List of monarchs of Naples

Kingdom of Naples (1282–1501)

House of Anjou

In 1382, the Kingdom of Naples was heired by Charles III, King of Hungary, Great grandson of King Charles II of Naples After this, the House of Anjou of Naples was renamed House of Anjou-Durazzo, like Charles III married his first cousin Margaret of Durazzo, member of a prominent Neapolitan noble family.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Charles IofAnjou.jpg Arms of Jean dAnjou.svg Charles I
(Carlo I)
30 March 1282 7 January 1285  • Son of Louis VIII of France King of Sicily, Naples and Albania
(Re di Sicilia, Napoli e Albania)
Charles 2 of Naples.jpg Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Charles II, the Lame
(Carlo II, lo Zoppo)
7 January 1285 5 May 1309  • Son of Charles I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Robert of Naples (head).jpg Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Robert I, the Wise
(Roberto I, il Saggio)
5 May 1309 20 January 1343  • Son of Charles II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Joan I of Naples (head).jpg Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Joanna I
(Giovanna I)
20 January 1343 12 May 1382  • Granddaughter of Robert I Queen of Naples
(Regina di Napoli)
Louis of Taranto.jpg Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg Louis I
(Luigi I)
August 1348 26 May 1362  • Husband of Joanna I

 • Grandson of Charles II; member of the House of Anjou-Taranto
 • Potential claimant to the throne through the male line if Joanna died childless, but he himself and his line also died out.

Jure uxoris King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
After Joanna's death without legitimate issue, the heirs would technically be her nieces, only one (Margaret) of whom would leave issue (with Charles, a member of the Durazzo branch of the house of Anjou). The next ones in line would be the Durazzo branch itself (the Taranto branch, of which Louis I was part, had been extinguished), whose prominent figure, Charles, was Joanna's enemy.
Charles III of Naples (head).jpg Arms of Andre of Hungary and Naples.svg Charles III, the Short
(Carlo III, il Breve)
12 May 1382 24 February 1386  • Great-grandson of Charles II

 • Member of the House of Anjou-Durazzo

King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Ladislas of Naples (head).jpg Arms of Andre of Hungary and Naples.svg Ladislaus I, the Magnanimous
(Ladislao I, il Magnanimo)
24 February 1386 Early 1390  • Son of Charles III King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Valois-Anjou (disputed)

Joanna of Naples had refused to name her enemy Charles of Durazzo as heir to the Neapolitan throne despite him ending up succeeding her anyways. If Charles' line was ignored, the subsequent heirs would be the descendants of Margaret, Countess of Anjou, a daughter of Charles II of Naples; the line pointed to the kings of France of the House of Valois. Joanna chose this line, though she named as heir Louis of Valois-Anjou, a junior member of the dynasty, in order to avoid a personal union with France.

As Charles III had already seized the Neapolitan throne, initially the House of Valois-Anjou only had an empty claim. One of their members, Louis II, succeeded in ruling Naples for a time.

Time as claimant instead of actual rule will be shown in italic.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Loísd'Anjau.jpg Arms of Louis dAnjou.svg Louis I of Anjou
(Luigi I)
1382 1384  • Adopted son and heir of Joanna I
 • Could not establish himself in Naples before his death
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Louis II of Anjou, King of Naples and Sicily after an ink and watercolor drawing in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.jpg Arms of Louis dAnjou.svg Louis II
(Luigi II)
1384
1389
1417
1399
 • Son of Louis I (adopted son of Joanna I)
 • Crowned in 1389
 • Actually ruled in Naples only from 1390 until 1399
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Louis3anjou.jpg Arms of Louis dAnjou.svg Louis III of Anjou
(Luigi III)
1417 1434  • Son of Louis II
 • He was recognised as Joanna II's heir in 1423.
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Anjou (restored)

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Ladislas of Naples (head).jpg Arms of Andre of Hungary and Naples.svg Ladislaus I, the Magnanimous
(Ladislao I, il Magnanimo)
Late 1399 6 August 1414  • Son of Charles III King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Johanna II of Naples.jpg Arms of Andre of Hungary and Naples.svg Joanna II
(Giovanna II)
6 August 1414 2 February 1435  • Daughter of Charles III Queen of Naples
(Regina di Napoli)

House of Valois-Anjou (restored)

Joanna II recognised Louis III of Anjou as heir in 1423, however he died in 1434 before succeeding to the throne. His brother René of Anjou succeeded to the claim and became king upon Joanna's death in 1435.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Le musée d'Histoire de Marseille (14202563122).jpg Arms of Rene dAnjou (2).svg René I, the Good
(Renato I, il Buono)
2 February 1435 2 June 1442  • Son of Louis II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Trastámara

Before Louis of Anjou, Joanna II's adopted heir had been Alfonso, King of Aragon. He refused to be disinherited and conquered Naples from René of Anjou in 1442.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Alfonso-V-el-Magnanimo.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Alfonso I, the Magnanimous
(Alfonso I, il Magnanimo)
2 June 1442 27 June 1458  • Adopted son of Joanna II; conquered King of Aragon, Sicily and Naples
(Re di Aragona, Sicilia e Napoli)
Ferrante I of Naples.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Ferdinand I
(Ferdinando I)
27 June 1458 25 January 1494  • Illegitimate son of Alfonso I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Alfonso II di Napoli.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Alfonso II
(Alfonso II)
25 January 1494 23 January 1495  • Son of Ferdinand I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Ferrandino Naples.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Ferdinand II
(Ferdinando II)
23 January 1495 7 September 1496  • Son of Alfonso II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Frederick IV of Naples.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Frederick I
(Federico I)
7 September 1496 1 August 1501  • Son of Ferdinand I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
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