Latin: Gloriosus et Liber
"Glorious and free"
"Glorieux et libre"  (French)
Confederation15 July 1870 (5th)
Largest cityWinnipeg
Largest metroWinnipeg Capital Region
 • Lieutenant GovernorJanice Filmon
 • PremierBrian Pallister (Progressive Conservative)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Manitoba
Federal representation(in Canadian Parliament)
House seats14 of 338 (4.1%)
Senate seats6 of 105 (5.7%)
 • Total649,950 km2 (250,950 sq mi)
 • Land548,360 km2 (211,720 sq mi)
 • Water101,593 km2 (39,225 sq mi)  15.6%
Area rankRanked 8th
 6.5% of Canada
 • Total1,278,365 [2]
 • Estimate 
(2019 Q2)
1,362,789 [3]
 • RankRanked 5th
 • Density2.33/km2 (6.0/sq mi)
Official languagesEnglish[1]
 • Rank6th
 • Total (2015)C$65.862 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$50,820 (9th)
Time zoneCentral: UTC–6, (DST −5)
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefixR
ISO 3166 codeCA-MB
FlowerPrairie crocus
TreeWhite spruce
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Manitoba (ə/ (About this soundlisten)) is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is often considered one of the three prairie provinces (with Alberta and Saskatchewan) and is Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.3 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi) with a widely varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States. The province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, and Northwest Territories to the northwest, and the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.

Aboriginal peoples have inhabited what is now Manitoba for thousands of years. In the late 17th century, fur traders arrived on two major river systems, what is now called the Nelson in northern Manitoba and in the southeast along the Winnipeg River system. A Royal Charter in 1670 granted all the lands draining into Hudson's Bay to the British company and they administered trade in what was then called Rupert's Land. During the next 200 years, communities continued to grow and evolve, with a significant settlement of Michif in what is now Winnipeg. The assertion of Métis identity and self-rule culminated in negotiations for the creation of the province of Manitoba. There are many factors that led to an armed uprising of the Métis people against the Government of Canada, a conflict known as the Red River Rebellion. The resolution of the assertion of the right to representation led to the Parliament of Canada passing the Manitoba Act in 1870 that created the province.

Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is the eighth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Other census agglomerations in the province are Brandon, Steinbach, Portage la Prairie, and Thompson.


The name Manitoba is believed to be derived from the Cree, Ojibwe or Assiniboine languages. The name derives from Cree manitou-wapow or Ojibwa manidoobaa, both meaning "straits of Manitou, the Great Spirit", a place referring to what are now called The Narrows in the centre of Lake Manitoba. It may also be from the Assiniboine for "Lake of the Prairie".[6]

The lake was known to French explorers as Lac des Prairies. Thomas Spence chose the name to refer to a new republic he proposed for the area south of the lake. Métis leader Louis Riel also chose the name, and it was accepted in Ottawa under the Manitoba Act of 1870.[7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Manitoba
አማርኛ: ማኒቶባ
Ænglisc: Manitoba
العربية: مانيتوبا
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܐܢܝܛܘܒܐ
asturianu: Manitoba
Atikamekw: Manitoba
azərbaycanca: Manitoba
Bân-lâm-gú: Manitoba
беларуская: Манітоба
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Манітоба
български: Манитоба
Boarisch: Manitoba
bosanski: Manitoba
brezhoneg: Manitoba
буряад: Манитоба
català: Manitoba
Cebuano: Manitoba
čeština: Manitoba
corsu: Manitoba
Cymraeg: Manitoba
dansk: Manitoba
Deitsch: Manitobaa
Deutsch: Manitoba
Ελληνικά: Μανιτόμπα
español: Manitoba
Esperanto: Manitobo
euskara: Manitoba
فارسی: منیتوبا
føroyskt: Manitoba
français: Manitoba
Frysk: Manitoba
Gaeilge: Manitoba
Gaelg: Manitoba
Gàidhlig: Manitoba
galego: Manitoba
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Manitoba-sén
한국어: 매니토바주
हिन्दी: मैनिटोबा
hrvatski: Manitoba
Bahasa Indonesia: Manitoba
Interlingue: Manitoba
íslenska: Manitoba
italiano: Manitoba
עברית: מניטובה
kalaallisut: Manitoba
Kapampangan: Manitoba
ქართული: მანიტობა
қазақша: Манитоба
kernowek: Manitoba
Kiswahili: Manitoba
Ladino: Manitova
Latina: Manitoba
latviešu: Manitoba
Lëtzebuergesch: Manitoba
lietuvių: Manitoba
Ligure: Manitoba
magyar: Manitoba
македонски: Манитоба
മലയാളം: മനിറ്റോബ
मराठी: मॅनिटोबा
მარგალური: მანიტობა
Bahasa Melayu: Manitoba
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Manitoba
монгол: Манитоба
Nederlands: Manitoba
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᒪᓂᑐᐸ
日本語: マニトバ州
Nordfriisk: Manitoba
norsk: Manitoba
norsk nynorsk: Manitoba
occitan: Manitòba
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Manitoba (Kanada)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਾਨੀਟੋਬਾ
پنجابی: مانیٹوبا
Papiamentu: Manitoba
Piemontèis: Manitòba
polski: Manitoba
português: Manitoba
română: Manitoba
русский: Манитоба
саха тыла: Манитоба
sardu: Manitoba
Scots: Manitoba
shqip: Manitoba
Simple English: Manitoba
slovenčina: Manitoba
slovenščina: Manitoba
српски / srpski: Манитоба
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Manitoba
suomi: Manitoba
svenska: Manitoba
Tagalog: Manitoba
Türkçe: Manitoba
українська: Манітоба
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Manitoba Ölkisi
vèneto: Manitoba
Tiếng Việt: Manitoba
Volapük: Manitoba
Võro: Manitoba
walon: Manitoba
文言: 緬尼托巴
Winaray: Manitoba
ייִדיש: מאניטאבא
粵語: 緬尼吐巴
Zazaki: Manitoba
žemaitėška: Manitoba