List of Vice-Presidents of India

Emblem of India.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
India
Vice-Presidents of India (by state of birth)

The Vice-President of India is the second highest constitutional office in the Indian Government after the President. In accordance with Article 65 of the Indian Constitution, the Vice-President discharges the functions of the President when a contingency arises due to the resignation, removal, death or the inability of the President to discharge his functions. He is also the ex officio chairperson of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India.[1] The Vice President is elected by an electoral college consisting of all the members of both houses of the Parliament in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote via a secret ballot conducted by the Election Commission of India. Once elected the Vice President continues in office for a five-year term, but can continue in office irrespective of the expiry of the term, until a successor assumes office. The Vice President can be removed by a resolution passed by an effective majority in the Rajya Sabha.[2]

There have been 13 vice-president, since the inception of the post in 1950. The first Vice-president of India, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, took oath at Rashtrapati Bhavan on 13 May 1952

On 11 August 2017 Venkaiah Naidu was sworn in as the 13th Vice-President of India.[3]

List

The complete list of Vice-Presidents of India includes the persons sworn into the office as Vice-President of India, following the adoption of the Constitution of India in 1950. Some of whom later became presidents.[4]

Colour key
  Vice President was an Independent candidate (5)
  Vice President was a candidate of Indian National Congress (INC) (5)
  Vice President was a candidate of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (2)
  Vice President was a candidate of the Janata Dal (JD) (1)
Name
(birth–death)
Portrait Elected
(% votes)
Took office Left office Term (in years) President(s) Candidate of
1 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(1888–1975)
Photograph of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan presented to First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy in 1962.jpg 1952
(Unopposed)
13 May 1952 12 May 1957 10 Rajendra Prasad   Independent
1957
(Unopposed)
13 May 1957 12 May 1962
2 Zakir Husain
(1897–1969)
DR. ZAKIR HUSAIN - PICTORIAL BIOGRAPHY 0005.jpg 1962
(97.59)
13 May 1962 12 May 1967 5 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan   Independent
3 Varahagiri Venkata Giri
(1894–1980)
V.V.Giri.jpg 1967
(71.45)
13 May 1967 3 May 1969 2 Zakir Husain   Independent
4 Gopal Swarup Pathak
(1896–1982)
1969
31 August 1969 30 August 1974 5 Varahagiri Venkata Giri (1969–1974)

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1974)

  Independent
5 Basappa Danappa Jatti
(1912–2002)
1974
(78.70)
31 August 1974 30 August 1979 5 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1974–1977)

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (1977–1979)
  Indian National Congress
6 Mohammad Hidayatullah
(1905–1992)
1979
(Unopposed)
31 August 1979 30 August 1984 5 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (1979–1982)

Giani Zail Singh (1982–1984)
  Independent
7 Ramaswamy Venkataraman
(1910–2009)
R Venkataraman.jpg 1984
(71.05)
31 August 1984 24 July 1987 3 Giani Zail Singh   Indian National Congress
8 Shankar Dayal Sharma
(1918–1999)
Shankar Dayal Sharma 36.jpg 1987
(Unopposed)
3 September 1987 24 July 1992 5 Ramaswamy Venkataraman   Indian National Congress
9 Kocheril Raman Narayanan
(1920–2005)
President Clinton with Indian president K. R. Narayanan (cropped).jpg 1992
(99.86)
21 August 1992 24 July 1997 5 Shankar Dayal Sharma   Indian National Congress
10 Krishan Kantdagger
(1927–2002)
Krishan Kant 2005 stamp of India.jpg 1997
(61.76)
21 August 1997 27 July 2002 4 Kocheril Raman Narayanan (1997–2002)

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (2002)
  Janata Dal
11 Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
(1923–2010)
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat.jpg 2002
(59.82)
19 August 2002 21 July 2007 5 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam   Bharatiya Janata Party
12 Mohammad Hamid Ansari
(1937–)
Hamid ansari.jpg 2007
(60.51)
11 August 2007 11 August 2012 10 Pratibha Patil (2007–2012)

Pranab Mukherjee (2012–2017)

Ram Nath Kovind (2017)
  Indian National Congress
2012
(67.31)
11 August 2012 11 August 2017
13 Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu
(1949–)
Venkaiah Naidu 2 (cropped).jpg 2017
(67.89)
11 August 2017 Incumbent Ram Nath Kovind   Bharatiya Janata Party
Notes
  • † Died in office
Timeline
Venkaiah NaiduMohammad Hamid AnsariBhairon Singh ShekhawatKrishan KantK. R. NarayananShankar Dayal SharmaRamaswamy VenkataramanMohammad HidayatullahB. D. JattiGopal Swarup PathakV. V. GiriZakir Husain (politician)Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Other Languages