polski: Marzec
Ποντιακά: Μαρτς
português: Março
Qaraqalpaqsha: Mart
qırımtatarca: Mart
Ripoarisch: Määz
română: Martie
русиньскый: Марец
русский: Март
саха тыла: Кулун тутар
Gagana Samoa: Mati
संस्कृतम्: मार्च
sardu: Martzu
Scots: Mairch
Sesotho sa Leboa: Hlakola
sicilianu: Marzu
සිංහල: මාර්තු
Simple English: March
سنڌي: مارچ
SiSwati: ÍNdlovu
slovenčina: Marec
slovenščina: Marec
ślůnski: Marzec
Soomaaliga: Maarso
српски / srpski: Март
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mart
Basa Sunda: Maret
suomi: Maaliskuu
svenska: Mars (månad)
Tagalog: Marso
தமிழ்: மார்ச்
Taqbaylit: Meɣres
tarandíne: Màrze
татарча/tatarça: Март
తెలుగు: మార్చి
tetun: Marsu
тоҷикӣ: Март
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᎾᏱᎵᏒ
Türkçe: Mart
Türkmençe: Mart
удмурт: Южтолэзь
українська: Березень
اردو: مارچ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: نەۋرۇز
vèneto: Marso
vepsän kel’: Keväz'ku
Tiếng Việt: Tháng ba
Volapük: Mäzul
Võro: Urbõkuu
West-Vlams: Moarte
Winaray: Marso
Xitsonga: Nyenyankulu
ייִדיש: מערץ
Yorùbá: Oṣù Kẹta
粵語: 3月
Zazaki: Adar
žemaitėška: Kuovs
中文: 3月