Kerala

  • kerala
    state
    niyamasabha.jpg
    boathouse (7063399547).jpg
    rice fields of kuttanad.jpg
    the view of the athirapally falls during the onset of monsoon.jpg
    01kovalambeach&kerala.jpg
    രുസ്വവ4.jpg
    clockwise from top:
    niyamasabha mandiram, rice fields of kuttanad,
    kovalam beach, kathakali performer, athirappilly falls, boathouse
    official logo of kerala
    emblem
    nickname(s): 
    god's own country, spice garden of india, land of coconuts, land of trees
    location of kerala
    location of kerala
    coordinates (thiruvananthapuram): 8°30′n 77°00′e / 8°30′n 77°00′e / 8.5; 77
    capitalthiruvananthapuram
    districts14
    government
     • bodygovernment of kerala
     • governorarif mohammad khan (bjp)
     • chief ministerpinarayi vijayan (cpi(m))
     • legislatureunicameral (141 seats)
     • parliamentary constituencies
    • rajya sabha 9
    • lok sabha 20
     • high courtkerala high court kochi
    area
     • total38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi)
    area rank23rd
    highest elevation
    (anamudi)
    2,695 m (8,842 ft)
    lowest elevation
    (kuttanad)
    −2.2 m (−7.2 ft)
    population
     (2011)[1]
     • total33,387,677
     • rank13th
     • density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
    demonym(s)keralite, malayali
    gdp (2017–18)
    [2][3]
     • total8.76 trillion (us$120 billion)
     • per capita199,101 (us$2,800)
    languages
     • officialmalayalam[4]
     • additional officialenglish[5]
    time zoneutc+05:30 (ist)
    iso 3166 codein-kl
    vehicle registrationkl
    hdi (2018)increase 0.784[6] (high) · 1st
    literacy (2011)94%[7]
    sex ratio (2011)1084 /1000 [7]
    websitekerala.gov.in
    symbols
    mammal
    elephas maximus (bandipur).jpg
    indian elephant
    bird
    great hornbill goa.jpg
    great hornbill
    fish
    etroplus suratensis.jpg
    green chromide
    butterfly
    malabarbandedpeacock chamakkav basking.jpg
    papilio buddha[8]
    flower
    konnamaram.jpg
    kanikonna
    fruit
    jackfruit hanging.jpg
    jackfruit [9]
    tree
    coconut green.jpg
    coconut tree[10]

    kerala (ə/ (about this soundlisten)) is a state on the southwestern malabar coast of india. it was formed on 1 november 1956, following the passage of the states reorganisation act, by combining malayalam-speaking regions of the erstwhile states of travancore-cochin and madras. spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), kerala is the twenty-third largest indian state by area. it is bordered by karnataka to the north and northeast, tamil nadu to the east and south, and the lakshadweep sea[11] to the west. with 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 census, kerala is the thirteenth-largest indian state by population. it is divided into 14 districts with the capital being thiruvananthapuram. malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.[12]

    the chera dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in kerala. the ay kingdom in the deep south and the ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the common era (ce or ad). the region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 bce. the region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of pliny as well as the periplus around 100 ce. in the 15th century, the spice trade attracted portuguese traders to kerala, and paved the way for european colonisation of india. at the time of indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in kerala-travancore state and the kingdom of cochin. they united to form the state of thiru-kochi in 1949. the malabar region, in the northern part of kerala, had been a part of the madras province of british india, which later became a part of the madras state post-independence. after the states reorganisation act, 1956, the modern-day state of kerala was formed by merging the malabar district of madras state (excluding gudalur taluk of nilgiris district, topslip, the attappadi forest east of anakatti), the state of thiru-kochi (excluding four southern taluks of kanyakumari district, shenkottai and tenkasi taluks), and the taluk of kasaragod (now kasaragod district) in south canara (tulunad) which was a part of madras state.

