Mandarin orange

Mandarin orange
Citrus reticulata April 2013 Nordbaden.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Rutaceae
Genus:Citrus
Species:
C. reticulata
Binomial name
Citrus reticulata
Blanco, 1837

The mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata), also known as the mandarin or mandarine, is a small citrus tree with fruit resembling other oranges, usually eaten plain or in fruit salads.[1] Reddish-orange mandarin cultivars can be marketed as tangerines, but this is not a botanical classification.

Mandarins are smaller and oblate, rather than spherical, like the common oranges (which are a mandarin hybrid).[1] The taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger.[2] A ripe mandarin is firm to slightly soft, heavy for its size, and pebbly-skinned. The peel is thin, with little white mesocarp,[3] so they are usually easier to peel and to split into segments.[1] Hybrids generally have these traits to a lesser degree. The mandarin is tender and is damaged easily by cold. It can be grown in tropical and subtropical areas.[1][2]

According to genetic studies, the mandarin, the citron, pomelo, papedas, and kumquat, were ancestors of citrus varieties, and through breeding or natural hybridization, were developed as a sweet fruit among the parental species.[2][4] A major commercial variety, commonly classified as a tangerine, is called the Clementine[1] which resulted as a chance hybrid attributed to Father Clement Rodier in 1902.[5]

Etymology

Citrus reticulata is from Latin, where reticulata means "netted".[5] The name mandarin orange is a calque of Swedish mandarin apelsin (apelsin from German Apfelsine=Apfel+Sino means chinese apple), first attested in the 18th century. The form "mandarine" derives from the French name for this fruit. The reason for the epithet "mandarin" is not clear; it may relate to the yellow colour of some robes worn by mandarin dignitaries.[6][7]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mandaryn
العربية: يوسفي (فاكهة)
azərbaycanca: Naringi
تۆرکجه: نارینگی
বাংলা: কমলা লেবু
Bân-lâm-gú: Kam-á
башҡортса: Мандарин
беларуская: Мандарын
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мандарын
български: Мандарина
bosanski: Mandarina
català: Mandariner
Cymraeg: Oren Mandarin
Deutsch: Mandarine
dolnoserbski: Mandarinowy bom
Ελληνικά: Μανταρίνι
Esperanto: Mandarinujo
euskara: Mandarinondo
français: Mandarinier
Gaeilge: Mandairín
galego: Mandarineira
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kit-é
հայերեն: Մանդարին
hornjoserbsce: Mandarinowc
hrvatski: Mandarina
Bahasa Hulontalo: Limu
Bahasa Indonesia: Jeruk keprok
íslenska: Mandarína
עברית: מנדרינה
Kapampangan: Dalangita
ქართული: მანდარინი
қазақша: Мандарин
Kinyarwanda: Mandarine
Kiswahili: Chenza
кырык мары: Мандарин
лакку: Мандарин
latviešu: Mandarīns
მარგალური: მანდარინი
Bahasa Melayu: Limau mandarin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gék
Nederlands: Mandarijn (vrucht)
norsk nynorsk: Mandarin
Перем Коми: Мандарин
português: Tangerina
română: Mandarin
русский: Мандарин
саха тыла: Мандарин
sardu: Mandarinu
shqip: Mandarina
Simple English: Mandarin orange
slovenčina: Mandarínkovník
slovenščina: Mandarina
српски / srpski: Мандарина
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mandarina
Basa Sunda: Jeruk Keprok
suomi: Mandariini
svenska: Småcitrus
Tagalog: Dalanghita
తెలుగు: కమలాపండు
Türkçe: Mandalina
удмурт: Мандарин
українська: Мандарин
Tiếng Việt: Quýt hồng
吴语:
粵語:
中文: