Louvre

  • louvre museum
    louvre museum wikimedia commons.jpg
    louvre is located in paris
    louvre
    location within paris
    established1793; 227 years ago (1793)
    locationmusée du louvre, 75001 paris, france
    coordinates48°51′40″n 2°20′11″e / 48°51′40″n 2°20′11″e / 48.86111; 2.33639
    typeart museum and historic site
    visitors9.6 million (2019)[1]
    • ranked 1st nationally
    • ranked 1st globally in 2018
    directorjean-luc martinez
    curatormarie-laure de rochebrune
    public transit access
    • palais royal – musée du louvre paris métro paris métro line 1 paris métro line 7
    • louvre-rivoli paris métro paris métro line 1
    websitewww.louvre.fr

    the louvre (english: ə)/ loov(-rə)[2]), or the louvre museum (french: musée du louvre [myze dy luvʁ] (about this soundlisten)), is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in paris, france. a central landmark of the city, it is located on the right bank of the seine in the city's 1st arrondissement (district or ward). approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 72,735 square meters (782,910 square feet).[3] in 2019, the louvre received 9.6 million visitors, making it the most visited art museum in the world. [1][4]

    the museum is housed in the louvre palace, originally built as the louvre castle in the late 12th to 13th century under philip ii. remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. due to urban expansion, the fortress eventually lost its defensive function, and in 1546 francis i converted it into the primary residence of the french kings.[5] the building was extended many times to form the present louvre palace. in 1682, louis xiv chose the palace of versailles for his household, leaving the louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of ancient greek and roman sculpture.[6] in 1692, the building was occupied by the académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres and the académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. the académie remained at the louvre for 100 years.[7] during the french revolution, the national assembly decreed that the louvre should be used as a museum to display the nation's masterpieces.

    the museum opened on 10 august 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. the collection was increased under napoleon and the museum was renamed musée napoléon, but after napoleon's abdication, many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. the collection was further increased during the reigns of louis xviii and charles x, and during the second french empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. holdings have grown steadily through donations and bequests since the third republic. the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: egyptian antiquities; near eastern antiquities; greek, etruscan and roman antiquities; islamic art; sculpture; decorative arts; paintings; prints and drawings.

  • history
  • collections
  • location, access, and facilities
  • gallery
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Louvre Museum
Louvre Museum Wikimedia Commons.jpg
Louvre is located in Paris
Louvre
Location within Paris
Established1793; 227 years ago (1793)
LocationMusée du Louvre, 75001 Paris, France
Coordinates48°51′40″N 2°20′11″E / 48°51′40″N 2°20′11″E / 48.86111; 2.33639
TypeArt museum and Historic site
Visitors9.6 million (2019)[1]
DirectorJean-Luc Martinez
CuratorMarie-Laure de Rochebrune
Public transit access
Websitewww.louvre.fr

The Louvre (English: ə)/ LOOV(-rə)[2]), or the Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre [myze dy luvʁ] (About this soundlisten)), is the world's largest art museum and a historic monument in Paris, France. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the city's 1st arrondissement (district or ward). Approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 72,735 square meters (782,910 square feet).[3] In 2019, the Louvre received 9.6 million visitors, making it the most visited art museum in the world. [1][4]

The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace, originally built as the Louvre castle in the late 12th to 13th century under Philip II. Remnants of the fortress are visible in the basement of the museum. Due to urban expansion, the fortress eventually lost its defensive function, and in 1546 Francis I converted it into the primary residence of the French Kings.[5] The building was extended many times to form the present Louvre Palace. In 1682, Louis XIV chose the Palace of Versailles for his household, leaving the Louvre primarily as a place to display the royal collection, including, from 1692, a collection of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture.[6] In 1692, the building was occupied by the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres and the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, which in 1699 held the first of a series of salons. The Académie remained at the Louvre for 100 years.[7] During the French Revolution, the National Assembly decreed that the Louvre should be used as a museum to display the nation's masterpieces.

