Kimigayo

  • (きみ) ()
    english: his imperial majesty's reign
    "kimigayo"
    kimigayo.score.svg
    score of "kimigayo"

    national anthem of  japan
    lyricswaka poem,
    heian period (794–1185)
    music yoshiisa oku and akimori hayashi (arranged by franz eckert, 1880)
    adopted1888 (de facto, by the empire of japan); 13 august 1999 (de jure)
    relinquished1945 (by the empire of japan)
    audio sample
    "kimigayo" (instrumental)
    • file
    • help

    "kimigayo" (君が代, japanese pronunciation: [kimiɡajo]; "his imperial majesty's reign") is the national anthem of japan. its lyrics are the oldest among the world's national anthems, and with a length of 11 measures and 32 characters, "kimigayo" is also one of the world's shortest. its lyrics are from a waka poem written by an unnamed author in the heian period (794–1185),[1] and the current melody was chosen in 1880, replacing an unpopular melody composed by john william fenton eleven years earlier. while the title "kimigayo" is usually translated as "his imperial majesty's reign", no official translation of the title or lyrics has been established in law.[2]

    from 1888 to 1945, "kimigayo" served as the national anthem of the empire of japan. when the empire was dissolved following its surrender at the end of world war ii, the state of japan succeeded it in 1945. this successor state was a parliamentary democracy, and the polity therefore changed from a system based on imperial sovereignty to one based on popular sovereignty. however, emperor hirohito was not dethroned and "kimigayo" was still retained as the de facto national anthem. the passage of the act on national flag and anthem in 1999 recognized it as the official national and imperial anthem.

  • etymology
  • history
  • protocol
  • present-day perception
  • lyrics
  • controversies
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

(きみ) ()
English: His Imperial Majesty's Reign
"Kimigayo"
Kimigayo.score.svg
Score of "Kimigayo"

National anthem of  Japan
Lyricswaka poem,
Heian period (794–1185)
Music Yoshiisa Oku and Akimori Hayashi (arranged by Franz Eckert, 1880)
Adopted1888 (de facto, by the Empire of Japan); 13 August 1999 (de jure)
Relinquished1945 (by the Empire of Japan)
Audio sample
"Kimigayo" (instrumental)

"Kimigayo" (君が代, Japanese pronunciation: [kimiɡajo]; "His Imperial Majesty's Reign") is the national anthem of Japan. Its lyrics are the oldest among the world's national anthems, and with a length of 11 measures and 32 characters, "Kimigayo" is also one of the world's shortest. Its lyrics are from a waka poem written by an unnamed author in the Heian period (794–1185),[1] and the current melody was chosen in 1880, replacing an unpopular melody composed by John William Fenton eleven years earlier. While the title "Kimigayo" is usually translated as "His Imperial Majesty's Reign", no official translation of the title or lyrics has been established in law.[2]

From 1888 to 1945, "Kimigayo" served as the national anthem of the Empire of Japan. When the Empire was dissolved following its surrender at the end of World War II, the State of Japan succeeded it in 1945. This successor state was a parliamentary democracy, and the polity therefore changed from a system based on imperial sovereignty to one based on popular sovereignty. However, Emperor Hirohito was not dethroned and "Kimigayo" was still retained as the de facto national anthem. The passage of the Act on National Flag and Anthem in 1999 recognized it as the official national and imperial anthem.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kimi ga Yo
asturianu: Kimi ga yo
azərbaycanca: Yaponiya himni
Bân-lâm-gú: Kun chi Tāi
беларуская: Гімн Японіі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кімі Га Ё
Bikol Central: Kimigayo
български: Химн на Япония
català: Kimigayo
čeština: Japonská hymna
dansk: Kimigayo
Deutsch: Kimi Ga Yo
eesti: Kimi ga yo
Ελληνικά: Kimi Ga Yo
español: Kimigayo
Esperanto: Kimi Ga Jo
euskara: Kimi Ga Yo
français: Kimi ga yo
Gaeilge: Kimi ga Yo
galego: Kimigayo
한국어: 일본의 국가
हिन्दी: किमिगायो
hrvatski: Kimi ga Yo
Bahasa Indonesia: Kimigayo
isiZulu: Kimi Ga Yo
italiano: Kimi ga yo
עברית: המנון יפן
ქართული: კიმი გა იო
қазақша: Кими га ё
Latina: Kimi ga yo
latviešu: Japānas himna
lietuvių: Japonijos himnas
मराठी: किमिगायो
Bahasa Melayu: Kimigayo
Nederlands: Kimigayo
日本語: 君が代
norsk: Kimi Ga Yo
norsk nynorsk: Kimigayo
پنجابی: کی می گائیو
ភាសាខ្មែរ: គិមិង៉ាយ៉ុ
Tok Pisin: Kimi ga Yo
polski: Hymn Japonii
português: Kimigayo
română: Kimigayo
русский: Гимн Японии
саха тыла: Kimi ga Yo
Scots: Kimigayo
shqip: Kimi Ga Yo
Simple English: Kimi Ga Yo
slovenčina: Kimigajo
slovenščina: Kimi Ga Yo
српски / srpski: Химна Јапана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kimigayo
suomi: Kimi ga yo
svenska: Kimi ga yo
Tagalog: Kimi ga Yo
Türkçe: Kimigayo
українська: Гімн Японії
Tiếng Việt: Kimigayo
文言: 君之代
粵語: 君之代
žemaitėška: Japuonėjes gimnos
中文: 君之代