Lewis Nixon (naval architect)

Lewis Nixon
Lewis Nixon.jpg
Born(1861-04-07)April 7, 1861
DiedSeptember 23, 1940(1940-09-23) (aged 79)
OccupationNaval architect and political activist
Sally Lewis Wood (m. 1891–1937)
(her death)
ChildrenStanhope Wood Nixon
RelativesLewis Nixon III, grandson

Lewis Nixon (April 7, 1861 – September 23, 1940) was a naval architect, shipbuilding executive, public servant, and political activist. He designed the United States' first modern battleships, and supervised the construction of its first modern submarines, all before his 40th birthday. He was briefly the leader of Tammany Hall. He started an ill-fated effort to run seven major American shipyards under common ownership as the United States Shipbuilding Company, and he was the chair of the New York City commission building the Williamsburg Bridge.

Birth and naval education

Nixon was born on the eve of the American Civil War, in Leesburg, Virginia, to Colonel Joel Lewis Nixon and Mary Jane Turner.[1] Leesburg, only three miles into the Confederacy, changed hands several times over the course of the War. His brother George H. Nixon fought in the Virginia Cavalry as a member of "Mosby's Raiders."[2]

Nixon graduated first in his class from the United States Naval Academy in 1882 and was sent to study naval architecture at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, where, in 1885, he again graduated first in the class.

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