Maracay

Maracay
Flag of Maracay
Flag
Official seal of Maracay
Seal

Nickname(s): "Ciudad Jardín"
(English: Garden City)

Maracay Nocturna.jpg
TORRE SINDONI 4,MARACAY EDO ARAGUA.jpg Parte de Turmero.jpg
Interior Maestranza Maracay.jpg Plaza girardot.jpg
Maracay norte.jpg
Maracay is located in Venezuela
Maracay
Maracay
Coordinates: 10°14′49″N 67°35′46″W / 10°14′49″N 67°35′46″W / 10.24694; -67.59611
Country   Venezuela
State Aragua
Municipality Girardot
Founded March 5, 1701
Government
 •  Mayor Pedro Bastidas
Area
 • Total 911.57 km2 (351.96 sq mi)
Elevation 436 m (1,430 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 955,362
 • Density 1.439/km2 (3.73/sq mi)
 •  Demonym Maracayero(a)
Time zone VST ( UTC-4:30)
 • Summer ( DST) not observed ( UTC-4:30)
Postal codes 2101, 2102, 2103, 2104
Area code(s) 0243
Climate Aw
Website Alcaldía de Maracay (in Spanish)
The area and population figures are for the municipality

Maracay (Spanish pronunciation:  [maɾaˈkai̯]) is a city in north-central Venezuela, near the Caribbean coast, and is the capital and most important city of the state of Aragua. Most of it falls under the jurisdiction of the Girardot Municipality. The population of Maracay and its surroundings as per the 2011 census was 955,362. In Venezuela, Maracay is known as "Ciudad Jardín", or "Garden City".

History

Monumento en honor al General Juan Vicente Gómez
The jaguar, symbol of the Maracaya Indians
Venus de Tacarigua, another symbol of Maracay

Officially established on March 5, 1701 by Bishop Diego de Baños y Sotomayor in the valleys of Tocopio and Tapatapa (what is known today as the central valley of Aragua) in northern Venezuela.


According to the most accepted explanation, it was named after a local indigenous chief, and refers to the "Maracayo" (Felis mitis), a small tiger. Alternative etymologies cite a local aromatic tree called Mara.


Maracay experienced rapid growth during Juan Vicente Gómez's dictatorship (1908–1935). Gómez saw Maracay as a suitable place to make his residence during his rule, and ordered the construction of an Arc of Triumph, a bull plaza (a near replica of the one in Seville, Spain), an Ópera house, a Zoo, and, most notably, the Hotel Jardín (Garden Hotel), a majestic, tourist attraction with very large gardens. The city is home to the Mausoleo de Gómez (Gómez's mausoleum), where the dictator's remains are stored.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Maracay
aragonés: Maracay
български: Маракай
català: Maracay
Cebuano: Maracay
dansk: Maracay
Deutsch: Maracay
Ελληνικά: Μαρακάι
español: Maracay
Esperanto: Marakajo
euskara: Maracay
فارسی: ماراکای
français: Maracay
한국어: 마라카이
Ирон: Маракай
italiano: Maracay
ქართული: მარაკაი
қазақша: Маракай
lietuvių: Marakajus
мокшень: Маракай
Nederlands: Maracay
日本語: マラカイ
norsk: Maracay
polski: Maracay
português: Maracay
română: Maracay
Runa Simi: Marakay
русский: Маракай
Scots: Maracay
shqip: Maracay
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Maracay
suomi: Maracay
svenska: Maracay
Türkçe: Maracay
українська: Маракай
اردو: ماراکای
vepsän kel’: Marakai
Tiếng Việt: Maracay
Volapük: Maracay
Winaray: Maracay
中文: 马拉凯