Mainz

Mainz
Mainz Old Town view from the citadel (November 2003)
Mainz Old Town view from the citadel (November 2003)
Coat of arms of Mainz
Coat of arms
Mainz is located in Germany
Mainz
Mainz
Coordinates: 50°0′N 8°16′E / 50°0′N 8°16′E / 50.000; 8.267
Dialling codes06131, 06136
www.mainz.de
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden

Mainz (s/; German: [maɪ̯nt͡s] (About this sound listen); Latin: Mogontiacum, French: Mayence) is the capital and largest city of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The city is located on the Rhine river at its confluence with the Main river, opposite Wiesbaden on the border with Hesse. Mainz is an independent city with a population of 206,628 (2015) and forms part of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region.[2]

Mainz was founded by the Romans in the 1st Century BC during the Classical antiquity era, serving as a military fortress on the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire and as the provincial capital of Germania Superior. Mainz became an important city in the 8th Century AD as part of the Holy Roman Empire, becoming the capital of the Electorate of Mainz and seat of the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz, the Primate of Germany. Mainz is famous as the home of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the movable-type printing press, who in the early 1450s manufactured his first books in the city, including the Gutenberg Bible. Historically, before the 20th century, the city was known in English as Mentz and in French as Mayence.[3] Mainz was heavily damaged during World War II, with more than 30 air raids destroying about 80 percent of the city's center, including most of the historic buildings. Today, Mainz is a transport hub and a center of wine production.

Geography

Topography

Mainz is located on the 50th latitude, on the left bank of the river Rhine, opposite the confluence of the Main with the Rhine. The population in the early 2012 was 200,957, an additional 18,619 people maintain a primary residence elsewhere but have a second home in Mainz. The city is part of the Rhein Metro area comprising 5.8 million people. Mainz can easily be reached from Frankfurt International Airport in 25 minutes by commuter railway (Line S8).

View north along the Rhine with the old Winterhafen in the lower left, the other port facilities further north
50th latitude on the Gutenbergplatz

Mainz is a river port city as the Rhine which connects with its main tributaries, such as the Neckar, the Main and, later, the Moselle and thereby continental Europe with the Port of Rotterdam and thus the North Sea. Mainz's history and economy are closely tied to its proximity to the Rhine historically handling much of the region's waterborne cargo. Today's huge container port hub allowing trimodal transport is located on the North Side of the town. The river also provides another positive effect, moderating Mainz's climate; making waterfront neighborhoods slightly warmer in winter and cooler in summer.

After the last ice age, sand dunes were deposited in the Rhine valley at what was to become the western edge of the city. The Mainz Sand Dunes area is now a nature reserve with a unique landscape and rare steppe vegetation for this area.

While the Mainz legion camp was founded in 13/12 BC on the Kästrich hill, the associated vici and canabae were erected in direction to the Rhine. Historical sources and archaeological findings both prove the importance of the military and civilian Mogontiacum as a port city on the Rhine.[4]

Climate

Mainz experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb).

Climate data for Mainz
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.3
(41.5)
9.7
(49.5)
14.2
(57.6)
19
(66)
22
(71.6)
24
(75)
23.6
(74.5)
20.1
(68.2)
14.3
(57.7)
8
(46)
4.5
(40.1)
14
(57.2)
Average low °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.9
(35.4)
4.8
(40.6)
8.7
(47.7)
11.9
(53.4)
13.4
(56.1)
13.2
(55.8)
10.3
(50.5)
6.6
(43.9)
2.5
(36.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
5.9
(42.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
36
(1.4)
38
(1.5)
38
(1.5)
50
(2)
58
(2.3)
56
(2.2)
53
(2.1)
41
(1.6)
43
(1.7)
48
(1.9)
46
(1.8)
546
(21.5)
Source: Intellicast[5]
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Mainz
Alemannisch: Mainz
አማርኛ: ማይንጽ
العربية: ماينتس
aragonés: Maganza
asturianu: Maguncia
Aymar aru: Mainz
azərbaycanca: Mayns
تۆرکجه: ماینتس
Bân-lâm-gú: Mainz
беларуская: Майнц
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Майнц
български: Майнц
Boarisch: Mainz
bosanski: Mainz
brezhoneg: Mainz
català: Magúncia
čeština: Mohuč
Cymraeg: Mainz
dansk: Mainz
Deitsch: Meenz
Deutsch: Mainz
dolnoserbski: Mainz
eesti: Mainz
Ελληνικά: Μάιντς
español: Maguncia
Esperanto: Majenco
euskara: Mainz
فارسی: ماینتس
français: Mayence
Frysk: Mainz
Gaeilge: Mainz
Gàidhlig: Mainz
galego: Maguncia
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌼𐌰𐌴𐌹𐌽𐍄𐌶
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Mainz
한국어: 마인츠
հայերեն: Մայնց
हिन्दी: मैन्ज़
hornjoserbsce: Mohuč
hrvatski: Mainz
Ido: Mainz
Bahasa Indonesia: Mainz
Interlingue: Mainz
íslenska: Mainz
italiano: Magonza
עברית: מיינץ
ქართული: მაინცი
қазақша: Майнц
kernowek: Mainz
Kiswahili: Mainz
Kongo: Mainz
kurdî: Mainz
Кыргызча: Майнц
Latina: Moguntiacum
latviešu: Mainca
Lëtzebuergesch: Mainz
lietuvių: Maincas
Ligure: Mainz
lumbaart: Magunza
magyar: Mainz
македонски: Мајнц
मराठी: माइंत्स
Bahasa Melayu: Mainz
монгол: Майнц
Nederlands: Mainz
日本語: マインツ
нохчийн: Майнц
Nordfriisk: Mainz
norsk: Mainz
norsk nynorsk: Mainz
occitan: Maiança
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Mainz
Pälzisch: Mainz
پنجابی: مائنز
Plattdüütsch: Mainz
polski: Moguncja
português: Mainz
română: Mainz
rumantsch: Magonza
Runa Simi: Mainz
русский: Майнц
Scots: Mainz
Seeltersk: Mainz
shqip: Majnci
sicilianu: Magonza
Simple English: Mainz
slovenčina: Mainz
slovenščina: Mainz
ślůnski: Mainz
کوردی: ماینتس
српски / srpski: Мајнц
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Mainz
suomi: Mainz
svenska: Mainz
Tagalog: Mainz
татарча/tatarça: Майнц
Türkçe: Mainz
українська: Майнц
اردو: مینز
vepsän kel’: Mainc
Tiếng Việt: Mainz
Volapük: Mainz
Winaray: Mainz
吴语: 美因茨
ייִדיש: מיינץ
Yorùbá: Mainz
粵語: 緬恩斯
中文: 美因茨