MBTA Commuter Rail

MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail and funding district map.svg
MBTA Commuter Rail system map
Reporting markMBTX
LocaleEastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island
Dates of operation1964 (beginning of MBTA subsidies)
1973 and 1976 (MBTA asset purchases)
1981 (full consolidation)–present
PredecessorBoston and Maine Railroad
New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad
New York Central Railroad
Penn Central Transportation Company
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length398 miles (641 km)

The MBTA Commuter Rail system serves as the commuter rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's transportation coverage of Greater Boston in the United States. Trains run over 398 miles of track to 137 different stations, with 58 stations on the north side with the remaining 79 stations on the south. It is operated under contract by Keolis, which took over operations on July 1, 2014 from the Massachusetts Bay Commuter Railroad Company (MBCR).

The system is the sixth-busiest commuter rail system in the U.S., behind the three New York areas, Chicago area, and Philadelphia area systems, and is tied for fifth-busiest with Philadelphia's SEPTA Regional Rail in terms of weekday ridership. The line's characteristic purple-trimmed coaches operate as far south as North Kingstown, Rhode Island, and as far north as Newburyport and as far west as Fitchburg, both in Massachusetts.

Trains originate at two major terminals in BostonSouth Station and North Station — both transportation hubs offering connections to Amtrak, local bus, intercity bus via South Station Bus Terminal, and subway lines, but with as yet no passenger rail infrastructure directly connecting them, other than the existing MBTA subway lines. MassDOT is currently[when?] entering into a study phase of the North–South Rail Link, which would provide a solution to the problem. In the second quarter of 2017, daily weekday ridership was 122,000.[1]

Current lines

No lines feed into both the North and South Stations.

MBTA Commuter Rail system, circa 2017

The following lines terminate at South Station (listed from southeast to west):[2]

The following lines terminate at North Station (listed from west to northeast):[2]