    the economy of kerala is the 11th-largest state economy in india with 8.76 trillion (us$120 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita gdp of 199,000 (us$2,800).[2][3] kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in india, 3.44%; the highest human development index (hdi), 0.784 in 2018 (0.712 in 2015); the highest literacy rate, 93.91% in the 2011 census; the highest life expectancy, 77 years; and the highest sex ratio, 1,084 women per 1,000 men. the state has witnessed significant emigration, especially to the arab states of the persian gulf during the gulf boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its economy depends significantly on remittances from a large malayali expatriate community. hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by islam and christianity. the culture is a synthesis of aryan, dravidian, arab, and european cultures,[13] developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of india and abroad.

    the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output. in the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. the state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres (370 mi), and around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. the state has the highest media exposure in india with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly english and malayalam. kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of india, with backwaters, hill stations, beaches, ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions.

  • etymology
  • history
  • geography
  • flora and fauna
  • subdivisions
  • government and administration
  • economy
  • transportation
  • demographics
  • education
  • culture
  • media
  • sports
  • tourism
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Kerala
Niyamasabha.jpg
Boathouse (7063399547).jpg
Rice fields of Kuttanad.jpg
The View of the Athirapally Falls during the onset of Monsoon.jpg
01KovalamBeach&Kerala.jpg
രുസ്വവ4.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Niyamasabha Mandiram, Rice fields of Kuttanad,
Kovalam Beach, Kathakali performer, Athirappilly Falls, Boathouse
Nickname(s): 
God's Own Country, Spice Garden of India, Land of Coconuts, Land of Trees
Location of Kerala
Location of Kerala
Coordinates (Thiruvananthapuram): 8°30′N 77°00′E / 8°30′N 77°00′E / 8.5; 77
CapitalThiruvananthapuram
Districts14
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Kerala
 • GovernorArif Mohammad Khan (BJP)
 • Chief MinisterPinarayi Vijayan (CPI(M))
 • LegislatureUnicameral (141 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituencies
 • High CourtKerala High Court Kochi
Area
 • Total38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi)
Area rank23rd
Highest elevation2,695 m (8,842 ft)
Lowest elevation−2.2 m (−7.2 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total33,387,677
 • Rank13th
 • Density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Keralite, Malayali
GDP (2017–18)
 • Total8.76 trillion (US$120 billion)
 • Per capita199,101 (US$2,800)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam[4]
 • Additional officialEnglish[5]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-KL
Vehicle registrationKL
HDI (2018)Increase 0.784[6] (High) · 1st
Literacy (2011)94%[7]
Sex ratio (2011)1084 /1000 [7]
Websitekerala.gov.in
Symbols
Mammal
Elephas maximus (Bandipur).jpg
Indian Elephant
Bird
Great Hornbill Goa.jpg
Great hornbill
Fish
Etroplus suratensis.jpg
Green chromide
Butterfly
MalabarBandedPeacock Chamakkav Basking.jpg
Papilio buddha[8]
Flower
Konnamaram.JPG
Kanikonna
Fruit
Jackfruit hanging.JPG
Jackfruit [9]
Tree
Coconut green.JPG
Coconut tree[10]

Kerala (ə/ (About this soundlisten)) is a state on the southwestern Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following the passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions of the erstwhile states of Travancore-Cochin and Madras. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), Kerala is the twenty-third largest Indian state by area. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea[11] to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.[12]

The Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era (CE or AD). The region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE. In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, and paved the way for European colonisation of India. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin. They united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949. The Malabar region, in the northern part of Kerala, had been a part of the Madras province of British India, which later became a part of the Madras State post-independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State (excluding Gudalur taluk of Nilgiris district, Topslip, the Attappadi Forest east of Anakatti), the state of Thiru-Kochi (excluding four southern taluks of Kanyakumari district, Shenkottai and Tenkasi taluks), and the taluk of Kasaragod (now Kasaragod District) in South Canara (Tulunad) which was a part of Madras State.

