Commonwealth of Kentucky
Flag of Kentucky State seal of Kentucky
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Bluegrass State
Motto(s): United we stand, divided we fall
Deo gratiam habeamus
(Let us be grateful to God)
Map of the United States with Kentucky highlighted
Official language English [1]
Demonym Kentuckian
Capital Frankfort
Largest city Louisville
Largest metro Louisville metropolitan area
Area Ranked 37th
 • Total 40,409 sq mi
(104,659 km2)
 • Width 170 miles (250 km)
 • Length 379 miles (610 km)
 • % water 1.7
 • Latitude 36° 30′ N to 39° 09′ N
 • Longitude 81° 58′ W to 89° 34′ W
Population Ranked 26th
 • Total 4,436,974 (2016 est.) [2]
 •  Density 110/sq mi  (42.5/km2)
Ranked 22nd
 • Highest point Black Mountain [3] [4]
4,145 ft (1263 m)
 • Mean 750 ft  (230 m)
 • Lowest point Mississippi River at Kentucky Bend [3] [4]
257 ft (78 m)
Before statehood part of Virginia
Admission to Union June 1, 1792 (15th)
Governor Matt Bevin ( R)
Lieutenant Governor Jenean Hampton (R)
Legislature Kentucky General Assembly
 •  Upper house Senate
 •  Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Mitch McConnell (R)
Rand Paul (R)
U.S. House delegation 5 Republicans, 1 Democrat ( list)
Time zones  
 • eastern half Eastern: UTC −5/ −4
 • western half Central: UTC −6/ −5
ISO 3166 US-KY
Abbreviations KY, Ky.
Kentucky state symbols
Flag of Kentucky.svg
Seal of Kentucky.svg
Living insignia
Bird Cardinal
Butterfly Viceroy butterfly
Wildlife animal Gray squirrel
Fish Kentucky spotted bass
Flower Goldenrod
Horse breed Thoroughbred
Insect Western honeybee
Tree Tulip poplar
Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Clogging
Food Blackberry
Fossil Brachiopod
Gemstone Freshwater pearl
Mineral Coal
Rock Kentucky agate
Slogan Kentucky Unbridled Spirit
Soil Crider Soil Series
Song " My Old Kentucky Home"
Other Chevrolet Corvette (state sports car)
State route marker
Kentucky state route marker
State quarter
Kentucky quarter dollar coin
Released in 2001
Lists of United States state symbols

Kentucky ( i/ ( About this sound  listen), kən-TUCK-ee), officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it, [5] Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth (the others being Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts). Originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States.

Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State", a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the major regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky, which houses two of its major cities, Louisville and Lexington. It is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources, including the world's longest cave system, Mammoth Cave National Park, the greatest length of navigable waterways and streams in the contiguous United States, and the two largest human-made lakes east of the Mississippi River.

Kentucky is also known for horse racing, bourbon distilleries, moonshine, coal, the historic site My Old Kentucky Home, automobile manufacturing, tobacco, bluegrass music, college basketball, and Kentucky Fried Chicken.

My Old Kentucky Home, a widely known historic mansion for which Kentucky's state song, " My Old Kentucky Home" was written in 1852 by Stephen Foster
Narrow country roads bounded by stone and wood plank fences are a feature in the Kentucky Bluegrass region.


In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, [6] named for the Kentucky River.[ citation needed] The precise etymology of the name is uncertain, [7] but likely based on an Iroquoian name meaning "(on) the meadow" or "(on) the prairie" [8] [9] (cf. Mohawk kenhtà:ke, Seneca gëdá'geh ( phonemic /kẽtaʔkeh/), "at the field"). [10]

