Macau

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

Chinese:中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區
Cantonese romanisation:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Oumún Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
Portuguese:Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Anthem: "March of the Volunteers"
義勇軍進行曲
Yihyúhnggwān Jeunhàhngkūk
Marcha dos Voluntários
City flower:
Nelumbo nucifera
蓮花
Līnfàa
lótus, flor-de-lótus, loto-índico, lótus-índico
Macau in China (zoomed) (extra close) (special marker) (+all claims hatched).svg
Macau on the globe (Southeast Asia centered).svg
Location of Macau
Official languages
Regional languageCantonese[a]
Official scriptsTraditional Chinese[b]
Portuguese orthography
Ethnic groups
(2016)
88.4% Chinese
4.6% Filipino
2.4% Vietnamese
1.8% Portuguese or Macanese
2.8% other[1]
Demonym(s)Macanese
GovernmentDevolved executive-led system within a socialist republic
Fernando Chui
Sonia Chan
Lionel Leong
Wong Sio Chak
Ho Iat Seng
Sam Hou Fai
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
National representation
12 deputies (of 2,924)
29 delegates[2]
Special administrative region within the People's Republic of China
1557
1 December 1887
26 March 1987
20 December 1999
Area
• Total
115.3 km2 (44.5 sq mi)
• Water (%)
73.7
Population
• 2017 estimate
653,100[3] (167th)
• Density
21,340/km2 (55,270.3/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2018[4] estimate
• Total
$78.1 billion (95th)
• Per capita
$118,098 (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2018[4] estimate
• Total
$53.9 billion (83rd)
• Per capita
$81,585 (3rd)
HDI (2016)Increase 0.909[c]
very high · 17th
CurrencyMacanese pataca (MOP)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Macau Standard Time)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
yyyy年mm月dd日
Driving sideleft
Calling code+853
ISO 3166 codeMO
Internet TLD

Macau or Macao (/ (About this soundlisten); 澳門, Cantonese: [ōu.mǔːn]; Portuguese: Macau [mɐˈkaw]), officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a special administrative region on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With a population of 653,100[3] and an area of 32.9 km2 (12.7 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world.

Macau was formerly a colony of the Portuguese Empire, after Ming China leased the territory as a trading post in 1557. Portugal governed the area under Chinese authority and sovereignty until 1887, when it was given perpetual occupation rights for Macau. The colony remained under Portuguese control until 1999, when it was returned to China. As a special administrative region, Macau's system of government is separate from that of mainland China.[6]

Originally a sparsely populated collection of coastal islands,[7] the territory has become a major resort city and the top destination for gambling tourism. It is the ninth-highest recipient of tourism revenue and its gaming industry is seven times larger than that of Las Vegas.[8] Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality.[9]

Macau has a very high Human Development Index[5] and the fourth-highest life expectancy in the world.[10] The territory is highly urbanised and most development is built on reclaimed land; two-thirds of total land area is reclaimed from the sea.[11]

Etymology

Macau
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese澳門
Simplified Chinese澳门
Literal meaningBay Gate
Macau Special Administrative Region
Traditional Chinese澳門特別行政區 (or 澳門特區)
Simplified Chinese澳门特别行政区 (or 澳门特区)
Portuguese name
PortugueseRegião Administrativa Especial de Macau
[ʁɨʒiˈɐ̃w̃ ɐdminiʃtɾɐˈtivɐ (ɨ)ʃpɨsiˈaɫ dɨ mɐˈkaw]

The first known written record of the name "Macau", rendered as "Ya/A Ma Gang" ("亞/阿-媽/馬-港"), is in a letter dated 20 November 1555. The local inhabitants believed that the sea goddess Mazu (alternatively called A-Ma) had blessed and protected the harbour and called the waters around A-Ma Temple using her name.[12] When Portuguese explorers first arrived in the area and asked for the place name, the locals thought they were asking about the temple and told them it was "Ma Kok" (媽閣).[13] The earliest Portuguese spelling for this was Amaquão. Multiple variations were used until Amacão / Amacao and Macão / Macao became common during the 17th century, gradually standardising as Macao, and Macau today.[12]

