Local government in Bangladesh

Local government
in the Bengali Republic
Also known as:
BD Map admin.svg
CategoryUnitary state
  • 8 Divisional Commissionerates
  • 64 District Councils
  • 492 Sub-district Councils
    • 4,573 Village Councils
    • 329 Town Councils
    • 11 City Councils
Populations3,212 (Union Councils) – 36,054,418 (Divisions)[citation needed]
Areas9 km² (Union Councils) – 7,468 km² (Divisions)[citation needed]
GovernmentCouncil government
SubdivisionsVillages and Wards
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There are 8 divisions and 64 districts in Bangladesh, each district further subdivided into upazila (lit. subdistricts). The area within each subdistrict, except for those in metropolitan areas, is divided into several unions, with each union consisting of multiple villages. Direct elections are held for each union (or ward), electing a chairperson and a number of members. In 1997, a parliamentary act was passed to reserve three seats (out of 12) in every union for female candidates.[1] Following elections in the 2014–16 period, 25.2% (14,763/ 58,543) of councillors were women, up from 23.4% in the 2011–13 period.[2]

In Bangladesh the rural/regional local government have four tiers:

  • Divisional administration
  • District administration
  • Sub-district administration
  • Rural, Municipal and City administration

Divisional administration

Divisional Commissioner is the administrative head of a division. Divisional Commissioner is appointed by the government from a Senior secretary of B.C.S. Administration Cadre. The role of a Divisional Commissioner's office is to act as the supervisory head of all the government Offices (except the central government offices) situated in the division. A Divisional Commissioner are given the direct responsibility of supervising the revenue and development administration of a division. The Divisional Commissioner is assisted by the several Additional Divisional Commissioners, Assistant Divisional Commissioners and other bureaucratic officials.[3][4][5]