Lenín Moreno

Lenín Moreno
President Lenín Moreno 2019.jpg
46th President of Ecuador
Assumed office
24 May 2017
Vice PresidentJorge Glas
María Vicuña
Otto Sonnenholzner
Preceded byRafael Correa
47th Vice President of Ecuador
In office
15 January 2007 – 24 May 2013
PresidentRafael Correa
Preceded byAlejandro Serrano
Succeeded byJorge Glas
United Nations Special Envoy on Disability and Accessibility
In office
19 December 2013 – 30 September 2016
Secretary GeneralBan Ki-moon
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byMaria Soledad Cisternas Reyes
President of the PAIS Alliance
Assumed office
1 May 2017
Preceded byRafael Correa
Personal details
Born
Lenín Boltaire Moreno Garcés

(1953-03-19) 19 March 1953 (age 66)
Nuevo Rocafuerte, Ecuador
Political partyPAIS Alliance
Spouse(s)
Rocío González (m. 1974)
Children3
ResidenceCarondelet Palace
Alma materCentral University of Ecuador
Signature

Lenín Boltaire Moreno Garcés (Spanish pronunciation: [leˈnin bolˈtai̯ɾe moˈɾeno ɣaɾˈses]; born 19 March 1953) is an Ecuadorian politician who is the current President of Ecuador, in office since May 2017. Moreno was Vice President from 2007 to 2013, serving under President Rafael Correa.

He was nominated as the candidate for Correa's PAIS Alliance, a centre-left, democratic socialist[1] political party, in the 2017 presidential election and won a narrow victory in Ecuador's second round of voting on 2 April 2017.[2] However, after his election Moreno drastically shifted his political stance, distancing himself from Correa's leftist legacy.

Moreno was shot in 1998 in a robbery attempt and thereafter has used a wheelchair. For his advocacy for people with disabilities, he was nominated for the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize.[3] When he assumed office on 24 May 2017, Moreno became the world’s only currently serving head of state to use a wheelchair.[4]

Background

Childhood

Lenín Moreno was born into a middle-class family in Nuevo Rocafuerte, a small town in the Ecuadorian Amazon, near the Peruvian border. His father, Servio Tulio Moreno, was a teacher who promoted bilingual education and integrated schools for indigenous children and mestizo children and later a senator. His parents named him after their favorite authors; his father idolized Vladimir Lenin and his mother liked Voltaire, although an error in the civil registration turned his middle name into Boltaire[5][6] (in Latin American Spanish the letters v and b tend to be substituted alternatively because they represent the same phoneme)[7]. He moved to Quito with his family when he was three years old.[8]

Education

Moreno studied in Quito at the Instituto Nacional Mejía (Mejia National Institute), the Colegio Nacional Sebastián Benalcázar (Sebastian Benalcazar National School), and the Universidad Central del Ecuador (Central University of Ecuador), where he earned a degree in Public Administration and was honored as the best graduate. He studied psychology.[9]

Career

Moreno began his career in 1976 as the director of the Continental Professional Training Center. He went on to become Director of OMC Publigerencia Andina, sales manager of Satho and marketing manager of Zitro, all located in Ecuador. Then he moved to the public sector, taking an administrative post with the Minister of Government. He worked extensively in the public tourism industry. He founded the Chamber of Tourism of Pichincha, a province in Ecuador, and was Executive Director of the National Federation of Tourism Chambers and Executive Director of the Chamber of Tourism of Pichincha, between 1997 and 1999.

Politics and awards

Moreno has earned numerous awards while serving as vice president of Ecuador: the "Fray Jodoco Ricke" Award; the Order of the Sun of Peru in the rank of Grand Cross; and the Order of Merit to the Democracy, presented by the governments of Peru, Guatemala and Colombia, respectively. He was also recognized unanimously by the Council of the Metropolitan District of Quito with the order of Gran Collar Sebastian Benalcazar. He has received various Honoris Causa awards, from the University of the Americas (Ecuador) [es], Universidad Tecnica del Norte del Ecuador (Technical University of Northern Ecuador) and the Universidad San Martin de Colombia (San Martin University of Colombia). He earned a Honoris Causa Masters, from the Business School (ESAE), Spain, on 25 November 2011.

Moreno was appointed as Special Envoy on Disability and Accessibility by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in December 2013.[10]

Eventa Foundation

After being shot, Moreno created the "Eventa" foundation to promote humor and joy as a way of life based on his personal experiences.

He is the author of numerous books on his theory of humor, including: Filosofía para la vida y el trabajo ("Philosophy for life and work"), Teoría y Práctica del Humor ("Theory and Practice of Comedy"), Ser Feliz es Fácil y Divertido ("Being Happy is Easy and Fun"), Los Mejores Chistes del Mundo ("World's Best Jokes"), Humor de los Famosos ("Humor of the Famous"), Trompabulario, Ríase, no sea enfermo ("Laugh, don’t be sick") and Cuentos no Ecológicos ("Non-Ecological Tales").[11]

Other Languages
العربية: لينين مورينو
asturianu: Lenín Moreno
беларуская: Ленін Марэна
brezhoneg: Lenín Moreno
català: Lenín Moreno
čeština: Lenín Moreno
Deutsch: Lenín Moreno
Ελληνικά: Λενίν Μορένο
español: Lenín Moreno
Esperanto: Lenín Moreno
français: Lenín Moreno
한국어: 레닌 모레노
հայերեն: Լենին Մորենո
Bahasa Indonesia: Lenín Moreno
íslenska: Lenín Moreno
italiano: Lenín Moreno
Кыргызча: Ленин Морено
latviešu: Lenins Moreno
lietuvių: Lenín Moreno
Bahasa Melayu: Lenín Moreno
Nederlands: Lenín Moreno
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Lenín Moreno
português: Lenín Moreno
Runa Simi: Lenín Moreno
русский: Морено, Ленин
Simple English: Lenín Moreno
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lenín Moreno
svenska: Lenín Moreno
Türkçe: Lenín Moreno
українська: Ленін Морено
Tiếng Việt: Lenín Moreno