List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and district level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like a reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving input in setting electoral rules and regulations.[1]

This listing is according to the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections[2][3] and any party aspiring to state or national party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As per latest publication from Election Commission of India, the total number of parties registered was 1841, with 7 national parties, 51 state parties and 1785 unrecognised parties.[3][4]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

National Party

A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[5]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least three different states.[6]
  2. At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four states and in addition it wins four Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.
7 recognised national parties[7][8]
Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Founder Party Supremo [D] Party symbol Headquarters
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998 Mamata Banerjee Mamata Banerjee
Flowers & grass
36G Topsia Road, Kolkata-700039, (West Bengal)
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Kanshi Ram Mayawati
Elephant
12, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi-110001, (Delhi)
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Syama Prasad Mukherjee Amit Shah
Lotos
6 - A, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Marg, New Delhi -110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Ears of Corn and Sickle
Indrajit Gupta Marg, New Delhi-110002, (Delhi)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 1964 Sitaram Yechury
Hammer Sickle and Star
Bhai Vir Singh Marg, New Delhi-110 001, (Delhi)
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Allan Octavian Hume Rahul Gandhi
Hand
24, Akbar Road, New Delhi 110001
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar
P. A. Sangma
Tariq Anwar
Sharad Pawar
Clock
10, Bishmabhar Marg, New Delhi-110001, (Delhi)
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