M. Stanley Whittingham

M. Stanley Whittingham
Born
Michael Stanley Whittingham

1941 (age 77–78)
Nottingham, England
NationalityBritish, American
EducationNew College, Oxford (BA, MA, DPhil)
Known forLithium-ion battery
AwardsNobel Prize in Chemistry (2019)
Scientific career
FieldsChemist
InstitutionsBinghamton University
Microbalance studies of some oxide systems (1968)
Doctoral advisorPeter Dickens
Other academic advisorsRobert Huggins (post-doc)

Michael Stanley Whittingham (born 1941) is a British-American chemist. He is currently a professor of chemistry and director of both the Institute for Materials Research and the Materials Science and Engineering program at Binghamton University, part of the State University of New York. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2019.[1][2]

Whittingham is a key figure in the history of the development of lithium batteries. He discovered the intercalation electrodes in 1970s for the first time and thoroughly described the concept of intercalation reaction for rechargeable batteries in the late of 1970s. He holds the original patents on the concept of the use of intercalation chemistry in high-power density, highly reversible lithium batteries. Therefore, he is called Founding Father of rechargeable lithium batteries.

Education and career

Whittingham was born in Nottingham, England, in 1941.[3] He was educated at Stamford School in Lincolnshire from 1951–1960, before going to New College, Oxford to read Chemistry. At the University of Oxford, he took his BA (1964), MA (1967), and DPhil (1968).[4] After completing his graduate studies, Whittingham was a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University.[5] He then worked for Exxon Research & Engineering Company for 16 years.[5] He then spent four years working for Schlumberger prior to becoming a professor at Binghamton University.[4]

From 1994 to 2000, he served as the University's vice provost for research.[3] He also served as Vice-Chair of the Research Foundation of the State University of New York for six years. He is currently a Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering at Binghamton University.[5] Whittingham was named chief scientific officer of NAATBatt International in 2017.[3]

Whittingham co-chaired the DOE study of Chemical Energy Storage in 2007[6], and is now Director of the Northeastern Center for Chemical Energy Storage (NECCES), a U.S. Department of Energy Energy Frontier Research (EFRC) Center at Binghamton University. In 2014, NECCES was awarded a $12.8 million, four-year grant from the Department of Energy to help accelerate scientific breakthroughs needed to build a new 21st-century economy. In 2018, NECCES was given another $3 million by the Department of Energy to continue its important research for two more years. The NECCES team is using the funding to make energy-storage materials work better and to develop new materials that are "cheaper, environmentally friendly, and able to store more energy than current materials can". [7]

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