The museum opened on 10 August 1793 with an exhibition of 537 paintings, the majority of the works being royal and confiscated church property. Because of structural problems with the building, the museum was closed in 1796 until 1801. The collection was increased under Napoleon and the museum was renamed Musée Napoléon, but after Napoleon's abdication, many works seized by his armies were returned to their original owners. The collection was further increased during the reigns of Louis XVIII and Charles X, and during the Second French Empire the museum gained 20,000 pieces. Holdings have grown steadily through donations and bequests since the Third Republic. The collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Louvre
Alemannisch: Louvre
Ænglisc: Louvre
العربية: متحف اللوفر
aragonés: Museu d'o Louvre
Արեւմտահայերէն: Լուվր
azərbaycanca: Luvr muzeyi
Bân-lâm-gú: Louvre
беларуская: Луўр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Люўр
Bikol Central: Louvre
български: Лувър
bosanski: Louvre
brezhoneg: Mirdi al Louvre
буряад: Лувр
Чӑвашла: Лувр
Cebuano: Louvre
čeština: Louvre
Cymraeg: Louvre
dansk: Louvre
davvisámegiella: Louvre
Deutsch: Louvre
eesti: Louvre
эрзянь: Лувр
Esperanto: Luvro
euskara: Louvre museoa
فارسی: موزه لوور
français: Musée du Louvre
Frysk: Louvre
furlan: Louvre
Gaeilge: Louvre
Gàidhlig: Louvre
Hawaiʻi: Louvre
հայերեն: Լուվր
hrvatski: Louvre
Ido: Louvre
Ilokano: Louvre
Bahasa Indonesia: Museum Louvre
interlingua: Louvre
Ирон: Лувр
íslenska: Louvre
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಲೂವ್ರ್
ქართული: ლუვრი
қазақша: Лувр
kernowek: Louvre
Kiswahili: Louvre
коми: Лувр
Кыргызча: Лувр
latviešu: Luvra
Lëtzebuergesch: Musée du Louvre
lietuvių: Luvras
Ligure: Louvre
Lingua Franca Nova: Museo Louvre
la .lojban.: luvr
lumbaart: Louvre
magyar: Louvre
македонски: Лувр
മലയാളം: ലൂവ്രേ
მარგალური: ლუვრი
مازِرونی: لوور موزه
Bahasa Melayu: Muzium Louvre
монгол: Лувр
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လူဗာပြတိုက်
Nāhuatl: Louvre
Dorerin Naoero: Louvre
Nederlands: Louvre
नेपाली: लुभ्र
Napulitano: Louvre
нохчийн: Лувр
norsk: Louvre
norsk nynorsk: Louvre
Novial: Louvre
occitan: Lovre
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Louvre
پنجابی: لوور
پښتو: لوور
Piemontèis: Musé dël Louvre
Plattdüütsch: Louvre
polski: Luwr
português: Museu do Louvre
reo tahiti: Louvre
Ripoarisch: Louvre
română: Muzeul Luvru
Runa Simi: Louvre
русиньскый: Лувр
русский: Лувр
sardu: Louvre
Scots: Louvre
sicilianu: Louvre
Simple English: Musée du Louvre
slovenčina: Musée du Louvre
slovenščina: Louvre
ślůnski: Luwr
Soomaaliga: Louvre
کوردی: لووڤر
српски / srpski: Лувр
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Louvre
suomi: Louvre
svenska: Louvren
tarandíne: Musèe d'u Louvre
татарча/tatarça: Лувр музее
tetun: Louvre
Türkçe: Louvre Müzesi
Türkmençe: Luwr muzeýi
українська: Лувр
اردو: لووغ
walon: Louvre
West-Vlams: Louvre
Winaray: Louvre
Wolof: Louvre
吴语: 卢浮宫
粵語: 羅浮宮
中文: 卢浮宫