Macau

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區 (Chinese)
Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Oumún Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui (Cantonese Yale romanisation)
Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China  (Portuguese)
Anthem: "March of the Volunteers"
義勇軍進行曲
Yihyúhnggwān Jeunhàhngkūk
Marcha dos Voluntários
City flower
Nelumbo nucifera
蓮花
Līnfàa
Macau in China (zoomed) (extra close) (special marker) (+all claims hatched).svg
Macau on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg
Location of Macau
Official languagesa
Official scripts
Ethnic groups (2014)
DemonymMacanese
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary multi-party system within socialist republic
Fernando Chui
Sonia Chan
Lionel Leong
Wong Sio Chak
Ho Iat Seng
Sam Hou Fai
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
National representation
12 deputies (of 2,924)
29 delegates[2]
Special administrative region within the People's Republic of China
1557
1 December 1887
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
115.3 km2 (44.5 sq mi)
• Water (%)
73.7
Population
• 2016 census
650,900[3]
• Density
21,411/km2 (55,454.2/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$71.762 billion (96th)
• Per capita
$114,430 (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$50.361 billion (81st)
• Per capita
$77,451 (3rd)
HDI (2016)Increase 0.909c
very high · 17th
CurrencyMacanese pataca (MOP)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Macau Standard Time)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
yyyy年mm月dd日
Driving sideleft
Calling code+853
ISO 3166 codeMO
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Cantonese is the de facto standard.
  2. ^ For all government use, documents written using Traditional Chinese characters are authoritative over ones inscribed with Simplified Chinese characters. Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings.
  3. ^ The UN does not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI.[4]

Macau or Macao (/ (About this soundlisten); Chinese: 澳門, Cantonese: [ōu.mǔːn]; Portuguese: Macau), officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia. Along with Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, and several other major cities in Guangdong, the territory forms a core part of the Pearl River Delta metropolitan region. With a population of 650,900[3] in an area of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world.

Macau was formerly a colony of the Portuguese Empire, after Ming China leased the territory as a trading post in 1557. Originally governing under Chinese authority and sovereignty, Portugal was given perpetual occupation rights for Macau in 1887. Macau remained under Portuguese control until 1999, when it was returned to China. As a special administrative region, Macau maintains a separate political and economic system apart from mainland China.[5] The People's Republic of China's obligation to run Macau as a special administrative region per the Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau expires on 20 December 2049.

Macau is the gambling capital of the world.[6][7][8] Its economy is heavily dependent on gambling and tourism, with the largest gambling revenue since 2006.[9] It has a very high Human Development Index and the fourth-highest life expectancy in the world.[10][11] Macau is among the world's richest regions and its GDP per capita by purchasing power parity was higher than that of any country in the world.[12] In 2015, Macau was ranked as the No.1 of the Fastest Growing Metropolitan Areas in the world by Brookings Institution.[13]

Etymology

Macau
Macau (Chinese characters).svg
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese澳門
Simplified Chinese澳门
Literal meaningBay Gate
Macau Special Administrative Region
Traditional Chinese澳門特別行政區 (or 澳門特區)
Simplified Chinese澳门特别行政区 (or 澳门特区)
Portuguese name
PortugueseRegião Administrativa Especial de Macau
(for "Macau Special Administrative Region")
pronounced [ʁɨʒiˈɐ̃w̃ ɐdminiʃtɾɐˈtivɐ (ɨ)ʃpɨsiˈaɫ dɨ mɐˈkaw]

The present Chinese name (Chinese: 澳門; pinyin: Àomén; Cantonese Yale: Oumún) means "Bay Outlet". Macau is otherwise known in Chinese as Haojing (濠鏡, literally "Moat Mirror") or Jinghai (鏡海, literally "Mirror Sea").[14] The name Macau is thought to be derived from the A-Ma Temple (Chinese: 媽閣廟; pinyin: Māgé Miào; Cantonese Yale: Māgok Miuh), a temple built in 1448 dedicated to Mazu, the goddess of seafarers and fishermen.[15] More precisely, the name Macau corresponds to the Chinese name "媽港" (pinyin: Māgǎng), meaning "Mazu Harbor", and referring to the waters adjacent to the Ama Temple.[16]

