List of political parties in Sri Lanka

Coat of arms of Sri Lanka, showing a lion holding a sword in its right forepaw surrounded by a ring made from blue lotus petals which is placed on top of a grain vase sprouting rice grains to encircle it. A Dharmacakra is on the top while a sun and moon are at the bottom on each side of the vase.
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sri Lanka

This article lists political parties in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka has a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. In the last decades, the United National Party and the Sri Lanka Freedom Party have been the largest parties by far. The general rule, however, has become coalition politics, since neither SLFP nor UNP are able to gather parliamentary majorities. Tamil areas are generally dominated by Tamil parties.

Alliances

Parliamentary alliances

Alliance Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Founded Leader
Tamil National Alliance දෙමළ ජාතික සන්ධානය தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு N/A[a] 20 October 2001 R. Sampanthan
United National Front for Good Governance එක්සත් යහපාලන ජාතික පෙරමුණ நல்லாட்சிக்கான ஐக்கிய தேசிய முன்னணி N/A[b] 2005 Ranil Wickremesinghe
United People's Freedom Alliance එක්සත් ජනතා නිදහස් සන්ධානය ஐக்கிய மக்கள் சுதந்திரக் கூட்டணி Betel Leaf
20 January 2004 Maithripala Sirisena

Extra-parliamentary alliances

Alliance Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Founded Leader
Democratic Tamil National Front ஜனநாயக தமிழ்த் தேசிய முன்னணி N/A 4 May 2016 V. Anandasangaree
Tamil National People's Front ද්‍රවිඩ ජාතික ජනතා පෙරමුණ தமிழ்த் தேசியத்திற்கான மக்கள் முன்னணி N/A[c] 28 February 2010 Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam

Defunct/dormant alliances

Alliance Sinhala name Tamil name Symbol Founded Dissolved Notes
Democratic National Alliance ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී ජාතික සන්ධානය சனநாயகத் தேசியக் கூட்டணி Trophy 22 November 2009
Democratic Tamil National Alliance[d] ජනනායක තමිළ් තේසිය කුට්ටනි ஜனநாயக தமிழ் தேசிய கூட்டணி Brass Lamp Most members have joined the TNA
Left Liberation Front[e] இடது விடுதலை முன்னணி N/A 1998
National Unity Alliance N/A 1999 2010
People's Alliance පොදු ජන එක්සත් පෙරමුණ மக்கள் கூட்டணி Chair 1994 Most members have joined the UPFA
Socialist Alliance සමාජවාදී ජනතා පෙරමුණ சோஷலிஸ மக்கள் முன்னணி Clay Lamp 2006 All members part of the UPFA
Tamil National Liberation Alliance N/A 22 February 2010 25 June 2011 Members have joined the TNA
Tamil Progressive Alliance தமிழ் முற்போக்கு கூட்டணி N/A 3 June 2015 All members part of the UNFGG
United National Front එක්සත් ජාතික පෙරමුණ, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව ஐக்கிய தேசிய முன்னணி N/A[f] 21 October 2001 Most members have joined the UNFGG