Others have put forth the possibility of Kenta Aki, which would absolutely come from Algonquian language and, therefore, would probably have derived from the Shawnees. Folk etymology states that this translates as "Land of Our Fathers." The closest approximation in another Algonquian language, Ojibwe (N. Michigan) translates it more-so to "Land of Our In-Laws," thus making a fairer English translation "The Land of Those Who Became Our Fathers." [11] In any case, the word aki comes out as land in practically all Algonquian languages.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kentucky
አማርኛ: ኬንታኪ
Ænglisc: Kentucky
العربية: كنتاكي
aragonés: Kentucky
arpetan: Kentucky
asturianu: Kentucky
Avañe'ẽ: Kentucky
Aymar aru: Kentucky suyu
azərbaycanca: Kentukki
বাংলা: কেন্টাকি
Bân-lâm-gú: Kentucky
беларуская: Кентукі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кентукі
भोजपुरी: केंचुकी
Bikol Central: Kentucky
Bislama: Kentucky
български: Кентъки
Boarisch: Kentucky
bosanski: Kentucky
brezhoneg: Kentucky
буряад: Кентукки
català: Kentucky
Чӑвашла: Кентукки
Cebuano: Kentucky
čeština: Kentucky
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Kentucky
corsu: Kentucky
Cymraeg: Kentucky
dansk: Kentucky
davvisámegiella: Kentucky
Deutsch: Kentucky
eesti: Kentucky
Ελληνικά: Κεντάκι
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Kentucky
español: Kentucky
Esperanto: Kentukio
euskara: Kentucky
فارسی: کنتاکی
Fiji Hindi: Kentucky
føroyskt: Kentucky
français: Kentucky
Frysk: Kentucky
Gaeilge: Kentucky
Gaelg: Kentucky
Gagauz: Kentucky
Gàidhlig: Kentucky
galego: Kentucky
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kentucky
хальмг: Кентукки
한국어: 켄터키 주
Hawaiʻi: Kenekuke
Հայերեն: Կենտուկի
हिन्दी: कॅण्टकी
hornjoserbsce: Kentucky
hrvatski: Kentucky
Ilokano: Kentucky
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কেন্টাকি
Bahasa Indonesia: Kentucky
interlingua: Kentucky
Interlingue: Kentucky
Iñupiak: Kentucky
íslenska: Kentucky
italiano: Kentucky
עברית: קנטקי
Basa Jawa: Kentucky
Kapampangan: Kentucky
ქართული: კენტუკი
қазақша: Кентукки
kernowek: Kentucky
Kiswahili: Kentucky
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kèntòki
Kurdî: Kentucky
кырык мары: Кентукки
Ladino: Kentucky
لۊری شومالی: کئنتاکی
Latina: Kentukia
latviešu: Kentuki
Lëtzebuergesch: Kentucky
lietuvių: Kentukis
Ligure: Kentucky
Limburgs: Kentucky
lumbaart: Kentucky
magyar: Kentucky
मैथिली: केन्टकी
македонски: Кентаки
Malagasy: Kentucky
മലയാളം: കെന്റക്കി
Māori: Kentucky
मराठी: केंटकी
მარგალური: კენტუკი
مصرى: كنتاكى
مازِرونی: کنتاکی
Bahasa Melayu: Kentucky
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kentucky
монгол: Кентакки
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကင်တပ်ကီပြည်နယ်
Dorerin Naoero: Kentucky
Nederlands: Kentucky
Nedersaksies: Kentucky
नेपाली: केन्टकी
नेपाल भाषा: केन्चकी
нохчийн: Кентукки
Nordfriisk: Kentucky
norsk: Kentucky
norsk nynorsk: Kentucky
occitan: Kentucky
олык марий: Кентукки
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kentukki
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਿੰਟਕੀ
पालि: केन्चकी
پنجابی: کینٹکی
Papiamentu: Kentucky
Piemontèis: Kentucky
Plattdüütsch: Kentucky
polski: Kentucky
português: Kentucky
română: Kentucky
rumantsch: Kentucky
Runa Simi: Kentucky suyu
русский: Кентукки
саха тыла: Кентаки
संस्कृतम्: केन्‍टकी
sardu: Kentucky
Scots: Kentucky
Seeltersk: Kentucky
shqip: Kentucky
sicilianu: Kentucky
Simple English: Kentucky
slovenčina: Kentucky
slovenščina: Kentucky
ślůnski: Kentucky
کوردی: کێنتاکی
српски / srpski: Кентаки
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kentucky
suomi: Kentucky
svenska: Kentucky
Tagalog: Kentucky
Taqbaylit: Kentucky
татарча/tatarça: Кентукки
Türkçe: Kentucky
українська: Кентуккі
اردو: کینٹکی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Kéntukki Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Kentucky
Volapük: Kentucky
文言: 肯塔基州
Winaray: Kentucky
ייִדיש: קענטאקי
Yorùbá: Kentucky
粵語: 肯塔基州
Zazaki: Kentucky
žemaitėška: Kentokis
中文: 肯塔基州