List of World Heritage sites in Slovenia

Location of World Heritage sites in Slovenia.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Slovenia, following the declaration of independence from Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991, ratified the convention on 5 November 1992.[2]

Currently, there are four sites in Slovenia inscribed on the list and five sites on the tentative list. The first site in Slovenia to be added to the list was the Škocjan Caves, inscribed at the 10th UNESCO session in 1986.[3] In the 2010s, three more sites were inscribed, all of them transnational entries: pile dwellings at Ig, part of the Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps transnational site, in 2011,[4] Idrija, as part of the transnational site Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija, in 2012,[5] and two forest reserves, Krokar and Snežnik – Ždrocle Virgin Forests in 2017, as a part of the extension to the site of Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany.[6] Of these four sites, Škocjan Caves and the Primeval Beech Forests are natural sites while the other two are cultural sites, as determined by the organization's selection criteria.[2]

World Heritage sites

UNESCO lists sites under ten criteria; each entry must meet at least one of the criteria. Criteria i through vi are cultural, whereas vii through x are natural.[7]

  * Transnational site
Site Image Location Year listed UNESCO data Description
Škocjan Caves Škocjan Caves Škocjan (Municipality of Divača) 1986 390; vii, viii (natural) Cave system and surroundings that represent some of the most significant Karst topography phenomena, including one of the world's largest known underground river canyons. The Karst area is of special importance in the history of earth sciences.[3]
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps* The site of the remains of pile-dwellings near Ig Municipality of Ig 2011 1363; iv, v (cultural) Prehistoric pile-dwellings settlements. Excavations in these sites have provided insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and the Bronze Age in Alpine Europe. Two sites in Slovenia are listed: the pile dwellings in Ig, northern group (kolišča na Igu, severna skupina), and the pile dwellings in Ig, southern group (kolišča na Igu, južna skupina). This is a transnational site that also includes sites in Austria, France, Germany, Italy, and Switzerland.[4]
Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija* Antonijev rov, Idrija Idrija 2012 1313; ii, iv (cultural) Idrija has one of the two largest mercury mines in the world, with mercury being first discovered there in 1490. The site features the infrastructure and technology related to mining and mercury production and bears testimony to the intercontinental trade in mercury, which generated important exchanges between Europe and America over the centuries. The site is shared with the mining town of Almadén, Spain.[5]
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe* Krokar Virgin Forest Municipalities of Kočevje, Ilirska Bistrica, Loška Dolina 2017 1133ter; ix (natural) The two forest reserves, Krokar and Snežnik – Ždrocle Virgin Forests represent an outstanding example of undisturbed, complex temperate forests. They demonstrate the postglacial expansion process of such forests and exhibit the most complete and comprehensive ecological patterns and processes of pure and mixed stands of European beech across a variety of environmental conditions. The site is a part of transnational site, also shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, and Ukraine.[6]
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