Khartoum

Khartoum

الخرطوم
Khartoum downtown
Khartoum downtown
Flag of Khartoum
Flag
Nickname(s): 
"Triangular Capital"
Khartoum is located in Sudan
Khartoum
Khartoum
Location in Sudan and Africa
Khartoum is located in Africa
Khartoum
Khartoum
Khartoum (Africa)
Coordinates: 15°30′2″N 32°33′36″E / 15°30′2″N 32°33′36″E / 15.50056; 32.56000(urban 2014, all others 2013)[3][4]
 • City639,598
 • Urban
5,490,000
 • Metro
5,274,321
DemonymsKhartoumese, Khartoumian (the latter more properly designates a Mesolithic archaeological stratum)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)

Khartoum or Khartum (m/ TOOM;[5][6] Arabic: ٱلْخُرْطُوم‎, romanizedAl-Khurṭūm) is the capital and largest city of Sudan. The city is also the capital of the state of Khartoum. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as al-Mogran or al-Muqran (المقرن; English: "The Confluence"). The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.

Divided by the two Rivers Nile, Khartoum is a tripartite metropolis with an estimated overall population of over five million people, consisting of Khartoum proper, and linked by bridges to Khartoum North (الخرطوم بحري al-Kharṭūm Baḥrī) and Omdurman (أم درمان Umm Durmān) to the west.

Etymology

The origin of the word Khartoum is uncertain. One theory argues that it is derived from Arabic khurṭūm (خرطوم, "trunk" or "hose"), probably referring to the narrow strip of land extending between the Blue and White Niles.[7] Dinka scholars argue that the name derives from the Dinka words khar-tuom (Dinka-Bor dialect) or khier-tuom (as is the pronunciation in various Dinka Diaelects), translating to "place where rivers meet". This is supported by historical accounts which place the Dinka homeland in central Sudan (around present-day Khartoum) as recently as the 13th-17th centuries A.D.[8] Captain J.A. Grant, who reached Khartoum in 1863 with Captain Speke's expedition, thought the name was most probably from the Arabic qurtum (قرطم, "safflower", i.e., Carthamus tinctorius), which was cultivated extensively in Egypt for its oil to be used as fuel.[9] Some scholars speculate that the word derives from the Nubian word Agartum ("the abode of Atum"), the Nubian and Egyptian god of creation. Other Beja scholars suggest Khartoum is derived from the Beja word hartoom, "meeting".[10][11] Additionally, the dream-interpreting magicians in Genesis 41:8 are referred to as חַרְטֻמֵּ֥י מצרים (Khartoumay Miṣrayim, "Magicians of Egypt"). There is some speculation that they learned their craft at an academy in the south of Egypt from which the city takes its name.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Acèh: Khartoum
Afrikaans: Khartoem
Akan: Khartoum
አማርኛ: ካርቱም
العربية: الخرطوم
asturianu: Ḥartum
azərbaycanca: Xartum
تۆرکجه: خرطوم
বাংলা: খার্তুম
Bân-lâm-gú: Khartoum
беларуская: Хартум
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хартум
Bikol Central: Khartoum
български: Хартум
བོད་ཡིག: ཁར་ཏུམ།
bosanski: Kartum
brezhoneg: C'hartoum
català: Khartum
Чӑвашла: Хартум
čeština: Chartúm
chiShona: Khartoum
corsu: Khartoum
Cymraeg: Khartoum
dansk: Khartoum
Deutsch: Khartum
eesti: Hartum
Ελληνικά: Χαρτούμ
español: Jartum
Esperanto: Ĥartumo
euskara: Khartum
فارسی: خارطوم
Fiji Hindi: Khartoum
føroyskt: Khartoum
français: Khartoum
Frysk: Kartûm
Gaeilge: Cartúm
Gàidhlig: Khartoum
galego: Khartún
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Khartoum
한국어: 하르툼
Hausa: Khartoum
հայերեն: Խարթում
Արեւմտահայերէն: Խարթում
हिन्दी: खार्तूम
hrvatski: Khartoum
Bahasa Indonesia: Khartoum
Interlingue: Cartum
Ирон: Хартум
íslenska: Kartúm
italiano: Khartum
עברית: ח'רטום
Jawa: Khartoum
Kabɩyɛ: Kaartum
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಖಾರ್ಟೂಂ
ქართული: ხარტუმი
Kiswahili: Khartoum
Kongo: Khartoum
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kartoum
Кыргызча: Хартум
кырык мары: Хартум
Latina: Khartum
latviešu: Hartūma
Lëtzebuergesch: Khartum
lietuvių: Chartumas
Ligure: Khartum
Lingua Franca Nova: Khartoum
lumbaart: Khartum
magyar: Kartúm
македонски: Картум
Malagasy: Khartoum
മലയാളം: ഖാർത്തൂം
मराठी: खार्टूम
მარგალური: ხარტუმი
مصرى: الخرطوم
Bahasa Melayu: Khartoum
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Khartoum
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ခါတွမ်းမြို့
Nāhuatl: Cartun
Nederlands: Khartoem
日本語: ハルツーム
нохчийн: Хартум
norsk: Khartoum
norsk nynorsk: Khartoum
occitan: Khartom
Oromoo: Kaartum
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xartum
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਖ਼ਰਤੂਮ
پنجابی: خرطوم
Papiamentu: Kartum
پښتو: خرطوم
Piemontèis: Khartoum
Plattdüütsch: Khartum
polski: Chartum
português: Cartum
română: Khartoum
русский: Хартум
Scots: Khartoum
Simple English: Khartoum
slovenčina: Chartúm (mesto)
slovenščina: Kartum
ślůnski: Chartům
Soomaaliga: Khartuum
کوردی: خەرتووم
српски / srpski: Картум
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kartum
suomi: Khartum
svenska: Khartoum
Tagalog: Hartum
Taqbaylit: Xerṭum
татарча/tatarça: Хартум
тоҷикӣ: Хартум
Türkçe: Hartum
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Kaartuɔ̈m
удмурт: Хартум
українська: Хартум
اردو: خرطوم
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: خارتۇم
vèneto: Khartoum
vepsän kel’: Hartum
Tiếng Việt: Khartoum
Winaray: Khartoum
Wolof: Xartum
吴语: 喀土穆
Yorùbá: Khartoum
粵語: 喀土穆
Zazaki: Xartum
中文: 喀土穆