Kosovo Force

Kosovo Force
Insignia NATO Army KFOR.svg
The emblem of the KFOR, which contains Latin and Cyrillic script.
Founded11 June 1999; 20 years ago (1999-06-11)
Size3,500 personnel
Part of North Atlantic Treaty Organization
MG Lorenzo D'Addario, EI
Flag (2008–09)
Flag of the Kosovo Force (2008–2009).gif

The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international peacekeeping force which is responsible for establishing a safe and secure environment and freedom of movement for all in Kosovo. Its operations are being gradually reduced as Kosovo's Security Force, established in 2009, becomes self sufficient.[1]

The KFOR entered Kosovo on 11 June 1999,[2] two days after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1244. At the time, Kosovo was facing a grave humanitarian crisis, with military forces from Yugoslavia in action against the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in daily engagements. Nearly one million people had fled Kosovo as refugees by that time, and many did not permanently return.[1]

The KFOR has gradually transferred responsibilities to the Kosovo Police and other local authorities. As of February 2019, 28 states contribute to the KFOR, with a combined strength of more than 3,500 military and civilian personnel.[3]


Map of the KFOR's sectors in 2002.

NATO's initial mandate in 1999 for the KFOR was:[4]

  • to deter renewed hostility and threats against Kosovo by Yugoslav and Serbian forces;
  • to establish and maintain a secure environment in Kosovo, including public safety and civil order;
  • to demilitarize the Kosovo Liberation Army;
  • to support the international humanitarian effort;
  • to co-ordinate with and support the international civil presence.

Today, KFOR focuses on building a secure environment in which all citizens, irrespective of their ethnic origins, can live in peace and, with international aid, democracy and civil society are gradually gaining strength. KFOR tasks have included:[1]

  • assistance with the return or relocation of displaced persons and refugees;
  • reconstruction and demining;
  • medical assistance;
  • security and public order;
  • security of ethnic minorities;
  • protection of patrimonial sites;
  • border security;
  • interdiction of cross-border weapons smuggling;
  • implementation of a Kosovo-wide weapons, ammunition and explosives amnesty program;
  • weapons destruction;
  • support for the establishment of civilian institutions, law and order, the judicial and penal system, the electoral process and other aspects of the political, economic and social life of the province.

The Contact Group countries have said publicly that KFOR will remain in Kosovo to provide the security necessary to support the provisions of a final settlement of Kosovo's status.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: قوات كوسوفو
azərbaycanca: KFOR
čeština: KFOR
dansk: KFOR
Deutsch: KFOR
español: KFOR
Esperanto: KFOR
한국어: 코소보군
հայերեն: KFOR
hrvatski: KFOR
italiano: Kosovo Force
ქართული: KFOR
magyar: KFOR
Nederlands: Kosovo Force
日本語: KFOR
norsk: KFOR
polski: KFOR
português: Força do Cóssovo
română: KFOR
русский: KFOR
slovenčina: Sily pre Kosovo
slovenščina: KFOR
српски / srpski: КФОР
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: KFOR
suomi: KFOR
svenska: Kosovo Force
Türkçe: KFOR