Luleå, 2014
Luleå, 2014
Luleå is located in Norrbotten
Luleå is located in Sweden
Coordinates: 65°35′4″N 22°9′14″E / 65°35′4″N 22°9′14″E / 65.58444; 22.15389

Luleå (US: / OH,[3] Swedish: [ˈlʉːlɛɔ] (About this soundlisten), locally [ˈlʉːlɛ] (About this soundlisten); Westrobothnian: Lul, Leul, or Leol; Lule Sami: Luleju) is a city on the coast of northern Sweden, and the capital of Norrbotten County, the northernmost county in Sweden. Luleå has about 75,000 inhabitants and is the seat of Luleå Municipality (with a total population of 76,770).

Luleå has the seventh biggest harbor in Sweden for shipping goods.[4] It has a large steel industry and is a center for extensive research. Luleå University of Technology is one of Sweden’s three technology universities (the other two are KTH and Chalmers) and the northernmost university in Sweden.


An engraving of Luleå New Town from Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna. The most prominent buildings are the church and the town hall.

The town's Royal charter was granted in 1621 by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. The original town was situated where Gammelstad (Old Town) is situated today. The town had to be moved in 1649 to the current site, due to the post-glacial rebound that had made the bay too shallow for ships to enter.

The Gammelstad Church Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Gammelstad church

In 1805, Luleå only had 947 inhabitants, but in 1865 Luleå succeeded Piteå as the county town in Norrbotten county and now had around 1400 residents. In the 1860s the industries also started taking root in the city.

The town has been plagued by fires in 1653, 1657 and in 1887, and the fire in 1887 was a devastating fire that destroyed most of the town, sparing only a few buildings. The Neo-Gothic Cathedral (originally the Oscar Fredrik church), dedicated in 1893, standing at 67 meters (220 ft), is the tallest building in town.

Other Languages
العربية: لوليو
asturianu: Luleå
Bân-lâm-gú: Luleå
беларуская: Лулеа
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Люлеа
български: Люлео
brezhoneg: Luleå
català: Luleå
čeština: Luleå
dansk: Luleå
davvisámegiella: Luleju
Deutsch: Luleå
eesti: Luleå
español: Luleå
Esperanto: Luleå
euskara: Luleå
فارسی: لولئو
føroyskt: Luleå
français: Luleå
Frysk: Luleå
Gàidhlig: Luleå
galego: Luleå
한국어: 룰레오
hrvatski: Luleå
Bahasa Indonesia: Luleå
Ирон: Лулео
íslenska: Luleå
italiano: Luleå
עברית: לולאו
kalaallisut: Luleå
ქართული: ლულეო
kernowek: Luleå
Kiswahili: Luleå
кырык мары: Лулео
latviešu: Lūleo
lietuvių: Liuleo
magyar: Luleå
македонски: Лулео
Bahasa Melayu: Luleå
Baso Minangkabau: Luleå
Nederlands: Luleå (stad)
日本語: ルレオ
нохчийн: Лулео
Nordfriisk: Luleå
norsk: Luleå
norsk nynorsk: Luleå
پنجابی: للیہ
polski: Luleå
português: Luleå
română: Luleå
русский: Лулео
Scots: Luleå
shqip: Luleå
Simple English: Luleå
سنڌي: لوليو
slovenčina: Luleå
српски / srpski: Лулео
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Luleå
suomi: Luulaja
svenska: Luleå
татарча/tatarça: Лулео
Türkçe: Luleå
українська: Лулео
اردو: لولیو
Tiếng Việt: Luleå
Volapük: Luleå
Winaray: Luleå
中文: 呂勒奧