Leif Erikson

Leif Erikson
Viking at MN Capitol.jpg
Statue of Leif near the Minnesota State Capitol in St. Paul, Minnesota, United States
Bornc. 970
Diedc. 1020
NationalityNorse: IcelandicNorwegian
OccupationExplorer
Known forFirst European in Vinland (Part of North America; possibly Newfoundland)
Partner(s)Thorgunna (c. 999)
ChildrenThorgils, Thorkell
RelativesErik the Red (father), Þjóðhildur (mother), Thorvald, Thorstein and Freydís (siblings)

Leif Erikson or Leif Ericson[note 1] (c. 970 – c. 1020) was a Norse explorer from Iceland.[6] He was the first known European to have set foot on continental North America (excluding Greenland), before Christopher Columbus.[7][8] According to the Sagas of Icelanders, he established a Norse settlement at Vinland, tentatively identified with the Norse L'Anse aux Meadows on the northern tip of Newfoundland in modern-day Canada. Later archaeological evidence suggests that Vinland may have been the areas around the Gulf of St. Lawrence and that the L'Anse aux Meadows site was a ship repair station.

Leif was the son of Erik the Red, the founder of the first Norse settlement in Greenland and of Thjodhild (Þjóðhildur), both of Norwegian origin. His place of birth is not known,[9] but he is assumed to have been born in Iceland, which had recently been colonized by Norsemen mainly from Norway.[6][10][11] He grew up in the family estate Brattahlíð in the Eastern Settlement in Greenland. Leif had two known sons: Thorgils, born to noblewoman Thorgunna in the Hebrides; and Thorkell, who succeeded him as chieftain of the Greenland settlement.

Early life

Leif was the son of Erik the Red and his wife Thjodhild, and the grandson of Thorvaldr Ásvaldsson, and distant relative of Naddodd,[12] who discovered Iceland.[13] He was a Viking in the early days. His year of birth is most often given as c. 970 or c. 980.[14] Though Leif's birthplace is not accounted for in the sagas,[15] it is likely he was born in Iceland,[6] where his parents met[14]—probably somewhere on the edge of Breiðafjörður, and possibly at the farm Haukadal where Thjóðhild's family is said to have been based.[6] Leif had two brothers, whose names were Thorsteinn and Thorvaldr, and a sister, Freydís.[16]

Thorvald Asvaldsson was banished from Norway for manslaughter and went into exile in Iceland accompanied by young Erik. When Erik was himself banished from Iceland, he travelled further west to an area he named Greenland, where he established the first permanent settlement in 986.[15][17] Tyrker, one of Erik's thralls, had been specially trusted to keep in charge of Erik's children, as Leif later referred to him as his "foster father".[18]

Other Languages
العربية: ليف إريكسون
asturianu: Leif Erikson
azərbaycanca: Leyf Eriksson
Bân-lâm-gú: Leifur Eiríksson
беларуская: Лейф Эрыксан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Лейф Эрыксан
български: Лейф Ериксон
bosanski: Leif Ericsson
brezhoneg: Leifr Eiríksson
català: Leif Eriksson
čeština: Leif Eriksson
Cymraeg: Leif Eriksson
Deutsch: Leif Eriksson
Ελληνικά: Λέιφ Έρικσον
español: Leif Erikson
Esperanto: Leifr Eiríksson
estremeñu: Leifr Eiríksson
euskara: Leif Eriksson
français: Leif Erikson
հայերեն: Լեյֆ Էրիկսոն
hrvatski: Leif Ericsson
Bahasa Indonesia: Leif Erikson
íslenska: Leifur heppni
italiano: Leif Erikson
Kapampangan: Leif Ericson
қазақша: Лейф Эриксон
latviešu: Leifs Eriksons
Lëtzebuergesch: Leif Eriksson
lietuvių: Leifas Eriksonas
македонски: Лејф Ериксон
Malagasy: Leif Ericson
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လိဖ် အဲရစ်ဆင်
Nederlands: Leif Eriksson
नेपाल भाषा: लीफ् इरिकसन
norsk nynorsk: Leiv Eiriksson
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਲੀਫ ਐਰਿਕਸਨ
Papiamentu: Leif Eriksson
Plattdüütsch: Leif Eriksson
português: Leif Eriksson
română: Leif Eriksson
rumantsch: Leif Eriksson
Simple English: Leif Erikson
slovenčina: Leif Eriksson
slovenščina: Leif Erikson
српски / srpski: Лејф Ериксон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Lejf Erikson
Basa Sunda: Leif Eriksson
svenska: Leif Eriksson
Tagalog: Leif Erikson
Türkçe: Leif Ericson
українська: Лейф Еріксон
Tiếng Việt: Leif Ericson
Winaray: Leif Ericson