Kenya

Republic of Kenya
Jamhuri ya Kenya (Swahili)
Motto: "Harambee" (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
O God of all creation
Location of  Kenya  (dark blue)in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Kenya  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Kenya
Capital
and largest city
Nairobi
1°16′S 36°48′E / 1°16′S 36°48′E / -1.267; 36.800
Official languages
National languageSwahili[1]
Ethnic groups (2018[2])
DemonymKenyan
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta
William Ruto
Kenneth Lusaka
Justin Muturi
David Maraga
Githu Muigai
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
12 December 1963
• Republic declared
12 December 1964
Area
• Total
580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)[3][4] (48th)
• Water (%)
2.3
Population
• 2017 estimate
49,125,325[5] (28th)
• 2009 census
38,610,097[6]
• Density
78/km2 (202.0/sq mi) (124th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$175.659 billion[7]
• Per capita
$3,657[7]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$85.980 billion[7]
• Per capita
$1,790[7]
Gini (2014)42.5[8]
medium · 48th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.555[9]
medium · 146th
CurrencyKenyan shilling (KES)
Time zoneEAT (UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yy (AD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+254
ISO 3166 codeKE
Internet TLD.ke
[2] According to the CIA, estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of mortality because of AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex, than would otherwise be expected.

Kenya (ə/; locally [ˈkɛɲa] (About this sound listen)), officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi. Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift, covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and south-west, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi), and had a population of approximately 48 million people in January 2017.[2]

Kenya has a warm and humid tropical climate on its Indian Ocean coastline. The climate is cooler in the savannah grasslands around the capital city, Nairobi; especially those closer to Mount Kenya, which has snow permanently on its peaks. Further inland are highlands in Central and Rift Valley regions where tea and coffee are grown as cash crops which are major foreign revenue earners. In the West are Nyanza and Western regions, there is an equatorial, hot and dry climate which becomes humid around Lake Victoria, the largest tropical fresh-water lake in the world. This gives way to temperate and forested hilly areas in the neighbouring western region. The north-eastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. Kenya is known for its world class athletes in track and field and rugby. Thanks to its diverse climate and geography, expansive wildlife reserves and national parks such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, Amboseli National Park, Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, Aberdares National Park and white sand beaches at the Coastal region, Kenya is home to the modern safari and has several world heritage sites such as Lamu and a number of beaches, including in Diani, Bamburi and Kilifi, where international yachting competitions are held every year.

The African Great Lakes region, which Kenya is a part of, has been inhabited by humans since the Lower Paleolithic period. By the first millennium AD, the Bantu expansion had reached the area from West-Central Africa. The borders of the modern state consequently comprise the crossroads of the Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic areas of the continent, representing most major ethnolinguistic groups found in Africa. Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of the nation's residents.[10] European and Arab presence in coastal Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period; European exploration of the interior began in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, which starting in 1920 gave way to the Kenya Colony. Kenya obtained independence in December 1963, but remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Following a referendum in August 2010 and adoption of a new constitution, Kenya is now divided into 47 semi-autonomous counties, governed by elected governors.

The economy of Kenya is the largest by GDP in eastern and central Africa.[11][12] The capital, Nairobi, is also a regional commercial hub.[12]

Agriculture is a major employer; the country traditionally exports tea and coffee and has more recently begun to export fresh flowers to Europe. The service industry is also a major economic driver.

Etymology

The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th Century. While travelling with a Kamba caravan led by the legendary long distance trader Chief Kivoi, Krapf spotted the mountain peak and asked what it was called. Kivoi told him "Kĩ-Nyaa" or "Kĩĩma- Kĩĩnyaa" probably because the pattern of black rock and white snow on its peaks reminded them of the feathers of the cock ostrich.[13] The Agikuyu, who inhabit the slopes of Mt. Kenya, call it Kĩrĩma Kĩrĩnyaga in Kikuyu, while the Embu call it "Kirenyaa." All three names have the same meaning.[14]

Ludwig Krapf recorded the name as both Kenia and Kegnia.[15][16][17] Others say that this was—on the contrary—a very precise notation of a correct African pronunciation ə/.[18] An 1882 map drawn by Joseph Thompsons, a Scottish geologist and naturalist, indicated Mt. Kenya as Mt. Kenia, 1862.[13] The mountain's name was accepted, pars pro toto, as the name of the country. It did not come into widespread official use during the early colonial period, when the country was instead referred to as the East African Protectorate. It was changed to the Colony of Kenya in 1920.

