Liu Yichang

Liu Yichang
BBS, MH
Liu holding a copy of his novel Intersection
Liu holding a copy of his novel Intersection
BornLiu Tongyi
(1918-12-07)7 December 1918
Shanghai
Died8 June 2018(2018-06-08) (aged 99)
Chai Wan, Hong Kong
OccupationNovelist, editor, publisher
LanguageChinese
Alma materSt. John's University, Shanghai
Period1942–2018
Literary movementModernism
Notable worksThe Drunkard (1963), Intersection (1993)
SpouseLo Pai-wun
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese劉以鬯
Simplified Chinese刘以鬯
Liu Tongyi
Traditional Chinese劉同繹
Simplified Chinese刘同绎

Liu Yichang, BBS, MH (Chinese: 劉以鬯; 7 December 1918 – 8 June 2018), or Lau Yee Cheung in Cantonese, was a Shanghai-born Hong Kong-based writer, editor and publisher who is considered the founder of Hong Kong's modern literature.[1]

His best-known works are The Drunkard (1963), considered China's first stream of consciousness novel, and Intersection (1993), which is composed of two interconnected stories. The two novels inspired Wong Kar-wai's award-winning films 2046 and In the Mood for Love.[1] He was also a prolific columnist who edited 13 newspapers in China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia, on average writing 13,000 Chinese characters per day.[1]

Early life and career in China

Liu was born Liu Tongyi (劉同繹) on 7 December 1918 in Shanghai, with his ancestral home in Zhenhai, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. His courtesy name was Changnian (昌年).[2][1] His father was Liu Hao (劉浩), also known as Huaizheng (懷正), and he had an older brother.[3]

In the summer of 1941, Liu graduated from St. John's University, Shanghai.[1] The Pacific War soon broke out in December and the Empire of Japan occupied the Shanghai International Settlement. Worried about rumours that Japan was going to draft Chinese men into its army, Liu's father sent him to Chongqing, the war-time capital of the Republic of China. He spent the next few months travelling through Japanese-occupied areas and across the war front, finally reaching Chongqing in the spring of 1942.[3] In Chongqing he worked as an editor for two major newspapers, Sao Dang Bao (掃蕩報) and Guomin Gongbao (國民公報), and was the first person in the capital to report the death of Japanese admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.[3]

Liu returned to Shanghai after the surrender of Japan in 1945. Sao Dang Bao gave him the assignment to report on the surrender ceremony on board USS Missouri, but he was so eager to go home that he turned down the opportunity to witness the historic event.[3] He continued to work for Sao Dang Bao in Shanghai, by then renamed as Peace Daily.[3]

In 1946, he started the publisher Huaizheng Cultural Society (懷正文化社), which was named after his father, who had died in Shanghai under Japanese occupation.[3] Although a new startup, Huaizheng secured the rights to publish the works of prominent writers such as Shi Zhecun, Dai Wangshu, and Yao Xueyin.[3]

Other Languages
asturianu: Liu Yichang
español: Liu Yichang
français: Liu Yichang
português: Liu Yichang
Simple English: Liu Yichang
粵語: 劉以鬯
中文: 劉以鬯