A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.

Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation. Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process.

The members of a legislature are called legislators. In a democracy, legislators are most commonly popularly elected, although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber.

Internal organization

Each chamber of legislature consists of a number of legislators who use some form of parliamentary procedure to debate political issues and vote on proposed legislation. There must be a certain number of legislators present to carry out these activities; this is called a quorum.

Some of the responsibilities of a legislature, such as giving first consideration to newly proposed legislation, are usually delegated to committees made up of small selections of the legislators.

The members of a legislature usually represent different political parties; the members from each party generally meet as a caucus to organize their internal affairs.

The internal organization of a legislature is also shaped by the informal norms that are shared by its members.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wetgewer
Alemannisch: Legislative
አማርኛ: ህግ አውጭ
العربية: سلطة تشريعية
Bân-lâm-gú: Li̍p-hoat ki-koan
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Заканадаўчая ўлада
Deutsch: Legislative
Esperanto: Leĝdona povo
فارسی: قوه مقننه
한국어: 입법부
Bahasa Indonesia: Legislatif
íslenska: Löggjafi
Basa Jawa: Legislatif
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಶಾಸಕಾಂಗ
Lëtzebuergesch: Legislativ
македонски: Законодавна власт
मराठी: विधिमंडळ
Bahasa Melayu: Badan perundangan
Nederlands: Wetgevende macht
日本語: 立法府
norsk nynorsk: Den lovgjevande makta
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ
Plattdüütsch: Gesettgevend Macht
português: Poder Legislativo
română: Legislativ
Runa Simi: Kamachi quq atiy
Scots: Legislatur
Simple English: Legislature
slovenčina: Zákonodarná moc
slovenščina: Zakonodajna oblast
Soomaaliga: Sharcidajin
српски / srpski: Законодавна власт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zakonodavna vlast
Tagalog: Tagapagbatas
తెలుగు: చట్టసభలు
Türkçe: Yasama organı
українська: Законодавча влада
اردو: مقننہ
Tiếng Việt: Cơ quan lập pháp
中文: 立法机构