NaviesArmiesAir forces
Commissioned officers
Admiral of
the fleet
Field marshal or
General of the Army
Marshal of
the air force
AdmiralGeneralAir chief marshal
Vice admiralLieutenant generalAir marshal
Rear admiralMajor generalAir vice-marshal
CommodoreBrigadier or
brigadier general
Air commodore
CaptainColonelGroup captain
CommanderLieutenant colonelWing commander
Major or
Squadron leader
LieutenantCaptainFlight lieutenant
junior grade
Lieutenant or
first lieutenant
Flying officer
Ensign or
Second lieutenantPilot officer
Officer cadetOfficer cadetFlight cadet
Enlisted grades
Master chief petty officer
of the navy
Sergeant major
of the army
Chief master sergeant
of the air force
Warrant officer or
master chief petty officer
Warrant officer or
sergeant major or
command sergeant major
Warrant officer or
chief master sergeant
Petty officer or
chief petty officer
Sergeant or
staff sergeant or
gunnery sergeant or
master sergeant
Sergeant or
staff sergeant or
technical sergeant or
master sergeant
Leading seamanCorporal or
Corporal or
senior airman
Seaman or
seaman recruit or
seaman apprentice
Private or
gunner or
Aircraftman or
airman or
airman basic

Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world.


When used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to that of an army captain, and one rank subordinate or below the rank of lieutenant colonel. It is considered the most junior of the field officer ranks.[1]

Majors are typically assigned as specialised executive or operations officers for battalion-sized units of 300 to 1,200 soldiers.[citation needed] In some militaries, notably France and Ireland, the rank of major is referred to as commandant, while in others it is known as captain-major.[citation needed]

When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including general-major or major general, denoting a low-level general officer, and sergeant major, denoting the most senior non-commissioned officer (NCO) of a military unit.[disputed ][citation needed] The term major can also be used with a hyphen to denote the leader of a military band such as in pipe-major or drum-major.

Historically, the rank designation develops in English in the 1640s, taken from French majeur, in turn a shortening of sergent-majeur, which at the time designated a higher rank than at present.[citation needed]

The rank of major is also used in some police forces and other paramilitary rank structures, such as the Pennsylvania State Police, New York State Police, New Jersey State Police, and several others.[citation needed] As with a military major, this rank is most commonly the next rank above captain. The rank is equivalent to an inspector or commander in other large police departments or to the UK rank of superintendent.[citation needed]

Other Languages
asturianu: Mayor
azərbaycanca: Mayor
বাংলা: মেজর
башҡортса: Майор
беларуская: Маёр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Маёр
български: Майор
bosanski: Major
čeština: Major
dansk: Major
Deutsch: Major
eesti: Major
Ελληνικά: Ταγματάρχης
español: Mayor
Esperanto: Majoro
فارسی: سرگرد
français: Major
Frysk: Majoar
galego: Comandante
한국어: 소령
hrvatski: Bojnik
Bahasa Indonesia: Mayor
italiano: Maggiore
עברית: מייג'ור
Jawa: Mayor
ქართული: მაიორი
Kiswahili: Meja
kurdî: Serdar
Кыргызча: Миң башы
latviešu: Majors
lietuvių: Majoras
македонски: Мајор
Bahasa Melayu: Mejar
монгол: Хошууч
Nederlands: Majoor
नेपाली: सेनानी
日本語: 少佐
нохчийн: Майор
norsk: Major
norsk nynorsk: Major
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mayor
polski: Major
português: Major
русский: Майор
Scots: Major
shqip: Major
Simple English: Major
slovenčina: Major
slovenščina: Major
српски / srpski: Мајор
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Major
suomi: Majuri
svenska: Major
татарча/tatarça: Майор
тоҷикӣ: Саргурд
Türkçe: Binbaşı
українська: Майор
Tiếng Việt: Thiếu tá
粵語: 少校
中文: 少校