Lorrin A. Thurston

Lorrin Andrews Thurston
Lorrin A. Thurston, 1892.jpg
Born(1858-07-31)July 31, 1858
DiedMay 11, 1931(1931-05-11) (aged 72)
NationalityKingdom of Hawaii
United States
OccupationLawyer, Politician, Businessman
Spouse(s)Margaret Clarissa Shipman
Harriet Potter
ChildrenRobert Shipman Thurston
Margaret Carter Thurston
Lorrin Potter Thurston
Parent(s)Asa Goodale Thurston
Sarah Andrews
Lorrin A Thurston 1888 signature.svg

Lorrin Andrews Thurston (July 31, 1858 – May 11, 1931) was an American lawyer, politician, and businessman born and raised in the ʻi. The grandson of two of the first Christian missionaries to Hawaii, Thurston played a prominent role in the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom that replaced ʻuokalani with the Republic of Hawaii, dominated by American interests. He published the Pacific Commercial Advertiser (a forerunner of the present-day Honolulu Star-Advertiser), and owned other enterprises. From 1906 to 1916 he and friends lobbied with national politicians to create a National Park to preserve the Hawaiian Volcanoes.

Family life

He was born on July 31, 1858, in Honolulu, Hawaii.[1] His father was Asa Goodale Thurston and mother Sarah Andrews.[2] On his father's side he was grandson of Asa and Lucy Goodale Thurston, who were in the first company of American Christian Missionaries to the Hawaiian Islands in 1820.[3] On his mother's side, he was also the grandson of another early missionary, Lorrin Andrews. His father was speaker of the house of representatives of the Kingdom of Hawaii but died when Lorrin was only a year and a half old in December 1859. He then moved to Maui with his mother.[2]

He was fluent in the Hawaiian language and gave himself the Hawaiian nickname Kakina.[4] In 1872, he attended Punahou School, then known as Oahu College, where he played baseball with the sons of Alexander Cartwright (who invented the modern game). He was expelled shortly before graduation.[5] After working as a translator for a law firm and clerk at the Wailuku Sugar Company, he attended law school at Columbia University. He returned to Honolulu in 1881 and became partners in a law firm with William Owen Smith.[4]

He married Margaret Clarissa Shipman (daughter of missionary William Cornelius Shipman (1824–1861) from Hilo, Hawaii and brother of businessman William Herbert Shipman) in February 1884. They had a son Robert Shipman Thurston on February 1, 1888. Margaret died in childbirth on May 5, 1891 (as did the infant).[5] On April 5, 1894, Lorrin Thurston married Harriet Potter of Saint Joseph, Michigan. They had a daughter Margaret Charter (the mother of Thurston Twigg-Smith) in 1895, and a son Lorrin Potter Thurston in 1900.[6] Lorrin Andrews Thurston died on May 11, 1931. In 1919, Robert Thurston married Evelyn M. Scott, and Margaret Charter married William Twigg-Smith.

Other Languages
français: Lorrin Thurston
Bahasa Indonesia: Lorrin A. Thurston