Other Languages
Acèh: Kenya
адыгабзэ: Кение
Afrikaans: Kenia
Alemannisch: Kenia
አማርኛ: ኬንያ
Ænglisc: Cenia
العربية: كينيا
aragonés: Kenia
arpetan: Kenia
অসমীয়া: কেনিয়া
asturianu: Kenia
Avañe'ẽ: Kéña
azərbaycanca: Keniya
تۆرکجه: کنیا
bamanankan: Kenya
বাংলা: কেনিয়া
Bahasa Banjar: Kenya
Bân-lâm-gú: Kenya
башҡортса: Кения
беларуская: Кенія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кенія
भोजपुरी: कीनिया
Bikol Central: Kenya
български: Кения
བོད་ཡིག: ཁེ་ནི་ཡ།
bosanski: Kenija
brezhoneg: Kenya
буряад: Кени
català: Kenya
Чӑвашла: Кени
Cebuano: Kenya
čeština: Keňa
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Kenia
chiShona: Kenya
Cymraeg: Cenia
dansk: Kenya
davvisámegiella: Kenia
Deutsch: Kenia
ދިވެހިބަސް: ކެންޔާ
dolnoserbski: Kenija
ཇོང་ཁ: ཀེ་ནི་ཡ་
eesti: Keenia
Ελληνικά: Κένυα
español: Kenia
Esperanto: Kenjo
estremeñu: Quénia
euskara: Kenya
eʋegbe: Kenia
فارسی: کنیا
Fiji Hindi: Kenya
føroyskt: Kenja
français: Kenya
Frysk: Kenia
Fulfulde: Kenya
Gaeilge: An Chéinia
Gagauz: Keniya
Gàidhlig: A' Cheinia
galego: Kenya
Gĩkũyũ: Kenya
ગુજરાતી: કેન્યા
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: केनिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kenya
한국어: 케냐
Hausa: Kenya
Hawaiʻi: Kenia
Հայերեն: Քենիա
हिन्दी: कीनिया
hornjoserbsce: Kenija
hrvatski: Kenija
Ido: Kenia
Igbo: Kenya
Ilokano: Kenya
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কেনিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Kenya
interlingua: Kenya
Interlingue: Kenia
Ирон: Кени
isiZulu: IKenya
íslenska: Kenía
italiano: Kenya
עברית: קניה
Basa Jawa: Kénya
kalaallisut: Kenya
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕೀನ್ಯಾ
Kapampangan: Kenya
ქართული: კენია
қазақша: Кения
kernowek: Kenya
Kinyarwanda: Kenya
Kiswahili: Kenya
Kongo: Kenya
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kenya
kurdî: Kenya
Кыргызча: Кения
кырык мары: Кени
Ladino: Kenia
лезги: Кения
لۊری شومالی: کنیا
latgaļu: Keneja
Latina: Kenia
latviešu: Kenija
Lëtzebuergesch: Kenia
lietuvių: Kenija
Ligure: Kenya
Limburgs: Kenia
lingála: Kénya
Livvinkarjala: Kenii
la .lojban.: kenias
Luganda: Kenya
lumbaart: Kenya
magyar: Kenya
मैथिली: केन्या
македонски: Кенија
Malagasy: Kenia
മലയാളം: കെനിയ
Malti: Kenja
Māori: Kēnia
मराठी: केनिया
მარგალური: კენია
مصرى: كينيا
مازِرونی: کنیا
Bahasa Melayu: Kenya
Baso Minangkabau: Kenya
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kenya
монгол: Кени
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကင်ညာနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Quenia
Dorerin Naoero: Keniya
Nederlands: Kenia
नेपाली: केन्या
नेपाल भाषा: केन्या
日本語: ケニア
Napulitano: Kenya
нохчийн: Кени
Nordfriisk: Keenia
Norfuk / Pitkern: Keniia
norsk: Kenya
norsk nynorsk: Kenya
Novial: Kenya
occitan: Kenya
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କେନିଆ
Oromoo: Keeniyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Keniya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੀਨੀਆ
पालि: केन्या
Pangasinan: Kenia
پنجابی: کینیا
Papiamentu: Kenia
پښتو: کېنيا
Patois: Kenia
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កេនយ៉ា
Piemontèis: Kenya
Plattdüütsch: Kenia
polski: Kenia
português: Quénia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Keniya
qırımtatarca: Keniya
română: Kenya
Runa Simi: Kinya
русиньскый: Кенія
русский: Кения
саха тыла: Кения
संस्कृतम्: केन्या
Sängö: Kenyäa
sardu: Kènya
Scots: Kenyae
Seeltersk: Kenia
Sesotho: Kenya
Sesotho sa Leboa: Kenya
shqip: Kenia
sicilianu: Kenya
Simple English: Kenya
SiSwati: IKheniya
slovenčina: Keňa
slovenščina: Kenija
ślůnski: Kyńijo
Soomaaliga: Kiinya
کوردی: کینیا
српски / srpski: Кенија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kenija
Basa Sunda: Kénya
suomi: Kenia
svenska: Kenya
Tagalog: Kenya
தமிழ்: கென்யா
Taqbaylit: Kenya
татарча/tatarça: Кения
తెలుగు: కెన్యా
ትግርኛ: ኬንያ
тоҷикӣ: Кения
Türkçe: Kenya
Türkmençe: Keniýa
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Kenya
удмурт: Кения
українська: Кенія
اردو: کینیا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كېنىيە
Vahcuengh: Kenya
vèneto: Kenya
vepsän kel’: Kenii
Tiếng Việt: Kenya
Volapük: Kenyän
Võro: Kenya
文言: 肯亞
Winaray: Kenya
Wolof: Keeñaa
吴语: 肯尼亚
Xitsonga: Khenya
ייִדיש: קעניע
Yorùbá: Kẹ́nyà
粵語: 肯雅
Zazaki: Kenya
žemaitėška: Kenėjė
中文: 肯尼亚
डोटेली: केन्या
Kabɩyɛ: Keniya
Lingua Franca Nova: Cenia