Magazine (artillery)

Colonial Williamsburg magazine of the eighteenth century in Virginia

Magazine is the name for an item or place within which ammunition or other explosive material is stored. It is taken originally from the Arabic word "makhāzin" (مخازن), meaning storehouses, via Italian and Middle French.[1][2][3]

The term is also used for a place where large quantities of ammunition are stored for later distribution, or an ammunition dump. This usage is less common.

Field magazines

A shell hoist within a fixed gun emplacement at Battery Moltke, used to lift ordnance from a room below

In the early history of tube artillery drawn by horses (and later by mechanized vehicles), ammunition was carried in separate unarmored wagons or vehicles. These soft-skinned vehicles were extremely vulnerable to enemy fire and to explosions caused by a weapons malfunction.

Therefore, as part of setting up an artillery battery, a designated place would be used to shelter the ready ammunition. In the case of batteries of towed artillery the temporary magazine would be placed, if possible, in a pit, or natural declivity, or surrounded by sandbags or earthworks. Circumstances might require the establishment of multiple field magazines so that one lucky hit or accident would not disable the entire battery.

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Magazine (artileri)
italiano: Polveriera
polski: Prochownia
português: Paiol
sardu: Bruvurera
中文: 弹药库