Mahi Kantha Agency

Mahi Kantha Agency
Agency of British India
1820–1933
Location of Mahi Kantha Agency
Mahi Kantha Agency in Gujarat
CapitalSadra
History
 • Established1820
 • Formation of the Western India States Agency1933
Area
 • 19018,094 km2 (3,125 sq mi)
Population
 • 1901361,545 
Density44.7 /km2  (115.7 /sq mi)

Mahi Kantha was a political agency or collection of princely states in British India, within the Gujarat Division of Bombay Presidency. In 1933, the states of the Mahi Kantha Agency, except for Danta, were included in the Western India States Agency.[1] The total area of the agency was 8,094 km2 (3,125 sq mi); the population in 1901 was 361,545.

History

The states came within the British sphere of influence after the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803–1805. In 1811, when the Maratha power was declining, the British Government stipulated to collect and pay over to the ruler of Baroda the yearly tribute of the Mahi Kantha states. In 1820 they finally took over the management of the whole territory, agreeing to collect and pay over the tribute free of expense to Baroda, while Baroda was pledged not to send troops into the country, or in any way to interfere with the administration. After a few disturbances in the 1830s, in 1857-8 and 1867, peace remained unbroken in the region until 1881, when the Bhils of Pol rose against their chief and extorted from him a settlement of their claims.[2]

The famine of 1899–1900 was severely felt in Mahi Kantha, and the population of the agency decreased by 38% in the decade 1891–1901 due to famine. Many of the inhabitants were Bhils and Kolis. In 1897 a metre-gauge railway was opened from Ahmedabad through Parantij near Ambliara State to Ahmednagar. At Sadra was the Scott College for the education of the sons of rulers on the lines of a British public school. There were also English language schools at Sadra, Idar and Mansa.

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