Mandarin orange

Mandarin orange
Citrus reticulata April 2013 Nordbaden.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Rutaceae
Genus:Citrus
Species:
C. reticulata
Binomial name
Citrus reticulata
Blanco, 1837

The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata), also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges, usually eaten plain or in fruit salads. Specifically reddish-orange mandarin cultivars can be marketed as tangerines, but this is not a botanical classification.

Mandarins are smaller and oblate, rather than spherical like the common oranges (which are a mandarin hybrid). The taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger.[1] A ripe mandarin is firm to slightly soft, heavy for its size, and pebbly-skinned. The peel is very thin, with very little bitter white mesocarp,[2] so they are usually easier to peel and to split into segments. Hybrids generally have these traits to a lesser degree.

The mandarin orange tree is more drought-tolerant than the fruit. The mandarin is tender and is damaged easily by cold. It can be grown in tropical and subtropical areas.

According to molecular studies,[3] the mandarin, the citron, the pomelo, and to a lesser extent the papedas and kumquat, were the ancestors of most other commercial citrus varieties, through breeding or natural hybridization; mandarins are therefore important as the only sweet fruit among the parental species. Though some mandarin cultivars remain pure, most have some degree of pomelo hybridization, while in some cases the amount of pomelo is substantial.

Biological description

Mandarin oranges in a mesh bag

Citrus reticulata is a moderate-sized tree[4] usually not exceeding 4 m (13 ft) in height; however, a 30-year-old tree can reach 5 metres (16 ft) (such a tree can yield some 5–7 thousand fruits).[5] The tree generally has thorns.[6]

The leaves are shiny and green,[6] rather small.[4] The petioles are short, almost wingless[4] or slightly winged.

The flowers are borne singly or in small groups in the leaf-axils.[6]

Citrus are usually self-fertile (needing only a bee to move pollen within the same flower) or parthenocarpic (not needing pollination and therefore seedless, such as the satsuma).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mandaryn
العربية: يوسفي (فاكهة)
azərbaycanca: Naringi
تۆرکجه: نارینگی
বাংলা: কমলা লেবু
Bân-lâm-gú: Kam-á
башҡортса: Мандарин
беларуская: Мандарын
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мандарын
български: Мандарина
bosanski: Mandarina
català: Mandariner
Cymraeg: Oren Mandarin
Deutsch: Mandarine
dolnoserbski: Mandarinowy bom
Ελληνικά: Μανταρίνι
Esperanto: Mandarinujo
euskara: Mandarinondo
français: Mandarinier
Gaeilge: Mandairín
galego: Mandarineiro
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kit-é
հայերեն: Մանդարին
hornjoserbsce: Mandarinowc
hrvatski: Mandarina
Bahasa Hulontalo: Limu
Bahasa Indonesia: Jeruk keprok
íslenska: Mandarína
עברית: מנדרינה
Kapampangan: Dalangita
ქართული: მანდარინი
қазақша: Мандарин
Kinyarwanda: Mandarine
Kiswahili: Chenza
кырык мары: Мандарин
лакку: Мандарин
latviešu: Mandarīns
მარგალური: მანდარინი
Bahasa Melayu: Limau mandarin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gék
Nederlands: Mandarijn (vrucht)
norsk nynorsk: Mandarin
Перем Коми: Мандарин
português: Tangerina
română: Mandarin
русский: Мандарин
саха тыла: Мандарин
sardu: Mandarinu
shqip: Mandarina
Simple English: Mandarin orange
slovenčina: Mandarínkovník
slovenščina: Mandarina
српски / srpski: Мандарина
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mandarina
Basa Sunda: Jeruk Keprok
suomi: Mandariini
svenska: Småcitrus
Tagalog: Dalanghita
తెలుగు: కమలాపండు
Türkçe: Mandalina
удмурт: Мандарин
українська: Мандарин
Tiếng Việt: Quýt hồng
吴语:
粵語:
中文: