Kingdom of Sikkim

Kingdom of Sikkim
འབྲས་ལྗོངས། (Sikkimese)
Drenjong
འབྲས་མོ་གཤོངས། (Classical Tibetan)
Dremoshong
ᰕᰚᰬᰯ ᰜᰤᰴ (Lepcha)
Mayel Lyang
  • Protectorate of Tibet (–1890)
    • Nepalese domination (1776–1792)
    • Nepalese presence (1792–1816)
    • British presence (1816–1890)
  • Protectorate of the British Empire (1861–1947)[1]
  • Protectorate of India (1950–1975)
1642–1975
Anthem
Drenjong Silé Yang Chhagpa Chilo [2]
Why is Sikkim Blooming So Fresh and Beautiful?
Historical map of Sikkim in northeastern India
Capital
Languages
Official language
Chöke, Sikkimese
Other common languages
Lepcha (early period)
Nepali (late period)
ReligionMahayana Buddhism
DemonymDrenjop, Sikkimese
GovernmentMonarchy
Chogyal
 • 1642–1670Phuntsog Namgyal (first)
 • 1963–1975Palden Thondup Namgyal (last)
LegislatureState Council of Sikkim
History
 • Established1642
 • Treaty of Titalia signed1817
 • Darjeeling gifted to British India1835
 • Palden Thondup Namgyal forced to abdicate1975
 • Merger with India16 May 1975
Succeeded by
Sikkim
Today part of India

The Kingdom of Sikkim (Classical Tibetan and Sikkimese: འབྲས་ལྗོངས། Drenjong), earlier known as Dremoshong (Classical Tibetan and Sikkimese: འབྲས་མོ་གཤོངས།, official name until 1800s), was a hereditary monarchy from 1642 to 16 May 1975 in the Eastern Himalayas. It was ruled by Chogyals of the Namgyal dynasty.

History

Nepalese domination

In the mid-18th century, Sikkim was invaded by Nepal (then the Gorkha Kingdom) and was under the Gorkha rule for more than 40 years. Between 1775 and 1815, almost 180,000 ethnic Nepalis[citation needed] from Eastern and Central Nepal migrated to Sikkim[citation needed]. After the British colonisation of India, however, Sikkim allied itself with British India as they had a common enemy – Nepal.[citation needed] The infuriated Nepalese attacked Sikkim with vengeance, overrunning most of the region including the Terai. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal in 1814, resulting in the Anglo-Nepalese War[citation needed]. The Sugauli Treaty between Britain and Nepal and the Treaty of Titalia between Sikkim and British India resulted in territorial concessions by Nepal, which ceded Sikkim to British India.[3]

British and Indian protectorate

Under the 1861 Treaty of Tumlong Sikkim became a British protectorate, then an Indian protectorate in 1950.[4]

Annexation by India

In 1975, allegations of discrimination against Nepali Hindus in Sikkim lead to resentment against the Chogyal.[5][6] Their instigation led to Indian Army personnel moving into Gangtok. According to Sunanda K. Datta-Ray of The Statesman, the army killed the palace guards and surrounded the palace in April 1975.[4][dead link]

After disarming the palace, a referendum on the monarchy was held, in which the Sikkimese people overwhelmingly voted to abolish the monarchy, and the new parliament of Sikkim, led by Kazi Lhendup Dorjee, proposed a bill for Sikkim to become an Indian state, which was promptly accepted by the Government of India.[7][4]

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Sikkim ông-kok
español: Reino de Sikkim
한국어: 시킴 왕국
Bahasa Indonesia: Kerajaan Sikkim
italiano: Sikkim (stato)
Nederlands: Koninkrijk Sikkim
português: Reino de Siquim
Tiếng Việt: Vương quốc Sikkim
中文: 锡金王国