Macau Peninsula had many names in Chinese, including Jing'ao (井澳/鏡澳), Haojing (濠鏡), and Haojing'ao (濠鏡澳).[12][14] The islands Taipa, Coloane, and Hengqin were collectively called Shizimen (十字門). These names would later become Aomen (澳門), Oumún in Cantonese and translating as "bay gate" or "port gate", to refer to the whole territory.[14]

Other Languages
Acèh: Makèë
Afrikaans: Macau
አማርኛ: ማካው
العربية: ماكاو
aragonés: Macau
অসমীয়া: মাকাও
asturianu: Macáu
azərbaycanca: Makao
تۆرکجه: ماکائو
বাংলা: মাকাও
Bân-lâm-gú: Ò-mn̂g
беларуская: Макаа
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Макао
Bikol Central: Macau
български: Макао
Boarisch: Macao
bosanski: Makao
brezhoneg: Makao
català: Macau
Чӑвашла: Макао
Cebuano: Macau
čeština: Macao
corsu: Macau
Cymraeg: Macau
dansk: Macao
Deutsch: Macau
ދިވެހިބަސް: މަކާއޫ
डोटेली: मकाउ
eesti: Macau
Ελληνικά: Μακάου
español: Macao
Esperanto: Makao
estremeñu: Macau
euskara: Macao
eʋegbe: Macau
فارسی: ماکائو
Fiji Hindi: Macau
føroyskt: Makao
français: Macao
Frysk: Makau
Gaeilge: Macau
Gagauz: Makao
Gàidhlig: Macau
galego: Macau
贛語: 澳門
Gĩkũyũ: Macau
ગુજરાતી: મકાઉ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Au-mùn
한국어: 마카오
Hausa: Macau
հայերեն: Մակաո
हिन्दी: मकाउ
hrvatski: Makao
Ido: Makau
Ilokano: Macau
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মাকাউ
Bahasa Indonesia: Makau
interlingua: Macao
Ирон: Макао
íslenska: Makaó
italiano: Macao
עברית: מקאו
Jawa: Makau
Kabɩyɛ: Makaʊ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮಕಾವು
Kapampangan: Macau
ქართული: მაკაო
қазақша: Макао
Kinyarwanda: Makawo
Kiswahili: Macau
Кыргызча: Макао
Ladino: Makao
لۊری شومالی: ماکائو
Latina: Macaum
latviešu: Makao
Lëtzebuergesch: Macau
лезги: Макао
lietuvių: Makao
Ligure: Macao
Limburgs: Macau
lingála: Makau
Lingua Franca Nova: Macau
magyar: Makaó
मैथिली: मकाउ
македонски: Макао
മലയാളം: മകൗ
मराठी: मकाओ
მარგალური: მაკაო
مصرى: ماكاو
مازِرونی: ماکائو
Bahasa Melayu: Makau
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ó̤-muòng
Mirandés: Macau
монгол: Макао
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မကာအို
Nederlands: Macau
नेपाली: मकाउ
日本語: マカオ
нохчийн: Макао
norsk: Macao
norsk nynorsk: Macao
Novial: Makau
occitan: Macau
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Makao
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮਕਾਉ
پنجابی: مکاؤ
Patois: Makow
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ម៉ាកាវ
Picard: Macao
polski: Makau
português: Macau
Qaraqalpaqsha: Makao
română: Macao
Runa Simi: Macau
русский: Макао
sardu: Macau
Scots: Macau
shqip: Makao
sicilianu: Macau
සිංහල: මකාවෝ
Simple English: Macau
slovenčina: Macao
slovenščina: Macau
ślůnski: Makau
Soomaaliga: Makaw
کوردی: ماکاو
српски / srpski: Макао
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Makao
Basa Sunda: Makau
suomi: Macao
svenska: Macao
Tagalog: Macau
தமிழ்: மக்காவு
తెలుగు: మకావు
tetun: Makau
тоҷикӣ: Аомин
Türkçe: Makao
Türkmençe: Makao
українська: Аоминь
اردو: مکاؤ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاۋمېن
Vahcuengh: Aumwnz
Tiếng Việt: Ma Cao
文言: 澳門
Winaray: Macau
Wolof: Makaaw
吴语: 澳门
Yorùbá: Màkáù
粵語: 澳門
中文: 澳門