List of people described as the "Last of the Romans"
- Gaius Cassius Longinus (d. 42 BC), so called by Brutus and by the ancient historian Aulus Cremutius Cordus.
- Gaius Asinius Pollio (BC 75 – AD 4), one of the last great orators and writers of the Roman Republic.
- Valentinian I (321-375), the last Western Emperor to campaign extensively on both sides of the Rhine and Danube frontiers
- Valens (328–378), the Eastern Emperor (and brother of Valentinian I) who led his army to a catastrophic defeat in the Battle of Adrianople.
- Stilicho, a powerful Roman general in the early 5th century.. Touted by Edward Gibbon as '“the last of the Roman generals' in Chapter XXX of The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
- Flavius Aëtius (396?–454), a general in the late Western Roman Empire who defended the Gauls against the Franks and other barbarians, and defeated Attila in the Catalaunian Fields near Châlons, in 451. So called by Procopius.
- Count Boniface (died 432), a general in the late Western Roman Empire. Rival of Flavius Aëtius. So called by Procopius.
- Galla Placidia (388-450), empress consort to Constantius III and mother of Valentinian III, she was "the last Roman empress" and de facto ruler of the Western Roman Empire from 425-437.
- Majorian (420–461), Roman Emperor between 457 and 461. He was the last western emperor to attempt to restore the western empire, and briefly reconquered much of the lost territories in Gaul and Hispania.
- Ambrosius Aurelianus (5th century), a Romano-British military commander against the Anglo-Saxon invasion. So called by Gildas.
- Ovida (?–480) the last Roman commander in Illyricum, defeated and killed by Odoacer.
- Syagrius (430–486/487), the last Roman commander in Gaul (hailed as "King of the Romans") before the invasion of the Franks.
- Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (480–525?), one of the last great philosophers of Rome. He was regarded as last of the Romans and first of the medieval scholastics in a famous word by Martin Grabmann.
- Gildas (fl. early 6th century), Romano-British clergyman and writer.
- Justinian I "the Great" (482?–565), second of the Justinian Dynasty, and probably the last Byzantine emperor to speak Latin as a first language.
- Flavius Belisarius (505?–565), a widely acclaimed general of the Byzantine Empire under Justinian, known for his reconquest of portions of the Western Empire.
- Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator (c. 485 – c. 580), Roman statesman and writer.
- Gregory the Great (540?–604), an influential Pope and native to Rome.
- Desiderius of Cahors (580?–655), Gallo-Roman aristocrat and bishop.
- William Congreve, called "Ultimus Romanorum" by Alexander Pope.
- Samuel Johnson, called "Ultimus Romanorum" by Thomas Carlyle.
In the United States
In the United States, "last of the Romans" was used on numerous occasions during the early 19th century as an epithet for the political leaders and statesmen who participated in the American Revolution by signing the United States Declaration of Independence, taking part in the American Revolutionary War, or established the United States Constitution.