King of Saudi Arabia

King of Saudi Arabia
ملك المملكة العربية السعودية
Royal Standard of Saudi Arabia.svg
Incumbent
Rodrigo Duterte meets with Salman of Saudi Arabia (2017-04-11) (cropped).jpg
Salman
since 23 January 2015
Details
StyleCustodian of the Two Holy Mosques (Formal)
Your Majesty (Informal)
Heir apparentMohammad bin Salman
First monarchIbn Saud
Formation22 September 1932
ResidenceKing's Palace
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Saudi Arabia
Basic Law
Foreign relations

The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's absolute monarch who serves as head of state and head of government. He is the head of the Saudi royal family, the House of Saud. The King is called the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (خادم الحرمين الشريفين), a title that signifies Saudi Arabia's jurisdiction over the mosques of Masjid al Haram in Mecca and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, replacing His Majesty in 1986.

History

King Abdulaziz (known in the West as Ibn Saud) began conquering today's Saudi Arabia in 1902, by restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh. He then proceeded to conquer first the Nejd (1922) and then the Hejaz (1925).

Ibn Saud proclaimed his dominions as the Sultanate of Nejd in 1921, shortly before completing the conquest of the region. He was proclaimed king/malik of Hejaz in 1926, and raised Nejd to a kingdom as well in 1927. For the next five-odd years, Ibn Saud administered the two parts of his realm as separate units. In 1932, he formally united his territories into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Other Languages
Bahasa Indonesia: Daftar Raja Arab Saudi
Bahasa Melayu: Raja Arab Saudi
Simple English: King of Saudi Arabia
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kralj Saudijske Arabije
Basa Sunda: Raja Saudi Arabia
Tiếng Việt: Vua Ả Rập Xê Út