Lourdes

Lourdes

Lorda  (Occitan)
Lourdes with the Sanctuary of Our Lady
Lourdes with the Sanctuary of Our Lady
Coat of arms of Lourdes
Coat of arms
Location of Lourdes
Lourdes is located in France
Lourdes
Lourdes
Lourdes is located in Occitanie
Lourdes
Lourdes
Coordinates: 43°06′N 0°03′W / 43°06′N 0°03′W / 43.1; -0.05UTC+02:00 (CEST)
65286 /65100
Elevation343–960 m (1,125–3,150 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Lourdes (French: [luʁd]; Occitan: Lorda [ˈluɾðɔ]) is a small market town lying in the foothills of the Pyrenees. It is part of the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region in south-western France. Prior to the mid-19th century, the town was best known for the Château fort de Lourdes, a fortified castle that rises up from a rocky escarpment at its center.

In 1858 Lourdes rose to prominence in France and abroad due to the Marian apparitions claimed to have been seen by the peasant girl Bernadette Soubirous, who was later canonized. Shortly thereafter the city with the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes became one of the world's most important sites of pilgrimage and religious tourism. Today Lourdes hosts around six million visitors every year from all corners of the world. This constant stream of pilgrims and tourists transformed quiet Lourdes into the second most important center of tourism in France, second only to Paris, and the third most important site of international Catholic pilgrimage after Rome and the Holy Land. Asof 2011, of French cities only Paris had more hotel capacity.

Apparitions and pilgrimages

Statue of Our Lady of Lourdes in the Grotto
Mosaic in the Rosary Basilica

According to believers, the Virgin Mary appeared to Maria Bernada Sobirós (in her native Occitan language) on a total of eighteen occasions at Lourdes (Lorda in her local Occitan language). Lourdes has become a major place of Roman Catholic pilgrimage and of miraculous healings. The 150th Jubilee of the first apparition took place on 11 February 2008 with an outdoor Mass attended by approximately 45,000 pilgrims.

Today Lourdes has a population of around 15,000, but it is able to take in some 5,000,000 pilgrims and tourists every season. With about 270 hotels, Lourdes has the second greatest number of hotels per square kilometer in France after Paris.[2] Some of the deluxe hotels like Grand Hotel Moderne, Hotel Grand de la Grotte, Hotel St. Etienne, Hotel Majestic and Hotel Roissy are located here.

In the evening of February 11, 1858, a young Roman Catholic girl,. Bernadette, went to fetch some firewood with her sister and another companion when a Lady who was indescribably beautiful appeared to her at the Massabielle grotto. Although the Lady did not tell Bernadette her name when asked at first, she told her to return to the grotto. On subsequent visits, the Lady revealed herself to be the "Immaculate Conception". This was a reference to the dogma of the Immaculate Conception which had been defined only four years earlier in 1854 by Pope Pius IX, stating that the Virgin Mary herself had been conceived without sin. Bernadette, having only a rudimentary knowledge of the Catholic faith, did not understand what this meant but she reported it to her parish priest, Father Peyremale. He, though initially very skeptical of Bernadette's claims, became convinced when he heard this because he knew the young girl had no knowledge of the doctrine. The Lady also told Bernadette to dig in the ground at a certain spot and to drink from the small spring of water that began to bubble up. Almost immediately cures were reported from drinking the water. And yet the water has been shown through repeated testing not to have any special curative properties. Today thousands of gallons of water gush from the source of the spring, and pilgrims are able to bathe in it. Countless purported miracle cures have been documented there, from the healing of nervous disorders and cancers to cases of paralysis and even of blindness. During the Apparitions, Bernadette Soubirous prayed the Rosary. Pope John Paul II wrote: "The Rosary of the Virgin Mary [is] a prayer of great significance, destined to bring forth a harvest of holiness".[3]

Other Languages
العربية: لورد (فرنسا)
aragonés: Lorda
تۆرکجه: لوردس
Bân-lâm-gú: Lourdes
беларуская: Лурд
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Люрд
brezhoneg: Lourd
català: Lorda
Cebuano: Lourdes
čeština: Lurdy
dansk: Lourdes
Deutsch: Lourdes
eesti: Lourdes
Ελληνικά: Λούρδη
Esperanto: Lourdes
euskara: Lurda
فارسی: لوردس
français: Lourdes
Frysk: Loerdes
Gaeilge: Lourdes
galego: Lourdes
한국어: 루르드
hrvatski: Lourdes
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: লোউর্ডেস
Bahasa Indonesia: Lourdes
italiano: Lourdes
עברית: לורד (עיר)
Jawa: Lourdes
Kiswahili: Lourdes
Latina: Lorda
latviešu: Lurda
Lëtzebuergesch: Lourdes
lietuvių: Lurdas
Limburgs: Loerd
magyar: Lourdes
Malti: Lourdes
Bahasa Melayu: Lourdes
Nederlands: Lourdes
日本語: ルルド
norsk: Lourdes
norsk nynorsk: Lourdes
occitan: Lorda
Piemontèis: Lourdes
polski: Lourdes
português: Lourdes
română: Lourdes
русский: Лурд
Scots: Lourdes
Simple English: Lourdes
slovenčina: Lurdy
slovenščina: Lurd
suomi: Lourdes
svenska: Lourdes
Tagalog: Lourdes
Türkçe: Lourdes
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Lourdes
українська: Лурд
اردو: لورڈیس
Tiếng Việt: Lourdes
Winaray: Lourdes
Wolof: Lourdes
中文: 盧爾德