Laurent Gbagbo

Laurent Gbagbo
IC Gbagbo Motta eng 195.jpg
4th President of Côte d'Ivoire
In office
26 October 2000 – 11 April 2011[infobox 1]
Prime MinisterSeydou Diarra
Pascal Affi N'Guessan
Seydou Diarra
Charles Konan Banny
Guillaume Soro
Gilbert Aké
Preceded byRobert Guéï
Succeeded byAlassane Ouattara
Personal details
Born (1945-05-31) May 31, 1945 (age 73)
Gagnoa, Côte d’Ivoire, French West Africa, France
NationalityIvorian
Political partyIvorian Popular Front
Spouse(s)Simone Gbagbo
Alma materParis Diderot University
WebsiteOfficial website
  1. ^ The presidency was disputed between Gbagbo and Alassane Ouattara from 4 December 2010 to 11 April 2011, at which time Gbagbo was arrested by UN forces.

Laurent Gbagbo[1][2] (Gagnoa Bété: Gbagbo [ɡ͡baɡ͡bo]; French pronunciation: ​[loʁɑ̃ baɡbo]; born 31 May 1945) is an Ivorian politician who was the President of Côte d'Ivoire from 2000 until his arrest in April 2011.

A historian by profession, as well as an amateur chemist and physicist, Gbagbo was imprisoned in the early 1970s and again in the early 1990s, and he lived in exile in France during much of the 1980s as a result of his union activism. Gbagbo founded the Ivorian Popular Front (FPI) in 1982 and ran unsuccessfully for President against Félix Houphouët-Boigny at the start of multi-party politics in 1990. He also won a seat in the National Assembly of Côte d'Ivoire in 1990.

Gbagbo claimed victory after Robert Guéï, head of a military junta, barred other leading politicians from running in the October 2000 presidential election. The Ivorian people took to the streets, toppling Guéï. Gbagbo was then installed as President.

Following the 2010 presidential election, Gbagbo challenged the vote count, alleging fraud. He called for the annulment of results from nine of the country's regions. Alassane Ouattara was declared the winner and was recognized as such by election observers, the international community, the African Union (AU), and the Economic Community of West African States. However, the Constitutional Council, which according to Article 94 of the Ivorian Constitution both determines disputes in and proclaims the results of Presidential elections,[3] declared that Gbagbo had won. After a short period of civil conflict, Gbagbo was arrested by backers of Alassane Ouattara, supported by French Forces of "Operation Unicorn". In November 2011, he was extradited to the International Criminal Court, becoming the first head of state to be taken into the court's custody.[4]

Early life and academic career

Laurent Gbagbo was born on 31 May 1945 in the village of Mama, near Gagnoa in the then French West Africa. He became a history professor and an opponent of the regime of President Félix Houphouët-Boigny. He was imprisoned from 31 March 1971 to January 1973. In 1979, he obtained his doctorate at Paris Diderot University. In 1980, he became Director of the Institute of History, Art, and African Archeology at the University of Abidjan. He participated in a 1982 teachers' strike as a member of the National Trade Union of Research and Higher Education. Gbagbo went into exile in France.

Other Languages
العربية: لوران غباغبو
беларуская: Ларан Гбагбо
Bikol Central: Laurent Gbagbo
brezhoneg: Laurent Gbagbo
čeština: Laurent Gbagbo
español: Laurent Gbagbo
Esperanto: Laurent Gbagbo
français: Laurent Gbagbo
Bahasa Indonesia: Laurent Gbagbo
italiano: Laurent Gbagbo
Basa Jawa: Laurent Gbagbo
ქართული: ლორან გბაგბო
қазақша: Лоран Гбагбо
lingála: Laurent Gbagbo
Bahasa Melayu: Laurent Gbagbo
Nederlands: Laurent Gbagbo
norsk nynorsk: Laurent Gbagbo
português: Laurent Gbagbo
русский: Гбагбо, Лоран
sicilianu: Laurent Gbagbo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Laurent Gbagbo
Türkçe: Laurent Gbagbo
українська: Лоран Гбагбо
Tiếng Việt: Laurent Gbagbo
Yorùbá: Laurent Gbagbo