Liu Wenxi

Liu Wenxi
Native name
Chinese: 刘文西
BornOctober 1933
Died7 July 2019 (aged 85)
Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
NationalityChinese
EducationZhejiang Academy of Fine Arts
Known forPainting, drawing
Notable work
Fourth Generations (祖孙四代)
Chairman Mao and the Shepherd (毛主席和牧羊人)
MovementSocialist realism
"Yellow Earth School"
Spouse(s)Chen Guangjian
President of the Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts
In office
1991–1997
Vice Chairman of the China Artists Association
In office
1998 – ?
President of the Yellow Earth School Research Institute
In office
2004–2019
Vice Mayor of Yan'an

Liu Wenxi (Chinese: 刘文西; October 1933 – 7 July 2019) was a Chinese painter, art educator, and politician. Considered by many critics as the founder of the "Yellow Earth School" of painting, he served as President of Xi'an Academy of Fine Arts and Vice Chairman of the China Artists Association. His portrait of Mao Zedong has been printed on the fifth series of the renminbi since 1999.

Early life and education

Liu was born in October 1933 in a small village in Shengzhou, Zhejiang, Republic of China.[1][2] He showed artistic talent from a young age, and aspired to become an artist in elementary school when he first heard of da Vinci, whose name sounds similar to "Wenxi" in Chinese.[2]

Liu was introduced to Chen Wangdao, the President of Shanghai's Fudan University, and painted his portrait.[2] Impressed by his skills, Chen recommended him to study at Shanghai Yucai School, which was known for nurturing artistic talent.[2] After studying at Yucai for three years from 1950, he entered Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts (now China Academy of Art) in 1953,[1] where he was taught by Pan Tianshou and other renowned artists.[3]

Other Languages
中文: 刘文西