Kenya

Republic of Kenya
Jamhuri ya Kenya (Swahili)
Motto: "Harambee" (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
Anthem: Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
O God of all creation
Location of  Kenya  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Kenya  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of Kenya
Capital
and largest city
Nairobi
1°16′S 36°48′E / 1°16′S 36°48′E / -1.267; 36.800
Official languages
National languageSwahili[1]
Ethnic groups (2018[2])
DemonymKenyan
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta
William Ruto
Kenneth Lusaka
Justin Muturi
David Maraga
Paul Kihara Kariuki[3]
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence
• from the United Kingdom
12 December 1963
• Republic declared
12 December 1964
Area
• Total
580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)[4][5] (48th)
• Water (%)
2.3
Population
• 2017 estimate
49,125,325[6] (28th)
• 2009 census
38,610,097[7]
• Density
78/km2 (202.0/sq mi) (124th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$175.659 billion[8]
• Per capita
$3,657[8]
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$85.980 billion[8]
• Per capita
$1,790[8]
Gini (2014)42.5[9]
medium · 48th
HDI (2017)Increase 0.590[10]
medium · 142nd
CurrencyKenyan shilling (KES)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yy (AD)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+254
ISO 3166 codeKE
Internet TLD.ke
[2] According to the CIA, estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of mortality because of AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex, than would otherwise be expected.

Kenya (ə/; locally [ˈkɛɲa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Republic of Kenya (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift, covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and south-west, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi) has a population of approximately 48 million.[2] Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third largest city and a critical inland port at Lake Victoria.[11] Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret.

Kenya's geographical and topographical diversity yields a variety of climates, including a warm and humid coastline, temperate savannah grasslands in the interior, temperate and forested hilly areas in the west, arid and semi-arid areas near the Somali border and Lake Turkana, and an Equatorial climate around Lake Victoria, the world's largest tropical freshwater lake. Kenya subsequently support an abundance of flora and fauna, many of which are protected by wildlife reserves and national parks, such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, Amboseli National Park, Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park. The country is the birthplace of the modern safari and hosts several World Heritage Sites such as Lamu.

Kenya is part of the African Great Lakes region, which has been inhabited by humans since the Lower Paleolithic period. By the first millennium C.E., the Bantu expansion had reached the area from West-Central Africa. Its territory was at the crossroads of the Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan and Afroasiatic cultures, today representing most major ethnolinguistic groups in Africa. Bantu and Nilotic populations together constitute around 97% of Kenya's population.[12] Trade with the Arabs began in the first century C.E., leading to the introduction of Islam and Arab culture to coastal regions, and the development of a distinct Swahili culture. European exploration of the interior began in the 19th century, with the British Empire establishing a protectorate in 1895, followed by the Kenya Colony in 1920. Kenya gained independence in December 1963 but remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. In relative terms, it has been relatively stable and democratic in the ensuing decades, albeit intercepted by periods of authoritarianism and political violence, most recently in 2007. Following a referendum in August 2010 and adoption of a new constitution, Kenya is now divided into 47 semiautonomous counties governed by elected governors.

Kenya's economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa,[13][14] with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub.[14] Agriculture is the largest sector; tea and coffee are traditional cash crops, while fresh flowers are a fast-growing export. The service industry is also a major economic driver, particularly tourism. Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc, though some international trade organisations categorise it as part of the Greater Horn of Africa.[15] Africa is Kenya's largest export market, followed by the European Union.[16]

Etymology

The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century. While travelling with a Kamba caravan led by the legendary long distance trader Chief Kivoi, Krapf spotted the mountain peak and asked what it was called. Kivoi told him "Kĩ-Nyaa" or "Kĩĩma- Kĩĩnyaa" probably because the pattern of black rock and white snow on its peaks reminded them of the feathers of the cock ostrich.[17] The Agikuyu, who inhabit the slopes of Mt. Kenya, call it Kĩrĩma Kĩrĩnyaga in Kikuyu, while the Embu call it "Kirenyaa." All three names have the same meaning.[18]

Ludwig Krapf recorded the name as both Kenia and Kegnia.[19][20][21] Others say that this was—on the contrary—a very precise notation of a correct African pronunciation ə/.[22] An 1882 map drawn by Joseph Thompsons, a Scottish geologist and naturalist, indicated Mt. Kenya as Mt. Kenia, 1862.[17] The mountain's name was accepted, pars pro toto, as the name of the country. It did not come into widespread official use during the early colonial period, when the country was instead referred to as the East African Protectorate. It was changed to the Colony of Kenya in 1920.

