For other uses, see Liu (disambiguation).
Liú surname in regular script
Pronunciation Liú (Pinyin)
Lâu ( Pe̍h-ōe-jī)
Language(s) Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, Japanese
Language(s) Old Chinese
Derivation Surname of the Han Dynasty's ruling family
Other names
Variant(s) Liu (Mandarin)
Liew ( Hakka)
Lau, Lauw, Lao (Cantonese, Hokkien, Teochew)
Lieu, Lieh (Shanghainese)
Lew, Lieu ( Gan)
Lưu (Vietnamese)
Yoo (Korean)
See also Yoo (Korean name)

/ (Liu, Lao, Lau, Low, Lauv, Lieh, Lieu, Liew, Loo, Lew, Liou or Yu) is a common Chinese family name. The Liu ( /ˈljuː/) [1] as transcribed in English can represent several different surnames written in different Chinese characters:

In Cantonese transliteration, 刘/劉 (Liú) is Lau, Lao is also transliteration of 刘/劉 in Min Nan and Taiwanese Minnan Chinese language, whilst Liu is a different surname, , pinyin: Liào, (Liêu in Vietnamese).

In Shanghainese, 刘/劉 is romanized as Lieu and rarely Lieh; 柳 is similarly romanized; whereas 廖 is transliterated as Lioh

In Teochew, 刘/劉 is usually romanized as Lau, Low or Lao; 柳 is written as Lew; and 廖 is romanized as Leow or Liau.

In Hakka, 刘/劉 is most commonly transliterated as Liew while 廖 is written as Liau or Liaw. The other variants of the romanised surname Liu, i.e. 柳, 留 and 六, are uncommon among speakers of Hakka.

In Gan, 刘/劉 is most commonly transliterated as Lew or Lieu, 廖 is written as Leo or Liau.

The Indonesian-Chinese descent Latinise it according to Dutch pronunciation as Lauw.

In Vietnamese, the name can either take the form Liễu (in northern regions), or Lưu (in central or southern regions), or Lục. A few having Vietnamese-Chinese descent use the family name Lao.

Origin of Liu

劉 or 刘 (Liu, Lao, Lau, Low, Lew, Liew, Lauv, Lio, Luu, Ryu, Yu, Yoo)

留 (Liu, Lau, Low, Lauv, Yu)

柳 (Liu, Lew, Liew, Lao, Ryu, Yu)

Main article: Liu (柳)

廖 (Liao, Liu, Leow, Lia, Yu)

See also: Liao (surname)