Laurent Gbagbo

Laurent Gbagbo
IC Gbagbo Motta eng 195.jpg
4th President of Côte d'Ivoire
In office
26 October 2000 – 11 April 2011[note 1]
Prime MinisterSeydou Diarra
Pascal Affi N'Guessan
Seydou Diarra
Charles Konan Banny
Guillaume Soro
Gilbert Aké
Preceded byRobert Guéï
Succeeded byAlassane Ouattara
Personal details
Born
Koudou Laurent Gbagbo

(1945-05-31) 31 May 1945 (age 73)
Gagnoa, French West Africa
NationalityIvorian
Political partyIvorian Popular Front
Spouse(s)Simone Gbagbo
Alma materOfficial website

Koudou Laurent Gbagbo[note 2][1] (Gagnoa Bété: Gbagbo [ɡ͡baɡ͡bo]; French pronunciation: ​[loʁɑ̃ baɡbo]; born 31 May 1945) is an Ivorian politician who was the President of Côte d'Ivoire from 2000 until his arrest in April 2011. A historian, Gbagbo was imprisoned in the early 1970s and again in the early 1990s, and he lived in exile in France during much of the 1980s as a result of his union activism. Gbagbo founded the Ivorian Popular Front (FPI) in 1982 and ran unsuccessfully for president against Félix Houphouët-Boigny at the start of multi-party politics in 1990. He won a seat in the National Assembly of Côte d'Ivoire in 1990.

Gbagbo claimed victory after Robert Guéï, head of a military junta, barred other leading politicians from running in the October 2000 presidential election. The Ivorian people took to the streets, toppling Guéï. Gbagbo was then installed as president.

In the 2010 presidential election, Alassane Ouattara defeated Gbagbo, and was recognized as the winner by election observers, the international community, the African Union (AU), and the Economic Community of West African States. However, Gbagbo refused to step down, despite mounting international pressure.[2][3] The Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) announced that Ouattara had won the race with 54% of the vote, a tally that the United Nations concluded was credible; however, the Constitutional Council, a body dominated by pro-Gbagbo members, annulled the results in Ouattara's electoral strongholds in the north, claiming fraud, and declared Gbagbo the winner with 51% of the vote.[4] In December 2010, both Gbagbo and Ouattara assumed the presidency, triggering a short period of civil conflict in which about 3,000 people were killed.[5] Gbagbo was arrested the following year by pro-Ouattara forces, who were supported by French troops.[6] Gbagbo was extradited to The Hague in November 2011, where he was charged with four counts of crimes against humanity in the International Criminal Court in connection with the post-election violence.[5][7] Gbagbo was the first former head of state to be taken into the court's custody. In January 2019, an ICC panel dismissed the charges against Gbagbo and one of his former ministers, Charles Blé Goudé, determining that the evidence presented was insufficient to prove that the pair committed war crimes.[5][7] Prosecutors are appealing the decision, and Gbagbo remains detained pending the proceedings.[8]

Early life and academic career

Koudou Laurent Gbagbo was born on 31 May 1945 in Gagnoa in the then French West Africa. He became a history professor and an opponent of the regime of President Félix Houphouët-Boigny. He was imprisoned from 31 March 1971 to January 1973. In 1979, he obtained his doctorate at Paris Diderot University. In 1980, he became Director of the Institute of History, Art, and African Archeology at the University of Abidjan. He participated in a 1982 teachers' strike as a member of the National Trade Union of Research and Higher Education. Gbagbo went into exile in France.[9][10]

Other Languages
العربية: لوران غباغبو
беларуская: Ларан Гбагбо
Bikol Central: Laurent Gbagbo
brezhoneg: Laurent Gbagbo
čeština: Laurent Gbagbo
español: Laurent Gbagbo
Esperanto: Laurent Gbagbo
français: Laurent Gbagbo
Bahasa Indonesia: Laurent Gbagbo
italiano: Laurent Gbagbo
Basa Jawa: Laurent Gbagbo
ქართული: ლორან გბაგბო
қазақша: Лоран Гбагбо
lingála: Laurent Gbagbo
მარგალური: ლორან გბაგბო
Bahasa Melayu: Laurent Gbagbo
Nederlands: Laurent Gbagbo
norsk nynorsk: Laurent Gbagbo
português: Laurent Gbagbo
русский: Гбагбо, Лоран
sicilianu: Laurent Gbagbo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Laurent Gbagbo
Türkçe: Laurent Gbagbo
українська: Лоран Гбагбо
Tiếng Việt: Laurent Gbagbo
Yorùbá: Laurent Gbagbo