Other Languages
Acèh: Kenya
адыгабзэ: Кение
Afrikaans: Kenia
Alemannisch: Kenia
አማርኛ: ኬንያ
Ænglisc: Cenia
العربية: كينيا
aragonés: Kenia
arpetan: Kenia
অসমীয়া: কেনিয়া
asturianu: Kenia
Avañe'ẽ: Kéña
azərbaycanca: Keniya
تۆرکجه: کنیا
bamanankan: Kenya
বাংলা: কেনিয়া
Bahasa Banjar: Kenya
Bân-lâm-gú: Kenya
башҡортса: Кения
беларуская: Кенія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кенія
भोजपुरी: कीनिया
Bikol Central: Kenya
български: Кения
བོད་ཡིག: ཁེ་ནི་ཡ།
bosanski: Kenija
brezhoneg: Kenya
буряад: Кени
català: Kenya
Чӑвашла: Кени
Cebuano: Kenya
čeština: Keňa
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Kenia
chiShona: Kenya
Cymraeg: Cenia
dansk: Kenya
davvisámegiella: Kenia
Deutsch: Kenia
ދިވެހިބަސް: ކެންޔާ
dolnoserbski: Kenija
डोटेली: केन्या
ཇོང་ཁ: ཀེ་ནི་ཡ་
eesti: Keenia
Ελληνικά: Κένυα
español: Kenia
Esperanto: Kenjo
estremeñu: Quénia
euskara: Kenya
eʋegbe: Kenia
فارسی: کنیا
Fiji Hindi: Kenya
føroyskt: Kenja
français: Kenya
Frysk: Kenia
Fulfulde: Kenya
Gaeilge: An Chéinia
Gagauz: Keniya
Gàidhlig: A' Cheinia
galego: Kenya
Gĩkũyũ: Kenya
ગુજરાતી: કેન્યા
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: केनिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kenya
한국어: 케냐
Hausa: Kenya
Hawaiʻi: Kenia
հայերեն: Քենիա
हिन्दी: कीनिया
hornjoserbsce: Kenija
hrvatski: Kenija
Ido: Kenia
Igbo: Kenya
Ilokano: Kenya
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কেনিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Kenya
interlingua: Kenya
Interlingue: Kenia
Ирон: Кени
isiZulu: IKenya
íslenska: Kenía
italiano: Kenya
עברית: קניה
Basa Jawa: Kénya
Kabɩyɛ: Keniya
kalaallisut: Kenya
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕೀನ್ಯಾ
Kapampangan: Kenya
ქართული: კენია
қазақша: Кения
kernowek: Kenya
Kinyarwanda: Kenya
Kiswahili: Kenya
Kongo: Kenya
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kenya
kurdî: Kenya
Кыргызча: Кения
кырык мары: Кени
Ladino: Kenia
لۊری شومالی: کنیا
latgaļu: Keneja
Latina: Kenia
latviešu: Kenija
Lëtzebuergesch: Kenia
лезги: Кения
lietuvių: Kenija
Ligure: Kenya
Limburgs: Kenia
lingála: Kénya
Lingua Franca Nova: Cenia
Livvinkarjala: Kenii
la .lojban.: kenias
Luganda: Kenya
lumbaart: Kenya
magyar: Kenya
मैथिली: केन्या
македонски: Кенија
Malagasy: Kenia
മലയാളം: കെനിയ
Malti: Kenja
Māori: Kēnia
मराठी: केनिया
მარგალური: კენია
مصرى: كينيا
مازِرونی: کنیا
Bahasa Melayu: Kenya
Baso Minangkabau: Kenya
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kenya
монгол: Кени
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကင်ညာနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Quenia
Dorerin Naoero: Keniya
Nederlands: Kenia
नेपाली: केन्या
नेपाल भाषा: केन्या
日本語: ケニア
Napulitano: Kenya
нохчийн: Кени
Nordfriisk: Keenia
Norfuk / Pitkern: Keniia
norsk: Kenya
norsk nynorsk: Kenya
Novial: Kenya
occitan: Kenya
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କେନିଆ
Oromoo: Keeniyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Keniya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕੀਨੀਆ
पालि: केन्या
Pangasinan: Kenia
پنجابی: کینیا
Papiamentu: Kenia
پښتو: کېنيا
Patois: Kenia
ភាសាខ្មែរ: កេនយ៉ា
Piemontèis: Kenya
Plattdüütsch: Kenia
polski: Kenia
português: Quénia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Keniya
qırımtatarca: Keniya
română: Kenya
Runa Simi: Kinya
русиньскый: Кенія
русский: Кения
саха тыла: Кения
संस्कृतम्: केन्या
Sängö: Kenyäa
sardu: Kènya
Scots: Kenyae
Seeltersk: Kenia
Sesotho: Kenya
Sesotho sa Leboa: Kenya
shqip: Kenia
sicilianu: Kenya
Simple English: Kenya
SiSwati: IKheniya
slovenčina: Keňa
slovenščina: Kenija
ślůnski: Kyńijo
Soomaaliga: Kiinya
کوردی: کینیا
српски / srpski: Кенија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kenija
Basa Sunda: Kénya
suomi: Kenia
svenska: Kenya
Tagalog: Kenya
தமிழ்: கென்யா
Taqbaylit: Kenya
татарча/tatarça: Кения
తెలుగు: కెన్యా
ትግርኛ: ኬንያ
тоҷикӣ: Кения
Türkçe: Kenya
Türkmençe: Keniýa
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Kenya
удмурт: Кения
українська: Кенія
اردو: کینیا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كېنىيە
Vahcuengh: Kenya
vèneto: Kenya
vepsän kel’: Kenii
Tiếng Việt: Kenya
Volapük: Kenyän
Võro: Kenya
文言: 肯亞
Winaray: Kenya
Wolof: Keeñaa
吴语: 肯尼亚
Xitsonga: Khenya
ייִדיש: קעניע
Yorùbá: Kẹ́nyà
粵語: 肯雅
Zazaki: Kenya
žemaitėška: Kenėjė
中文: 肯尼亚