Klaipėda

Klaipėda
City
Klaipėda in mid-July 2014
Klaipėda in mid-July 2014
Flag of Klaipėda
Flag
Coat of arms of Klaipėda
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Uostamiestis (port city), temporary capital of the Kingdom of Prussia[1]
Klaipėda is located in Lithuania
Klaipėda
Klaipėda
Location of Klaipėda in Lithuania
Klaipėda is located in Europe
Klaipėda
Klaipėda
Klaipėda (Europe)
Coordinates: 55°45′N 21°10′E / 55°45′N 21°10′E / 55.750; 21.167
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionLithuania Minor
CountyKlaipėda County
MunicipalityKlaipėda city municipality
Capital ofKlaipėda County
Klaipėda city municipality
First mentioned1252
Granted city rights1258
EldershipsMelnragė and Giruliai
Area
 • City110 km2 (40 sq mi)
 • Metro5,209 km2 (2,011 sq mi)
Elevation21 m (69 ft)
Population (2018)
 • City148,908[2]
 • Metro205,039including Klaipėda district municipality
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code91100-96226
Area code(s)(+370) 46
GDP (nominal),
Klaipėda County[3]
2016
 - Total€4.3 billion($10 billion, PPP)
 - Per capita€13,300($28,850, PPP)
Websitewww.klaipeda.lt

Klaipėda (Lithuanian pronunciation: [ˈkɫɐɪˑpʲeːdɐ], About this sound listen ; German name: Memel, Samogitian name: Klaipieda, Polish name: Kłajpeda), is a city in Lithuania on the Baltic Sea coast. It is the third largest city in Lithuania and the capital of Klaipėda County.

The city has a complex recorded history, partially due to the combined regional importance of the usually ice-free Port of Klaipėda at the mouth of the Akmena-Danė River. It was controlled by successive German states until the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. As a result of the 1923 Klaipėda Revolt it was added to Lithuania and has remained with Lithuania to this day, except for the period between 1939 and 1945 when it returned to Germany following the 1939 German ultimatum to Lithuania and the German–Soviet Union Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.

The population has shrunk from the city to suburbs/surrounding areas, The city itself had a population of 207,100 in 1992 to 157,350 in 2014, but the city is growing again.[4] Popular seaside resorts found close to Klaipėda are Nida to the south on the Curonian Spit, and Palanga to the north.

Names

Map of Old Town of Klaipėda

The Teutonic Knights built a castle in the *Pilsāts Land of the Curonians and named it Memelburg; later the name was shortened to Memel. From 1252–1923 and from 1939–1945, the town and city was officially named Memel. Between 1923 and 1939, both names were in official use; since 1945 the Lithuanian name of Klaipėda has been used.

The names Memelburg and Memel are found in most written sources from the 13th century onwards, while Klaipėda is found in Lithuania-related sources since the 15th century. The first time the city was mentioned as Caloypede in the letter of Vytautas in 1413,[5] for the second time in the negotiation documents of 1420 as Klawppeda,[6] and for the third time in the Treaty of Melno of 1422 as Cleupeda. According to Samogitian folk etymology, the name Klaipėda refers to the boggy terrain of the town (klaidyti=obstruct and pėda=foot). Most likely the name is of Curonian origin and means "even ground": "klais/klait" (flat, open, free) and "ped" (sole of the foot, ground).

The lower reaches of the Neman River were named either *Mēmele or *Mēmela by Scalovians and local Curonian inhabitants. In the Latvian Curonian language it means mute, silent (memelis, mimelis, mēms). This name was adopted by speakers of German and also chosen for the new city founded further away at the lagoon.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Klaipėda
Alemannisch: Klaipeda
አማርኛ: ክላይፔዳ
العربية: كلايبيدا
aragonés: Klaipėda
asturianu: Klaipėda
Aymar aru: Klaypida
azərbaycanca: Klaypeda
беларуская: Клайпеда
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Клайпеда
български: Клайпеда
brezhoneg: Klaipėda
català: Klaipėda
Чӑвашла: Клайпеда
čeština: Klaipėda
Cymraeg: Klaipėda
dansk: Klaipėda
Deutsch: Klaipėda
eesti: Klaipėda
Ελληνικά: Κλάιπεντα
español: Klaipėda
Esperanto: Klaipėda
euskara: Klaipeda
فارسی: کلایپدا
français: Klaipėda
Frysk: Klaipeda
Gàidhlig: Klaipėda
galego: Klaipeda
한국어: 클라이페다
հայերեն: Կլայպեդա
hornjoserbsce: Klaipėda
hrvatski: Klaipėda
Bahasa Indonesia: Klaipėda
Interlingue: Klaipėda
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᒃᓚᐊᐱᑕ/klaipita
íslenska: Klaipėda
italiano: Klaipėda
עברית: קלייפדה
kalaallisut: Klaipėda
ქართული: კლაიპედა
kernowek: Klaipėda
Kiswahili: Klaipėda
Кыргызча: Клайпеда
latgaļu: Klaipieda
Latina: Memela
latviešu: Klaipēda
Lëtzebuergesch: Klaipėda
lietuvių: Klaipėda
la .lojban.: tcadrklaipeda
Luganda: Klaipėda
magyar: Klaipėda
македонски: Клајпеда
Māori: Klaipėda
मराठी: क्लीपेदा
Bahasa Melayu: Klaipėda
монгол: Клейпеда
Dorerin Naoero: Klaipėda
Nederlands: Klaipėda (stad)
日本語: クライペダ
нохчийн: Клайпеда
norsk: Klaipėda
norsk nynorsk: Klaipėda
олык марий: Клайпеде
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Klaypeda
پنجابی: کلائیپیدا
Piemontèis: Klaipėda
Plattdüütsch: Memel (Stadt)
polski: Kłajpeda
português: Klaipėda
română: Klaipėda
русский: Клайпеда
Scots: Klaipėda
Seeltersk: Klaipėda
shqip: Klaipėda
sicilianu: Klaipeda
Simple English: Klaipėda
slovenčina: Klaipėda
ślůnski: Klaipėda
српски / srpski: Клајпеда
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Klaipėda
Basa Sunda: Klaipéda
suomi: Klaipėda
svenska: Klaipėda
татарча/tatarça: Клайпеда
Türkçe: Klaipėda
українська: Клайпеда
vepsän kel’: Klaiped
Tiếng Việt: Klaipėda
Volapük: Klaipėda
walon: Klaipeda
Winaray: Klaipėda
吴语: 克莱佩达
粵語: 克萊佩達
žemaitėška: Klaipieda
中文: 克莱佩达