Kispoko

Kispoko (also spelled Kiscopocoke, Kispokotha, Spitotha)[1] is the name of one of the five divisions (or septs) of the Shawnee, a Native American people. The Kispoko were the smallest of the five septs or divisions during the 18th century. They lived among the Creek as early as 1650, having been driven from their Ohio country homeland by the Iroquois Confederacy during the Beaver Wars. They returned about 1759. The other four divisions were the Chalahgawtha, Mekoche, Pekowi, and Hathawekela. (Each of the five division names have been spelled in a great variety of ways.) Together these divisions formed the loose confederacy that was the Shawnee tribe. The septs tended to serve different functions for the overall confederacy.

Traditionally, the Shawnee had a patrilineal system, by which descent and inheritance went through paternal lines. The war chiefs were hereditary and descended from their paternal line in the Kispoko division.[2]

While historians have held that most of this sept relocated west of the Mississippi River in the 19th century, in the 20th and 21st centuries, two groups have organized and identified as Kispoko of the Shawnee; they are documented in Ohio and Indiana. Neither has any official recognition by respective state or federal governments.

Kispoko in Ohio

The Shawnee village of Peckuwe, which was located at 39° 54.5′ N, 83° 54.68′ W, near Springfield, Ohio was home to the Peckuwe and Kispoko divisions of the Shawnee Tribe until the Battle of Piqua, August 8, 1780, when they were defeated by European-American colonists. The Piqua Sept of Ohio Shawnee Tribe have placed a traditional cedar pole in commemoration, located "on the southern edge of the George Rogers Clark Historical Park, in the lowlands in front of the park's 'Hertzler House.'"[3] Another Shawnee settlement in Ohio was called "Kispoko Town."

"Kispoko Town" was situated on the east bank of the [Scioto] river, across from the Pickaway Plains about midway between present day Circleville and Chillicothe. This town was peopled by the Chalahgawatha sept of the Shawnee tribe, one of five divisions making up the Shawnee Nation. The principal Chiefs of this area were the legendary Chief Cornstalk (Hokolewqua) and his tall sister, Grenadier Squaw (Non-hel-e-ma), who stood at six and a half feet tall.[4]

Other Languages
hrvatski: Kispoko
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kispoko