Khitan language

Khitan (Large Script).svg
Khitan (Small Script).svg
Native tonortheastern China, southeastern Mongolia, eastern Siberia
Extinctc. 1243 (Yelü Chucai, last person known who could speak and write Khitan)
Khitan large script and Khitan small script
Language codes
ISO 639-3zkt

Khitan or Kitan (Khitan (Large Script).svg in large script or Khitan (Small Script).svg in small, Khitai;[3] Chinese: t 契丹, Qìdānyǔ), also known as Liao, is a now-extinct language once spoken by the Khitan people (4th to 13th century). It was the official language of the Liao Empire (907–1125) and the Qara Khitai (1124–1218).


Khitan appears to have been related to the Mongolic languages;[4] Juha Janhunen states, "[T]he conception is gaining support that Khitan was a language in some respects radically different from the historically known Mongolic languages. If this view proves to be correct, Khitan is, indeed, best classified as a Para-Mongolic language."[1]

Alexander Vovin (2017) notes that Khitan has many Koreanic loanwords, pointing to intensive contact between Korean and Khitans.[5] Both of the Korean's Goryeo dynasty and Khitan's Liao dynasty claimed themselves to be successors of Goguryeo, thus it is possible to assume the Koreanic words in Khitan are derived from the language of Goguryeo.[citation needed]

Other Languages
asturianu: Idioma khitan
azərbaycanca: Xitay dili
Чӑвашла: Кидань чĕлхи
español: Idioma khitan
français: Khitan (langue)
한국어: 거란어
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Khitan
magyar: Kitaj nyelv
македонски: Кидански јазик
日本語: 契丹語
norsk: Khitansk
پنجابی: ختانی بولی
Simple English: Khitan language
Türkçe: Hitay dili
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Khiết Đan
中文: 契丹語