Kist people

Kist men.jpg
Total population
15,000 (2014 census)
Regions with significant populations
Pankisi Gorge, Khevsureti, Tusheti and Kakheti (Georgia)
 Georgia5,700 (2014)[1]
Chechen, Georgian
Sunni Islam, animistic folk religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Chechens, Ingush, and Bats and other Northeast Caucasian peoples

The Kists (Georgian: ქისტები kist'ebi, Chechen: Kistoj, Kisti) are a Nakh ethnic group in Georgia. They primarily live in the Pankisi Gorge, in the eastern Georgian region of Kakheti, where there are approximately 9,000 Kist people.


The Kist people's origins can be traced back to their ancestral land in lower Chechnya. In the 1830s and 1870s they migrated to the eastern Georgian Pankisi Gorge and some adjoining lands of the provinces of Tusheti and Kakheti. Named "Kists" (ქისტები) in Georgian, they are closely related culturally, linguistically and ethnically to other Nakh-speaking peoples such as Ingushes and Chechens, but their customs and traditions share many similarities also with the eastern Georgian mountaineers.

Around the same region of Georgia, there is also a related but still different community of Nakh origin called Bats.

In 1886, a total of 2,314 Kists were recorded as living in Georgia. In the Russian Imperial Census of 1897, there were 2,502 Chechens living in Georgia, of which 2,397 lived in the Tionetskiy District (which included the Pankisi Valley). In the Soviet Census of 1939, the number of Chechens living in Georgia was recorded at 2,533 people.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: كيست
azərbaycanca: Kistlər
čeština: Kistové
Deutsch: Kisten
español: Kist
Esperanto: Kistoj
français: Kistines
galego: Pobo kist
עברית: כיסטים
ქართული: ქისტები
lietuvių: Kistinai
нохчийн: КистӀий
norsk: Kistere
polski: Kistowie
русский: Кистинцы
Türkçe: Kistler