Ket language

Остыганна ӄа'
Native toRussia
RegionKrasnoyarsk Krai
Ethnicity1,220 Ket people (2010 census)[citation needed]
Native speakers
213 (2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ket
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The Ket t/[3] language, or more specifically Imbak and formerly known as Yenisei Ostyak k/,[3] is a Siberian language long thought to be an isolate, the sole surviving language of a Yeniseian language family. It is spoken along the middle Yenisei basin by the Ket people.

The language is threatened with extinction—the number of ethnic Kets that are native speakers of the language dropped from 1,225 in 1926 to 537 in 1989. According to the UNESCO census, this number has since fallen to 150. There was a 2005 census reporting 485, but it is suspected to be inflated.[4] Another Yeniseian language, Yugh, is believed to have recently become extinct.


The Ket language is part of The Yeniseian language family. Several linguist, including Joseph Greenberg, proposed a link between Ket, other Yeniseian languages and the Na-Dene language group of North America in his final study about Eurasian languages. In February 2008, the linguist Edward Vajda also submitted a paper on the proposed link between Ket with the Na-Dene languages. Now published in 2010, Vajda's paper has been favorably reviewed by several experts on Na-Dene and Yeniseian languages, including Michael Krauss, Jeff Leer, James Kari, and Heinrich Werner, as well as a number of other well-known linguists, including Bernard Comrie, Johanna Nichols, Victor Golla, Michael Fortescue, and Eric Hamp, so that a broad consensus has formed in support of this connection.

Attempts have been made by Soviet scholars to establish a relationship with either Burushaski or the Sino-Tibetan languages, and it frequently forms part of the Dene–Caucasian hypothesis. None of these attempts has been conclusive. Some experts on Yeniseian remain extremely skeptical and reject the hypothesis (e.g. Stefan Georg).[5]

Other Languages
العربية: لغة كيتية
asturianu: Idioma ket
azərbaycanca: Ket dili
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кецкая мова
български: Кетски език
brezhoneg: Keteg
català: Quet
Чӑвашла: Кет чĕлхи
čeština: Ketština
davvisámegiella: Ketagiella
español: Idioma ket
Esperanto: Keta lingvo
한국어: 케트어
hrvatski: Ketski jezik
italiano: Lingua ket
ქართული: კეტური ენა
коми: Кет кыв
Кыргызча: Кет тили
кырык мары: Кет йӹлмӹ
lietuvių: Ketų kalba
Lingua Franca Nova: Cet (lingua)
Nederlands: Ket (taal)
日本語: ケット語
norsk: Ketisk
norsk nynorsk: Ketisk
Piemontèis: Lenga ket
português: Língua ket
русский: Кетский язык
svenska: Ketiska
தமிழ்: கெட் மொழி
Türkçe: Ketçe
українська: Кетська мова
vepsän kel’: Ketan kel'
中文: 愒語