Maluku Islands

Kepulauan Maluku
Moluccas
Maluku Islands en.png
Geography
LocationOceania
Coordinates3°9′S 129°23′E / 3°9′S 129°23′E / -3.150; 129.383
Total islands~1000
Major islandsHalmahera, Seram, Buru, Ambon, Ternate, Tidore, Aru Islands, Kai Islands, Lucipara Islands
Area74,505 km2 (28,767 sq mi)
Highest elevation3,027 m (9,931 ft)
Highest pointBinaiya
Administration
Indonesia
ProvincesMaluku, North Maluku
Largest settlementAmbon
Demographics
Population1,895,000 (2000)
Ethnic groupsAlfur, Nuaulu, European, Middle Eastern (Mainly Arabian and Jewish),[citation needed] Melanesian, Bugis

The Maluku Islands or the Moluccas (z/) are an archipelago within Banda Sea, Indonesia. Tectonically they are located on the Halmahera Plate within the Molucca Sea Collision Zone. Geographically they are located east of Sulawesi, west of New Guinea, and north and east of Timor.

The islands were known as the Spice Islands due to the nutmeg, mace and cloves that were originally exclusively found there, the presence of which sparked colonial interest from Europe in the 16th century.[1]

The Maluku Islands formed a single province from Indonesian independence until 1999, when it was split into two provinces. A new province, North Maluku, incorporates the area between Morotai and Sula, with the arc of islands from Buru and Seram to Wetar remaining within the existing Maluku Province. North Maluku is predominantly Muslim, and its capital is Sofifi on Halmahera island. Maluku province has a larger Christian population, and its capital is Ambon. Though originally Melanesian,[2] many island populations, especially in the Banda Islands, were exterminated in the 17th century during the spice wars. A second influx immigrants primarily from Java began in the early twentieth century under the Dutch and continues in the Indonesian era.

Between 1999 and 2002, conflict between Muslims and Christians killed thousands and displaced half a million people.

Etymology

The name Maluku is thought to have been derived from the term used by Arab traders for the region, Jazirat al-Moluk ("the island of the kings"), from the word malik (pl. moluk).[3] However, since the name itself has been mentioned in a 14th-century Majapahit eulogy, Nagarakretagama, that predates the arrival of Islam in Maluku at the late fifteenth century, other sources claim that the name comes from a local language with the meaning the head of a bull or the head of something large.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Molukke
العربية: جزر الملوك
asturianu: Islles Moluques
Bân-lâm-gú: Maluku Kûn-tó
Basa Banyumasan: Kepulauan Maluku
беларуская: Малукскія астравы
bosanski: Molučka ostrva
brezhoneg: Inizi Maluku
català: Moluques
čeština: Moluky
Cymraeg: Maluku
dansk: Molukkerne
Deutsch: Molukken
Ελληνικά: Μολούκες
español: Islas Molucas
Esperanto: Molukoj
euskara: Molukak
français: Moluques
Frysk: Molukken
Gaeilge: Na Molacaí
galego: Molucas
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Maluku Khiùn-tó
한국어: 말루쿠 제도
hrvatski: Molučki otoci
Bahasa Indonesia: Kepulauan Maluku
íslenska: Mólúkkaeyjar
italiano: Molucche
Basa Jawa: Kapuloan Maluku
Kapampangan: Maluku Islands
latviešu: Moluku salas
lietuvių: Molukų salos
lumbaart: Maluku
მარგალური: მოლუკიშ კოკეფი
Bahasa Melayu: Kepulauan Maluku
Baso Minangkabau: Kapulauan Maluku
Nāhuatl: Malucca
Nederlands: Molukken
Nedersaksies: Molukken
norsk: Molukkene
norsk nynorsk: Molukkane
occitan: Molucas
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Molukka orollari
پنجابی: ملوکو جزیرے
Piemontèis: Moluche
polski: Moluki
português: Ilhas Molucas
română: Insulele Moluce
Gagana Samoa: Maluku Islands
sicilianu: Molucche
Simple English: Maluku Islands
slovenčina: Moluky
српски / srpski: Молучка острва
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Maluku Otoci
Basa Sunda: Kapuloan Maluku
suomi: Molukit
svenska: Moluckerna
тоҷикӣ: Молукка
Türkçe: Maluku Adaları
Tiếng Việt: Quần đảo Maluku