Other Languages
Acèh: Makèë
Afrikaans: Macau
አማርኛ: ማካው
العربية: ماكاو
aragonés: Macau
অসমীয়া: মাকাও
asturianu: Macáu
azərbaycanca: Makao
تۆرکجه: ماکائو
বাংলা: মাকাও
Bân-lâm-gú: Ò-mn̂g
беларуская: Макаа
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Макао
Bikol Central: Macau
български: Макао
Boarisch: Macao
bosanski: Makao
brezhoneg: Makao
català: Macau
Чӑвашла: Макао
Cebuano: Macau
čeština: Macao
corsu: Macau
Cymraeg: Macau
dansk: Macao
Deutsch: Macau
ދިވެހިބަސް: މަކާއޫ
डोटेली: मकाउ
eesti: Macau
Ελληνικά: Μακάου
español: Macao
Esperanto: Makao
estremeñu: Macau
euskara: Macao
eʋegbe: Macau
فارسی: ماکائو
Fiji Hindi: Macau
føroyskt: Makao
français: Macao
Frysk: Makau
Gaeilge: Macau
Gagauz: Makao
Gàidhlig: Macau
galego: Macau
贛語: 澳門
Gĩkũyũ: Macau
ગુજરાતી: મકાઉ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Au-mùn
한국어: 마카오
Hausa: Macau
հայերեն: Մակաո
हिन्दी: मकाउ
hrvatski: Makao
Ido: Makau
Ilokano: Macau
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মাকাউ
Bahasa Indonesia: Makau
interlingua: Macao
Ирон: Макао
íslenska: Makaó
italiano: Macao
עברית: מקאו
Basa Jawa: Makau
Kabɩyɛ: Makaʊ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಕಾವು
Kapampangan: Macau
ქართული: მაკაო
қазақша: Макао
Kinyarwanda: Makawo
Kiswahili: Macau
Кыргызча: Макао
Ladino: Makao
لۊری شومالی: ماکائو
Latina: Macaum
latviešu: Makao
Lëtzebuergesch: Macau
лезги: Макао
lietuvių: Makao
Ligure: Macao
Limburgs: Macau
lingála: Makau
Lingua Franca Nova: Macau
magyar: Makaó
मैथिली: मकाउ
македонски: Макао
മലയാളം: മകൗ
मराठी: मकाओ
მარგალური: მაკაო
مصرى: ماكاو
مازِرونی: ماکائو
Bahasa Melayu: Makau
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ó̤-muòng
Mirandés: Macau
монгол: Макао
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မကာအို
Nederlands: Macau
नेपाली: मकाउ
日本語: マカオ
нохчийн: Макао
norsk: Macao
norsk nynorsk: Macao
Novial: Makau
occitan: Macau
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Makao
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਕਾਉ
پنجابی: مکاؤ
Patois: Makow
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ម៉ាកាវ
Picard: Macao
polski: Makau
português: Macau
Qaraqalpaqsha: Makao
română: Macao
Runa Simi: Macau
русский: Макао
sardu: Macau
Scots: Macau
shqip: Makao
sicilianu: Macau
සිංහල: මකාවෝ
Simple English: Macau
slovenčina: Macao
slovenščina: Macau
ślůnski: Makau
Soomaaliga: Makaw
کوردی: ماکاو
српски / srpski: Макао
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Makao
Basa Sunda: Makau
suomi: Macao
svenska: Macao
Tagalog: Macau
தமிழ்: மக்காவு
తెలుగు: మకావు
tetun: Makau
тоҷикӣ: Аомин
Türkçe: Makao
Türkmençe: Makao
українська: Аоминь
اردو: مکاؤ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاۋمېن
Vahcuengh: Aumwnz
Tiếng Việt: Ma Cao
文言: 澳門
Winaray: Macau
Wolof: Makaaw
吴语: 澳门
Yorùbá: Màkáù
粵語: 澳門
中文: 澳門