Manhattan

Manhattan

New York County, New York
Midtown Manhattan facing south toward Lower Manhattan
Flag of Manhattan
Flag
Etymology: Lenape: Manaháhtaan (the place where we get bows)
Nickname(s): 
The City[1]
Interactive map outlining Manhattan
Location within the state of New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°47′N 73°58′W / 40°47′N 73°58′W / 40.783; -73.967UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Code format
100xx, 101xx, 102xx
Area code212/646/332, 917[a]
GDP (2015)US$630 billion[4] · Manhattan Borough President

Manhattan (n-/), (or the City),[1] is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City, coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U.S. state of New York. Manhattan serves as the city's economic and administrative center, cultural identifier,[5] and historical birthplace.[6] The borough consists mostly of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers; several small adjacent islands; and Marble Hill, a small neighborhood now on the U.S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower, Midtown, and Upper Manhattan.

Manhattan has been described as the cultural, financial, media, and entertainment capital of the world,[7][8][9][10] and the borough hosts the United Nations Headquarters.[11] Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world,[12][13][14][15][16][17] and Manhattan is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization: the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[18][19] Many multinational media conglomerates are based in Manhattan, and the borough has been the setting for numerous books, films, and television shows. Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013;[6][20] median residential property sale prices in Manhattan approximated US$1,600 per square foot ($17,000/m2) as of 2018,[21] with Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan commanding the highest retail rents in the world, at US$3,000 per square foot ($32,000/m2) in 2017.[22]

Manhattan traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan; the post was named New Amsterdam in 1626. Manhattan is historically documented to have been purchased by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for 60 guilders, which equals roughly $1038 in current terms.[23][24][25] The territory and its surroundings came under English control in 1664[25] and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.[26] New York, based in present-day Manhattan, served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790.[27] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries[28] and is a world symbol of the United States and its ideals of liberty and peace.[29] Manhattan became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898.

New York County is the United States' second-smallest county by land area (larger only than Kalawao County, Hawaii), and is also the most densely populated U.S. county.[30] It is also one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 1,664,727[2][31] living in a land area of 22.83 square miles (59.13 km2),[32] or 72,918 residents per square mile (28,154/km2), higher than the density of any individual U.S. city.[33] On business days, the influx of commuters increases this number to over 3.9 million,[34] or more than 170,000 people per square mile (65,600/km2). Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York City's five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, and is the smallest borough in terms of land area.[35]

Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan are well known, as New York City received a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017,[36] and Manhattan hosts three of the world's 10 most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, and Grand Central Terminal.[37] The borough hosts many prominent bridges, such as the Brooklyn Bridge and the Williamsburg Bridge; tunnels such as the Holland Tunnel; skyscrapers such as the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building;[38] and parks, such as Central Park. Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere,[39] and the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement.[40][41] The City of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan,[6] and the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of the city's government.[42] Numerous colleges and universities are located in Manhattan,[43] including Columbia University, New York University, Cornell Tech, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the world.[44][45]

New York City's five boroughs
JurisdictionPopulationGross Domestic ProductLand areaDensity
BoroughCountyEstimate
(2017)[46]
billions
(US$)[47]
per capita
(US$)
square
miles
square
km
persons /
sq. mi
persons /
sq. km
Bronx
1,471,16028.78719,57042.10109.0434,65313,231
Kings
2,648,77163.30323,90070.82183.4237,13714,649
New York
1,664,727629.682378,25022.8359.1372,03327,826
Queens
2,358,58273.84231,310108.53281.0921,4608,354
Richmond
479,45811.24923,46058.37151.188,1123,132
8,622,698806.86393,574302.64783.8328,18810,947
19,849,3991,547.11678,35447,214122,284416.4159
Sources:[48] and see individual borough articles

Etymology

The name Manhattan derives from the Munsee dialect of the Lenape language 'manaháhtaan' (where 'manah-' means "gather", '-aht-' means "bow" and '-aan' is an abstract element used to form verb stems). The Lenape word has been translated as "the place where we get bows" or "place for gathering the (wood to make) bows". According to a Munsee tradition recorded in the 19th century, the island was named so for a grove of hickory trees at the lower end that was considered ideal for the making of bows. It was first recorded in writing as Manna-hata, in the 1609 logbook of Robert Juet, an officer on Henry Hudson's yacht Halve Maen (Half Moon).[49] A 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River (later named the Hudson River). Alternative folk etymologies include "island of many hills",[50] "the island where we all became intoxicated" and simply "island", as well as a phrase descriptive of the whirlpool at Hell Gate.[51]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Manhattan
العربية: مانهاتن
asturianu: Manhattan
azərbaycanca: Manhetten
تۆرکجه: منهتن
Bân-lâm-gú: Manhattan
беларуская: Манхэтэн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мангэтан
български: Манхатън
Boarisch: Manhattan
bosanski: Manhattan
brezhoneg: Manhattan
català: Manhattan
čeština: Manhattan
Cymraeg: Manhattan
dansk: Manhattan
Deutsch: Manhattan
eesti: Manhattan
Ελληνικά: Μανχάταν
español: Manhattan
Esperanto: Manhatano
euskara: Manhattan
فارسی: منهتن
føroyskt: Manhattan
français: Manhattan
Gaeilge: Manhattan
galego: Manhattan
ગુજરાતી: મેનહટન
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Manhattan
한국어: 맨해튼
հայերեն: Մանհեթեն
हिन्दी: मैनहटन
hrvatski: Manhattan
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: নিউ ইয়র্ক কাউন্টি, নিউ ইয়র্ক
Bahasa Indonesia: Manhattan
interlingua: Manhattan
íslenska: Manhattan
italiano: Manhattan
עברית: מנהטן
ქართული: მანჰეტენი
қазақша: Манхэттен
Kiswahili: Manhattan
Latina: Manhata
latviešu: Manhatana
lietuvių: Manhatanas
Limburgs: Manhattan
македонски: Менхетн
മലയാളം: മാൻഹാട്ടൻ
मराठी: मॅनहॅटन
მარგალური: მანჰეტენი
Bahasa Melayu: Manhattan
Dorerin Naoero: Manhattan
norsk: Manhattan
norsk nynorsk: Manhattan
occitan: Manhattan
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Manhattan
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੈਨਹੈਟਨ
پنجابی: مینہیٹن
Papiamentu: Manhattan
پښتو: منهټن
polski: Manhattan
português: Manhattan
română: Manhattan
русский: Манхэттен
Scots: Manhattan
Seeltersk: Manhattan
shqip: Manhattan
sicilianu: Manhattan
Simple English: Manhattan
slovenčina: Manhattan
slovenščina: Manhattan
ślůnski: Manhattan
српски / srpski: Менхетн
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Manhattan
suomi: Manhattan
svenska: Manhattan
Tagalog: Manhattan
తెలుగు: మాన్హాటన్
Türkçe: Manhattan
українська: Мангеттен
اردو: مینہیٹن
Tiếng Việt: Manhattan
Winaray: Manhattan
吴语: 曼哈顿
ייִדיש: מאנהעטן
Yorùbá: Manhattan
粵語: 曼克頓
Zazaki: Manhattan
中文: 曼哈頓