The economy of Kerala is the 11th-largest state economy in India with 8.76 trillion (US$120 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of 199,000 (US$2,800).[2][3] Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%; the highest Human Development Index (HDI), 0.784 in 2018 (0.712 in 2015); the highest literacy rate, 93.91% in the 2011 census; the highest life expectancy, 77 years; and the highest sex ratio, 1,084 women per 1,000 men. The state has witnessed significant emigration, especially to the Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its economy depends significantly on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community. Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan, Dravidian, Arab, and European cultures,[13] developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad.

The production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. The state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres (370 mi), and around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions.

Other Languages
Acèh: Kerala
Afrikaans: Kerala
Alemannisch: Kerala
አማርኛ: ኬረለ
العربية: كيرلا
অসমীয়া: কেৰেলা
asturianu: Kerala
azərbaycanca: Kerala
تۆرکجه: کرالا
বাংলা: কেরল
Bân-lâm-gú: Kerala
беларуская: Керала
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Керала
भोजपुरी: केरल
български: Керала
བོད་ཡིག: ཀེ་ར་ལཱ།
bosanski: Kerala
brezhoneg: Kerala
català: Kerala
Чӑвашла: Керала
čeština: Kérala
Cymraeg: Kerala
dansk: Kerala
Deutsch: Kerala
ދިވެހިބަސް: ކެރެލާ
डोटेली: केरल
eesti: Kerala
Ελληνικά: Κεράλα
español: Kerala
Esperanto: Keralo
euskara: Kerala
فارسی: کرالا
Fiji Hindi: Kerala
français: Kerala
Gaeilge: Kerala
Gàidhlig: Kerala
ગુજરાતી: કેરળ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: केरळ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kerala
한국어: 케랄라주
հայերեն: Կերալա
हिन्दी: केरल
hornjoserbsce: Kerala
hrvatski: Kerala
Ido: Kerala
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কেরালা
Bahasa Indonesia: Kerala
íslenska: Kerala
italiano: Kerala
עברית: קרלה
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕೇರಳ
Kapampangan: Kerala
ქართული: კერალა
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: کیرل
Kiswahili: Kerala
لۊری شومالی: کرالا
Latina: Malabaria
latviešu: Kerala
lietuvių: Kerala
magyar: Kerala
मैथिली: केरल
македонски: Керала
Malagasy: Kerala
മലയാളം: കേരളം
मराठी: केरळ
მარგალური: კერალა
مصرى: كيرالا
Bahasa Melayu: Kerala
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kerala
монгол: Керала
Nederlands: Kerala
नेपाली: केरला
नेपाल भाषा: केरल
日本語: ケーララ州
нохчийн: Керала
Nordfriisk: Kerala
norsk: Kerala
norsk nynorsk: Kerala
occitan: Kerala
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କେରଳ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kerala
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੇਰਲਾ
پنجابی: کیرالہ
پښتو: کيرالا
polski: Kerala
português: Querala
română: Kerala
русский: Керала
संस्कृतम्: केरळराज्यम्
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱠᱮᱨᱟᱞᱟ
Scots: Kerala
shqip: Kerala
සිංහල: කේරළය
Simple English: Kerala
سنڌي: ڪيرالا
slovenčina: Kérala
slovenščina: Kerala
کوردی: کێرالا
српски / srpski: Керала
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kerala
suomi: Kerala
svenska: Kerala
Tagalog: Kerala
தமிழ்: கேரளம்
татарча/tatarça: Керала
తెలుగు: కేరళ
тоҷикӣ: Керала
ತುಳು: ಕೇರಳ
Türkçe: Kerala
українська: Керала
اردو: کیرلا
vèneto: Kerala
Tiếng Việt: Kerala
Winaray: Kerala
吴语: 喀拉拉邦
ייִדיש: קעראלא
Yorùbá: Kerala
粵語: 基拉拉邦
中文: 喀拉拉邦